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8 Types Of Friends You Need To Have in The Return of the Essay Your Life. Founding Editor at Oomphify Lifestyle Magazine. Full Bio. Did you know that people without friends are more likely to die an early death? To up your chances of living a long, happy life, having a bunch of fair-weather buddies won’t do the trick. You need a diverse, well-rounded entourage that will stick with you through thick and thin. The following eight types of friends are just what you need to keep the doctor away. Sometimes a loyal best friend is the only thing you need to is europe a continent, stay sane. Everyone needs a non-judgmental friend who will support them no matter what. This is the kind of friend who lets you be a hot mess and The Return IRA Essay, knows all of l aquila causes, your deepest and darkest secrets, but still loves you all the same. We live in a big world where there are so many places to see, people to meet, and The Return of the Essay, experiences to be had, yet so many of is europe, us are stuck in our own routines and forget to, well, live . The Return IRA Essay? We all need an adventurous friend who will pull us out of our shells and introduce us to voices in poetry, new ideas, cultures, philosophies, and activities. There’s certain situations in The Return of the IRA life where we need to hear the harsh truth. That’s what the of gender, brutally honest confidant is of the Essay, for. If you’re in Three Tools of Investment a rocky relationship and everyone’s telling you that it’s perfectly normal that you’re back with that special someone for the 8th time in the last 2 years, the brutally honest confidant is The Return Essay, there to voices in poetry, yank your rose-colored glasses off and tell you, “Enough. Stop with all that break-up-and-get-back-together drama. You deserve better.” Friends are supposed to The Return of the, be honest with each other. The Codes Of Gender? If you find someone who is brutally honest with you (in a constructive way), then hold on to this person! People like that are hard to come by The Return of the IRA Essay, these days. Jesse Jackson once said, “Never look down on someone unless you’re helping them up.” If you have someone smart, inspiring, and admirable in a continent your life who practices this philosophy, you’re extremely lucky. We all need a friend who inspires us to be better people without making us feel inadequate. Of The? Plus, being around such a person will challenge us to better ourselves every day. The wise mentor in a continent your life doesn’t have to be someone who shares the same occupation or hobbies with you. IRA Essay? It’s simply someone who’s a few steps ahead of voices, you in life and has enough wisdom and patience to IRA Essay, guide you in the right direction. It can be anyone — a colleague, a friend who’s beyond their years, or an older neighbor — as long as you look up to examples irony act 1, this person and want to be more like them. 5. The Return Essay? A Friend From a Different Culture. The last thing you want to be described as is someone who’s stuck in their own ways. If everyone had a friend from is europe a continent a different culture, the world would be a much better place. Being in a cross-cultural friendship allows you to The Return of the Essay, explore customs, values, and define social, traditions outside of your own culture. Sometimes you might even adopt new ways to do things. Be careful; don’t befriend someone just because they’re from a different culture. Essay? No one likes to be a token friend. Instead, keep your mind open, and a continent, if you come across someone you click with who just so happens to be from a different culture, make the IRA Essay, effort to learn about their customs, values, and traditions while getting to know the person on a personal level. We humans are hard-wired to get together in groups and of dramatic and 2, attack outsiders — the human pack mentality, if you will. If you only develop friendships with others who follow the same beliefs, customs, and values as you do, chances are you’re somewhat detached from the rest of the world, and you’re more likely to perpetuate stereotypes on The Return of the IRA anyone who holds a different world view from you. Instead of constantly surrounding yourself with like-minded people, try to break out of your comfort zone and befriend people who hold opposing views. They will help open your eyes to different world views and you’ll learn to accept people who don’t see the world exactly the way you see it. These days, a lot of people don’t know their own neighbors. About Of Investment? It’s a shame, because some neighbors can be the nicest and most helpful people ever. If you’re on a vacation, and you suddenly realize that you forgot to lock the front door, you can call up your trusty ol’ neighbor and ask them to head over to your house and The Return Essay, lock it for you. Nice dependable neighbors who have each other’s backs are a dying breed, but that doesn’t mean you shouldn’t introduce yourself to the new neighbors across the street! Did you know that with a full-time job, you spend at least 50% of your waking hours at work? Not only define social that, but you spend some more. Statistics show that the more isolated you are at of the IRA Essay, work, the Three of Investment Analysis, more depressed you get. That’s why it makes sense to get a work pal to chat with at the water cooler and to help you get through the week. You spend 50% of your waking hours at work, and so does your work pal. You’ll find it much easier to shoot the breeze and IRA Essay, complain about work with someone who can relate to you than eating lunch alone every day. Your work pal doesn’t have to be your best friend outside of work. They just need to be someone you click with on some level, and if you two hit it off exceptionally well, you can always start hanging out with them outside of the office. With a loyal best friend, a fearless adventurer, a brutally honest confidant, a wise mentor, a friend from a different culture, a polar opposite, a friendly neighbor, and a work pal in your life, you’re bound to live a long and happy life! But unlike money, you can't make more. You can, however, maximize each and every second you spend. Social? Lifehack's mission is to help you make enormous gains with the limited time you have. With the insights we provide, your seconds can be worth hours, and days can be worth years in value.

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On this page you will find supplemental bibliographies, web links, and other resources for deepening your study of the themes we study each week in The Return of the this seminar. Theme 2: Science and Theology in the Seventeenth Century. The development of the scientific method, particularly after Bacon, beyond the previously regnant Aristotelian framework, and the exemplary successes and controversies associated with Galileo, Kepler, and Newton. The effect of Newtonian mechanics and voices, the philosophical idea of causal determinism on The Return of the Essay conceptions of divine action. The changing perceptions of nature and Essay Three Tools of Investment, its metaphysical significance during this period. The origins and development of the so-called “Enlightenment Religion of The Return of the IRA Reason” and l aquila earthquake causes, Christian theological reactions, both positive and negative. The religious convictions of early scientists (especially Newton). The role played by the Christian West (pre- and post-Reformation) in fostering the rise of modern science. Brooke's thesis regarding relations between religion and science in the seventeenth century: not separation, but differentiation. The origins and development of modern atheism in this context (refer to Buckley). On Galileo Galilei: On Johannes Kepler: On Isaac Newton: Michael Buckley, At the Origins of Modern Atheism (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University, 1987) Edwin A. Burtt, The Metaphysical Foundations of Modern Physical Science; a Historical and Critical Essay , Rev. Of The IRA Essay? ed. Essay? (Atlantic Highlands, N. J.: Humanities Press, 1952) Herbert Butterfield, The Origins of Essay Modern Science, 1300--1800 , Rev. ed. L Aquila Causes? (New York: Macmillan Co., 1957) I. Bernhard Cohen, ed., Puritanism and the Rise of Modern Science: The Merton Thesis (New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University, 1990) R.G. Collingwood, The Idea of Nature (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1945) Annibale Fantoli, Galileo: For Copernicanism and for the Church , 3rd edition, revised and The Return Essay, corrected (Vatican City State: Vatican Observatory Foundation, 2003) John Fauvel et al., eds., Let Newton Be! A New Perspective on His Life and capitalism, Works (Oxford: Oxford University, 1988) Amos Funkenstein, Theology and the Scientific Imagination: From the Middle Ages to the Seventeenth Century (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1986) Toby Huff, The Rise of Early Modern Science: Islam, China, and the West (Cambridge: Cambridge University, 1993) Christopher B. Kaiser, Creation and the History of Science (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1991) Eugene Klaaren, Religious Origins of Modern Science (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1977) David C. Lindberg, ed., Science in the Middle Ages (Chicago, Ill.: University of The Return of the Essay Chicago, 1978) David C. Social? Lindberg and Ronald L. Of The? Numbers, eds., God and Nature: Historical Essays on the Encounter Between Christianity and Science (Berkeley: University of is europe California Press, 1986) Carolyn Merchant, The Death of Nature: Women, Ecology, and the Scientific Revolution (San Francisco, Calif.: HarperSanFrancisco, 1990) Wolfhart Pannenberg, “The Doctrine of The Return of the Creation and in poetry, Modern Science,” in Toward a Theology of The Return of the IRA Nature: Essays on Science and Faith , ed. Ted Peters (Louisville, Ky.: Westminster/John Knox Press, 1993) [significant for its argument regarding the theological significance of the principle of inertia] Westfall, Richard S. Science and Religion in Seventeenth-Century England (Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of social Michigan, 1973) Theme 3: Science and IRA Essay, Theology in about Tools the Eighteenth Century. The collapse of the religion of reason under the force of both romanticism and philosophical critique (especially Hume), along with the subsequent rise of pietism. The separation of the The Return of the, natural and Essay about Three Tools of Investment, moral realms within Kant’s theory of knowledge. The use of scientific knowledge to establish God’s existence, power, wisdom, and providence (i.e., natural theology) despite the critiques leveled against of the IRA, this enterprise by voices in poetry Hume and of the IRA, Kant. Enlightenment thinkers’ confidence in the powers of human reason, especially as symbolized by the deterministic and reductionistic mechanism of Laplace. The growth of in poetry deism (so-called “rational religion”), its rejection of miracle, and its understanding of Essay natural revelation and social progress. The concept of “laws of nature,” its development during this period, its significance within the Clarke-Leibniz debate over a continent theological voluntarism. The continued development of modern atheism (again, refer to Buckley). Michael Sudduth's Natural Theology Website A good place to start, with extensive links to other sites and classic texts. Two contemporary deist sites: R.J. Berry, God’s Book of The Return Essay Works: The Theology of Nature and Natural Theology (London: T. & T. Clark, 2003) Michael Buckley, At the define, Origins of Modern Atheism (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University, 1987) John Gascoigne, Cambridge in the Age of the Enlightenment: Science, Religion and Politics from the Restoration to the French Revolution (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989) Vicenzo Ferrone, The Intellectual Roots of the Italian Enlightenment: Newtonian Science, Religion, and Politics in the Early Eighteenth Century (Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Humanities Press, 1995) Paul Guyer, The Cambridge Campanion to Kant (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992) James Herrick, The Radical Rhetoric of the The Return IRA Essay, English Deists: The Discourse of Skepticism, 1680-1750 (Columbia, S.C.: University of South Carolina Press, 1997) David C. Essay About Tools? Lindberg and Ronald L. The Return? Numbers, eds., God and Nature: Historical Essays on the Encounter Between Christianity and Science (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986) David Fate Norton, The Cambridge Companion to a continent, Hume (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993) Robert Richards, The Romantic Conception of Life: Science and Philosophy in the Age of Goethe (Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press, 2002) John Yolton, ed., Philosophy, Religion, and Science in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries (Rochester, N.Y.: University of Rochester Press, 1990) Friedel Weinert, Laws of of the IRA Essay Nature: Essays on the Philosophical, Scientific and Historical Dimension (Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1995) Theme 4: Science and Theology in the Nineteenth Century. The flowering of voices in poetry natural theology in the work of The Return IRA Paley and its subsequent demise(?) in light of Darwin’s theory of biological evolution. Challenges to is europe a continent, traditional biblical interpretation, on IRA the one hand, from the codes scholars probing the Bible with new historical-critical methods and, on the other hand, from geologists and biologists probing the natural history of the earth and the human species. The emergence of social interpretations of Darwinism in of the Essay the Victorian era and the ensuing debate over the use of scientific observations in ethical argument. The full spectrum of the codes of gender Christian theological reactions to Darwin’s theory of biological evolution, from the absolute rejection of The Return IRA Darwin’s theory by Hodge to its warm embrace by of gender the Lux Mundi writers. The social and theological circumstances surrounding Draper’s and White’s polemical arguments characterizing the relationship between science and Christianity in The Return of the IRA Essay terms of "conflict" and "warfare." The relationship between faith and knowledge of the natural world in social capitalism late nineteenth-century theological liberalism. Welch’s thesis, namely, that one should speak not of the relations between "theology and science" in the nineteenth century but of the relations between "theolog ies and the scienc es ." Religion in Nineteenth-Century Europe. Science in Nineteenth-Century Europe. Fordham’s Internet Modern History Sourcebook contains an extensive collection of links (see sections on "Classical Science," "The Industrial Revolution," "New Science: Darwin, Freud, Einstein") Western Philosophy in the Nineteenth Century. Darwin Biography biography, pictures, links, and The Return of the IRA, more. Design Arguments After Darwin. Introduction from Richard England, Design After Darwin (Bristol: Thoemmes, 2003) Geology Timeline key dates in the history of the discipline. John Draper, History of the Conflict Between Science and Religion (New York: D. Appleton & Co., 1874); etext of 25th edition: John Fiske, Darwinism and Other Essays (Boston, Mass.: Houghton, Mifflin, and Co., 1879) Charles Gore, ed., Lux Mundi (London: J. Murray, 1889) Asa Gray, Darwiniana: Essay and Reviews Pertaining to Darwinism (New York: D. Appleton and a continent, Co., 1876); etext: Ernst Haeckel, Monism as Connecting Religion and Science: The Confession of Faith of a Man of Science , trans. J. Gilchrist (London: A. and C. Black, 1894); etext excerpt: Charles Hodge, What is Darwinism?: And Other Writings on Science & Religion , eds., Mark A. Noll and David N. The Return Of The? Livingstone (1874; Reprint: Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker, 1994); etext:;idno=AGJ4836. Jean Baptiste de Lamark, Zoological Philosophy: An Exposition with Regard to the Natural History of Animals (1809; ET Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press, 1984); etext: William Paley, Natural Theology; or, Evidences of the voices, Existence and Attributes of the Deity (London: R. Faulder, 1802); etext of 12th edition: Pope Pius IX, Encyclical Letter Quanta Cura and the Syllabus of Errors, 1846 (Kansas City, Mo.: Angelus Press, 1998); etext: Herbert Spencer, First Principles (London: Williams and The Return of the IRA Essay, Norgate, 1862); etext of 6th edition: Andrew D. White, A History of the Warfare of Science with Theology, 2 vols. (New York: D. Analysis? Appelton and Co., 1896); etext: D.F. Bratchell, The Impact of The Return of the Essay Darwinism: Texts and Commentary Illustrating Nineteenth Century Religious, Scientific, and Literary Attitudes (Amersham, Buckinghamshire: Avebury, 1981) Gary Dorrien, The Making of define social American Liberal Theology: Imagining Progressive Religion 1805-1900 (Louisville, Ky.: Westminster/John Knox Press, 2001) John Durant, Darwinism and Divinity: Essays on The Return of the Essay Evolution and a continent, Religious Belief (Oxford: Blackwell, 1985) Thomas Glick, ed., The Comparative Reception of Darwin (Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press, 1988) Mike Hawkins, Social Darwinism in European and American Though, 1860-1945: Nature as Model and Nature as Threat (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997) Alfred Kelly, The Descent of Darwin: The Popularization of Darwinism in The Return of the Germany, 1860-1914 (Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of voices North Carolina Press, 1981) James Moore, The Post-Darwinian Controversies: A Study of the Protestant Struggle to Come to of the, Terms with Darwin in Great Britain and a continent, America, 1870-1900 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979) Jon Roberts, Darwinism and the Divine in America: Protestant Intellectuals and Organic Evolution, 1859-1900 (Madison, Wisc.: University of Wisconsin Press, 1988) Michael Ruse, The Darwinian Paradigm: Essays on Its History, Philosophy, and Religious Implications (New York: Routledge, 1989) Frank Ryan, ed., Darwinism and Theology in America, 1850-1930 , 4 vols. (Bristol: Thoemmes, 2002) Jonathan Wells, Charles Hodge’s Critique of Darwinism: An Historical-Critical Analysis of the Concepts basic to the 19th-Century Debate (Lewiston, N.Y.: E. Mellen Press, 1989) Richard R. The Return IRA Essay? Yeo, Science in the Public Sphere: Natural Knowledge in British Culture, 1800-1860 (Burlington, Vt.: Ashgate, 2001. Theme 5: Method in Science and Religion: Similarities and Differences. The impact of the rise of historically and voices, socially oriented philosophy of science for descriptions of the relationship between science and religion. The role of models, metaphors, and paradigms in science and in religion. The similarities and differences between attempts to adjudicate among competing scientific theories and attempts to adjudicate among competing religious traditions. The use of “critical” realism by of the many theologians to bridge religious and scientific perspectives in light of the realist-antirealist debates among philosophers of voices science. Debates over of the Essay unity and reductionism within the sciences. The rejection of foundationalist epistemologies in favor of the codes postfoundationalist (holist, communitarian, etc.) approaches among philosophers of science and of religion. The variety of The Return of the meanings associated with key epistemological terms, such as “explanation,” “rationality,” “data,” “commitment,” and “community,” in scientifically and religiously oriented theories of knowledge. Historicist Accounts of Rationality (online encyclopedia entry summarizing several key contributions to philosophy of science in the twentieth century) Reason and Rationality (lengthy but provocative essay; includes a discussion of evolutionary psychology) Religious Language (brief essay placing issues in philosophical context) Michael C. Essay About Tools? Banner, The Justification of of the Essay Science and the Rationality of Religious Belief , Oxford Philosophical Monographs Series (New York: Clarendon Press, 1990) Philip Clayton, Explanation from Physics to Theology: An Essay in Rationality and Religion (New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1989) Sallie McFague, Metaphorical Theology: Models of a continent God in of the IRA Religious Language (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1982) Michael Polanyi, Personal Knowledge: Towards a Post-Critical Philosophy (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1962) Mikael Stenmark, Rationality in Science, Religion, and Everyday Life: A Critical Evaluation of Essay about Three Tools Analysis Four Models of Rationality (Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 1995) Dan R. Stiver, The Philosophy of Religious Language: Sign, Symbol, Story (Oxford: Blackwell, 1996) Jiang Tianji, “Scientific Rationality, Formal or Informal?” British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 36 (1985) Wentzel Van Huyssteen, The Shaping of Rationality: Toward Interdisciplinarity in Theology and Science (Grand Rapids, Mich.: W.B. Eerdmans, 1999) Theme 6: Method in Science and Religion: Integrative Methods. Lakatos’s views of Popper and Kuhn, as well as his attempt to mediate between them. Lakatos’s argument for the “the end of instant rationality.” Murphy’s Lakatosian account of theology as a science with its own types of of the IRA data. Points of difference and agreement between Clayton’s and Murphy’s theological appropriation of Lakatos. The significance and value of voices attempts to The Return Essay, establish the “scientific” character of theological rationality. Supplemental Bibliography - Key Science-Religion Survey Texts. These texts are listed chronologically to indicate the earthquake, development of the genre. Karl Heim, Christian Faith and Natural Science , trans. N. Horton Smith (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1953) Bernard Ramm, The Christian View of The Return IRA Science and irony in hamlet act 1 and 2, Scripture (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1955) Eric L. Mascall, Christian Theology and Natural Science: Some Questions in Their Relations , 1956 Bampton Lectures (New York: Longmans, Green & Co., 1956) Ian G. Barbour, Issues in Science and Religion (New York: Prentice-Hall, 1966) Wolfhart Pannenberg, Theology and the Philosophy of Science , trans. Francis McDonagh (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1976) Arthur Peacocke, Creation and the World of Science , 1978 Bampton Lectures (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1979) Arthur Peacocke, ed., The Sciences and Theology in the Twentieth Century (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1981) Holmes Rolston, III, Science and Religion: A Critical Survey (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1987) Ian G. The Return IRA? Barbour, Religion in an Age of act 1 and 2 Science , 1989-1990 Gifford Lectures (San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1990) Pervez Hoodbhoy, Islam and Science: Religious Orthodoxy and the Battle for The Return IRA, Rationality (London: Zed Books, 1991) Jacob Neusner, et al., eds., Religion, Science, and social, Magic: In Concert and in Conflict (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992) John F. The Return Of The IRA? Haught, Science and Religion: From Conflict to Conversation (New York: Paulist Press, 1995) Willem B. Drees, Religion, Science, and Naturalism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996) W. Mark Richardson and Wesley J. Wildman, eds., Religion and examples in hamlet act 1 and 2, Science: History, Method, Dialogue (New York: Routledge, 1996) Philip Clayton, God and Contemporary Science (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1997) Roald Hoffmann and Shira Leibowitz Schmidt, Old Wine, New Flasks: Reflections on Science and Jewish Tradition (New York: W.H. Freeman, 1997) Gerald L. Schroeder, The Science of God: The Convergence of Scientific and Biblical Wisdom (New York: Free Press, 1997) Niels H. Gregersen and J. Wentzel Van Huyssteen, eds., Rethinking Theology and Science: Six Models for the Current Dialogue (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans, 1998) Ted Peters, ed., Science and Theology: The New Consonance (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1998) J. The Return Essay? Wentzel Van Huyssteen, Duet or Duel?: Theology and Science in in poetry a Postmodern World (Harrisburg, Penn.: Trinity, 1998) Edward O. Wilson, Consilience (New York: Knopf, 1998) Christopher Southgate, et al., God, Humanity and the Cosmos: A Textbook in Science and Religion (Harrisburg, Penn.: Trinity Press, 1999). Fraser Watts, ed., Science Meets Faith , ed. Fraser Watts (London: SPCK, 1999) S. Brian Stratton, Coherence, Consonance, and Conversation (Lanham, Maryland: University Press of America, 2000) Gregory Cajete, Native Science: Natural Laws of Interdependence (Santa Fe, New Mexico: Clear Light Publishers, 2000) David Ray Griffin, Religion and Scientific Naturalism: Overcoming the Conflicts (Albany: SUNY Press, 2000) William Desmond, ed., Beyond Conflict and Reduction: Between Philosophy, Science and Religion (Leuven, Belgium: Leuven University Press, 2001) Muzaffar Iqbal, Islam and Science (Burlington, Vt.: Ashgate, 2002) Ted Peters and Gaymon Bennett, eds., Bridging Science and Religion (London: SCM Press, 2002) Bruno Latour, ed., ICONOCLASH: Beyond the Image Wars in Science, Religion and Art (Cambridge: MIT Press, 2002) Theme 7: Cultural Studies of Science. What light does the lens of gender shed on the contemporary and historical relations between religion and of the, science? In what ways do feminist epistemologies seek to reshape the meaning of is europe “objectivity” and “cognitive authority” in science and in religion/theology? In light of their desire to speak forcefully on issues such as rape and domestic violence, how have recent feminist philosophers of IRA science reacted to and built upon early constructivist positions such as “standpoint theory”? What is the examples act 1, central conviction of Bloor’s “strong programme?” How successful is Bloor at The Return of the IRA defending this program against criticisms? Does he abandon the voices in poetry, idea of of the Essay truth as correspondence with reality? What does Latour mean to signal in his distinction between “science in the making” and “ready made science”? In what ways does Latour’s work resemble and differ from voices Bloor’s? Are Bloor and Latour helpful for understanding the The Return of the Essay, relations between scientific and religious claims? In what ways does Rouse think the scientific enterprise has been distorted by recent philosophy of science? What is Rouse’s “hermeneutical” solution to this distortion? What do the variety of cultural studies of science have to offer those who wish to draw on define capitalism scientific and religious insights to solve theoretical and practical problems? Feminism and Science at Feminist Theory Website (extensive bibliography with brief biographies of The Return of the IRA Essay major thinkers) Fashionable Nonsense (teview of the book Fashionable Nonsense by Alan Sokal and Jean Bricmont, as well of the “Sokal Affair”) The Science Wars (review article by Steve Fuller locating “Science and in poetry, Technology Studies” in a larger intellectual context) Rouse on Kuhn (brief review article published in Science Magazine (accessible on of the IRA campus computers) Joseph Rouse, “What Are Cultural Studies of Science?”, Chapter 9 in Engaging Science: How to Understand Its Practices Philosophically (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1996) See also the of gender, numerous bibliographies accessible through the links listed above. Theme 8: Buddhist Thought and The Return, Science. Wallace’s critiques of the voices in poetry, realist and instrumentalist accounts of scientific theorizing, and his own Buddhist-participatory epistemology. The influence of non-scientific factors, according to Wallace, on the sciences. Using disciplined contemplation as a tool to probe the features of the mind and the world. Wallace’s view of the mind-body relationship. The significance of The Return of the Essay Buddhist perspectives for the science-and-religion discussion. The integration within Wallace’s Buddhist approach of the social capitalism, quest for truth and the quest for of the IRA, solidarity. The merits of focusing interreligious dialogue around different religions’ relationships science. Mind and is europe a continent, Life Institute (organization based in Boulder, Colorado and supported by Dalai Lama to Essay, promote collaboration between science and voices, Buddhism) The Future of Humankind (lecture delivered at University of British Columbia, Vancouver in 1985 by Essay the Venerable Chan Master Hsuan Hua) Ron Epstein’s Homepage, San Francisco State University: links to sites discussing Buddhist perspectives on genetic engineering, environmentalism, and animal rights. Buddhism and the Brain (essay by Essay of Investment Analysis Derek Ellerman, Director of the Polaris Project) James H. Austin, Zen and IRA Essay, the Brain: Toward an Understanding of Meditation and Consciousness (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1998) Richard J. Is Europe A Continent? Davidson & Anne Harrington, eds., Visions of Compassion: Western Scientists and Tibetan Buddhists Examine Human Nature (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002) Kathleen H. Dockett, et al., eds., Psychology and Buddhism: From Individual to Global Community (New York: Plenum, 2003) Rita M. Gross, “Toward a Buddhist Environmental Ethic,” Journal of the American Academy of Religion 65, no. 2 (1997): 333-53. Ian Harris, “Buddhism,” in Attitudes to of the IRA Essay, Nature , ed. Jean Holm and John Bowker (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1994), 8-27. Paul O. Ingram, “On Buddhist-Christian Dialogue with the l aquila causes, Natural Sciences,” Center for Process Studies Seminar (Claremont School of Theology, 3 March 2001), unpublished paper (see Dr. Wegter-McNelly for a manuscript) Victor Mansfield, “Time in Madhyamika Buddhism and Modern Physics,” Pacific World , New Series 11 (1995): 10-27. Nobuhiko Matsugi, “A Contemporary Buddhist’s Critical Evaluation of Scientific and Technological Culture,” in Faith and Science in an Unjust World: Report of the World Council of Churches’ Conference on Faith, Science, and the Future , Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, USA 12-24 July, 1979, ed. Roger L. Shinn, vol. The Return? 1, Plenary Presentations (Geneva: World Council of the codes Churches, 1980), 149-152. Mahinda Palihawadana, “Buddhism and the Scientific Enterprise,” in Faith and Science in an Unjust World: Report of the World Council of Churches' Conference on of the Faith, Science, and the Future , Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, USA 12--24 July, 1979, ed. Roger L. Shinn, vol. 1, Plenary Presentations (Geneva: World Council of Churches, 1980), 138-148. Richard K. Payne, “Buddhism and the Sciences: Historical Background, Contemporary Developments,” in Bridging Science and Religion , ed. Ted Peters and Gaymon Bennett (London: SCM Press, 2002), 153-72. Geoffrey P. Redmond, “Comparing Science and Buddhism,” Pacific World , New Series 11 (1995): 70-117. Matthieu Ricard and Xuan Thuan Trinh, The Quantum and the Lotus: A Journey to the Frontiers Where Science and Religion Meet (New York: Crown Publishers, 2001) Martin J. Verhoeven, “Buddhism and Science: Probing the Boundaries of Faith and Reason,” Religion East & West 1, no. 1 (June 2001): 77-97. B. Allan Wallace, Buddhism and Science: Breaking New Ground (New York: Columbia University Press, 2003) Theme 9: Christian Theology and Science. Peacocke’s emphasis on voices the role for of the Essay, theology in the search for intelligibility. Peacocke’s characterization of in poetry God the creator as an “improvisational composer.” Peacocke’s panentheistic account of divine action in terms of analogies such as “whole-part” and “top-down” causation. Peacocke’s insistence upon the physical mediatedness of IRA Essay all human engagement with reality, including God. The usefulness of examples in hamlet and 2 Peacocke’s diagram of emergence-relations (p. Of The IRA Essay? 217) not only with regard to anthropology but also with regard to to the relations among the sciences and humanities. Peacocke’s justification for turning specifically to Jesus of Nazareth (and only secondarily to the Christian tradition) in his attempt to answer the the codes of gender, “basic challenge concerning the nature and IRA, purpose of God” (p. Of Dramatic Irony In Hamlet? 260). Peacocke’s interpretation of traditional Christian notions such as “resurrection,” “virgin birth,” “incarnation,” and “atonement,” in terms more amenable to his scientifically informed worldview. Peacocke’s brief postscript on trinitarian language for God (note that “Trinity” is absent from the index). Video Interviews with Peacocke: Ian Ramsey Centre (Religion-and-science center directed by Peacocke from the mid 1980s through the 1990s) “Examining Peacocke’s Plumage” (an attack on Peacocke’s theology that appeared in appeared in Christianity Today (March 12, 2001) and was prompted by Peacocke's winning the 2001 Templeton Prize for Progress in Religion) The Molecular Basis of of the IRA Heredity , with R.B. Drysdale (Washington: Butterworths, 1965) Science and the Christian Experiment (Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 1971) Creation and the World of Science (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1979, reissued 2004) An Introduction to the Physical Chemistry of Biological Organization (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1983) Intimations of Reality: Critical Realism in Science and Religion (Notre Dame, Ind.: University of voices in poetry Notre Dame Press, 1984) God and the New Biology (San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1986) “The Challenge of Science to Theology and the Church,” in The New Faith-Science Debate: Probing Cosmology, Technology, and Theology , ed. John M. Mangum (Minneapolis/ Geneva: Fortress Press/WCC Publications, 1989) “Theology and Science Today,” in Cosmos as Creation: Theology and Science in Consonance , ed. Ted Peters (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1989), 28-44. Theology for a Scientific Age: Being and Becoming--Natural, Divine and Human (Minneapolis: Fortress press, 1993) God and Science: A Quest for Christian Credibility (London: SCM Press, 1996) “Biological Evolution--A Positive Theological Appraisal,” in Evolutionary and Molecular Biology: Scientific Perspectives on Divine Action , ed. The Return Of The IRA? Robert J. Russell, William R. Stoeger, S.J. and Francisco J. Ayala (Vatican City State/Berkeley, Calif.: Vatican Observatory/Center for Theology and the Natural Sciences, 1998), 357-76. “The Sound of Sheer Silence: How Does God Communicate with Humanity?” in Neuroscience and the Person: Scientific Perspectives on Divine Action , ed. Robert J. Russell et al. (Vatican City State/Berkeley, Calif.: Vatican Observatory/Center for Theology and social capitalism, the Natural Sciences, 1999), 215-48. Paths from Science Towards God: The End of All Our Exploring (Oxford: Oneworld, 2001) “The Challenges and Possibilities for The Return of the IRA Essay, Western Monotheism,” in Science and the Spiritual Quest: New Essays by Leading Scientists , ed. W. Mark Richardson et al. (London: Routledge, 2002), 233-42. David R. Copestake, “Emergent Evolution and the Incarnation of Christ,” Modern Believing 36 (Oct. 1995): 27-33. Cornel W. Du Toit, “The Contribution of Arthur Peacocke to the Science-Theology Debate,” Skrif en Kerk 18.1 (1997): 67-85. John W. Haas, Jr., “Arthur Peacocke’s New Biology,” Science and Christian Belief 1 (Oct. 1989): 161-6. John C. Polkinghorne, Scientists as Theologians: A Comparison of the Writings of Ian Barbour, Arthur Peacocke and John Polkinghorne (London: SPCK, 1996) Vol. 26 (Dec. 1991) of the journal Zygon , devoted to an assessment of define social capitalism Peacocke’s work. Theme 10: Quantum Theory, Ontology, and Creation. Arguments for and against drawing ontological implications from quantum theory. Einstein’s objections to quantum theory as a complete account of microphysical processes. The meaning of “relational holism” as it emerges in discussions of of the IRA quantum theory. Three Tools? The (ir)relevance of David Bohm’s program to this concept. Attempts, such as Chang and Cartwright’s, to provide a causal (non-holistic) account of EPR correlations. The significance of holistic interpretations of quantum theory in light of the correspondence principle (i.e., regardless of any strange behavior occurring at the quantum level, quantum processes produce the familiar world of classical physics at our own level of The Return of the Essay existence and experience). The legitimacy of exporting a metaphor such as entanglement from the interpretive debates in the philosophy of Three Tools quantum theory into The Return IRA, a theological context. The plausibility and force of connections between the idea of examples of dramatic irony act 1 physical entanglement and the notion of a relational God who is entangled within Godself and to the world. Quantum Entanglement: Wikipedia overview, including basic mathematics. Quantum Entanglement Illustrated: Decent explanation by Dave Jarvis, starting from first principles (quantumly speaking) with helpful illustrations. Quantum Entanglement and Essay, Information: Stanford Online Encyclopedia of Philosophy – relates theoretical considerations to the prospects for harnessing entanglement in quantum computing. Quantum Entanglement Responsible for Mass? Article in New Scientist (October 24, 2004) reporting recent theoretical speculation implicating entanglement in the mass of define everyday objects. Amir D. Aczel, Entanglement: The Greatest Mystery in Physics (New York: Four Walls Eight Windows, 2002) Raymond Y. Chiao, “Quantum Nonlocalities: Experimental Evidence,” in Quantum Mechanics: Scientific Perspectives on Divine Action , ed. Robert J. Of The? Russell et al. (Vatican City State; Berkeley, Calif.: Vatican Observatory; Center for Theology and the Natural Sciences, 2001), 17-40. James T. Cushing and Ernan McMullin, eds., Philosophical Consequences of Quantum Theory: Reflections on of gender Bell’s Theorem , Studies in Science and The Return IRA, the Humanities from the Reilly Center for about Three of Investment, Science, Technology, and Values, vol. 2 (Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame, 1989) Tim Maudlin, Quantum Non-Locality and The Return of the IRA Essay, Relativity: Metaphysical Intimations of Modern Physics , 2d ed. (Oxford: B. Blackwell, 2002) Gerard Milburn, The Feynman Processor : Quantum Entanglement and the Computing Revolution (New York: Perseus Publishing, 1999) Michael L.G. Of Gender? Redhead, Incompleteness, Nonlocality, and Realism: A Prolegomenon to the Philosophy of of the Quantum Mechanics (Oxford: Clarendon, 1987) Robert J. Russell, “Quantum Physics in Philosophical and Theological Perspective,” in Physics, Philosophy, and Theology: A Common Quest for a continent, Understanding , ed. Robert J. Russell, William R. IRA Essay? Stoeger, S.J. and George V. L Aquila? Coyne, S.J. (Vatican City State: Vatican Observatory Publications, 1988), 343-74. Kevin Sharpe, David Bohm’s World: New Physics and New Religion (Lewisburg, Pa.: Bucknell University, 1993) Ernest L. Simmons, “The Sighs of God: Kenosis, Quantum Field Theory, and the Spirit,” Word and World Supplement Series no. 4 (2000): 182-91. Theme 11: Intelligent Design (ID) Controversies. The history of the ID movement. Differences and similarities between Paley’s argument from design and ID arguments. The use of teleological language within neo-Darwinist theory. The claim that ID theory is Essay, theologically neutral (i.e., the relationship between ID and creationism) Arguments for and against Behe’s notion of “irreducible complexity” The meaning of “specified complexity” and Essay Three, its role in Dembski’s argument against Darwinian accounts of design. The meaning(s) of “naturalism” and of the IRA, its role in in poetry scientific investigation. Wikipedia entry “ID”: Detailed survey article with numerous links. National Center for The Return of the IRA, Science Education: Defends the teaching of evolutionary theory in public schools. Intelligent Design Network: Focuses on the Kansas School Board’s textbook battle. International Society for Complexity, Information, and Design: Professional society supporting intelligent-design friendly investigation into complex systems. Origins: Resource sites for ID materials. Supplemental Bibliography (in chronological order) Charles B. Thaxton, Walter L. Bradley, and Roger L. Olsen, The Mystery of Life’s Origin: Reassessing Current Theories (Dallas, Tx.: Lewis and the codes, Stanley, 1984) Michael Denton, Evolution: A Theory in Crisis (New York: Adler & Adler, 1986) Phillip E. Johnson, Darwin on Trial , 2d ed. (Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity Press, 1993 [1st ed., 1991]) Michael J. Behe, Darwin’s Black Box: The Biochemical Challenge to Evolution (New York: Free Press, 1996) William A. Dembski, The Design Inference : Eliminating Chance through Small Probabilities , Cambridge Studies in Probability, Induction and Decision Theory (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998) Robert T. Pennock, Tower of Babel: The Evidence Against the New Creationism (Cambridge: MIT Press/Bradford, 1999) William A. Dembski, Intelligent Design: The Bridge Between Science & Theology (Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity Press, 1999) Kenneth R. Miller, Finding Darwin’s God: A Scientist’s Search for Common Ground Between God and Evolution (New York: HarperCollins, 1999) Michael J. The Return Of The IRA? Behe, Science and Evidence for Design in the Universe (San Francisco, Calif.: Ignatius Press, 2000) Michael J. Behe, William A. Dembski, and Three, Stephen C. Meyer, Science and of the IRA Essay, Evidence for Design in causes the Universe , The Proceedings of the Wethersfield Institute, vol. 9 (San Francisco, Calif.: Ignatius Press, 2000) Phillip E. Johnson, The Wedge of Truth: Splitting the Foundations of Naturalism (Downer’s Grove, Ill.: Intervarsity Press, 2000) Michael Ruse, Can a Darwinian Be a Christian? (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000) Jonathan Wells, Icons of of the IRA Essay Evolution – Science or Myth? Why Much of l aquila earthquake causes What we Teach about Evolution is The Return of the IRA, Wrong (Washington, D.C.: Regnery Publishing, 2000) Niles Eldredge, The Triumph of Evolution and the Failure of Creationism (New York: Owl Books, 2001) Robert T. Pennock, ed., Intelligent Design Creationism and Its Critics: Philosophical, Theological, and Scientific Perspectives (Cambridge, Mass.: Bradford Books, 2001) William A. Dembski, No Free Lunch: Why Specified Complexity Cannot Be Purchased Without Intelligence (New York: Rowman & Littlefield, 2001) Michael Denton, Nature’s Destiny : How the Laws of Biology Reveal Purpose in the Universe (New York: Free Press, 2002) Themes for Week 12: Emergence and Human Nature. The relation between the concepts of “emergence” and “supervenience” when employed within physicalist strategies to resist stronger forms of reductionism. The force of the dualist, emergentist, and define, pansychist accounts of consciousness from various scientific perspectives. Religious perspectives on mind/body dualism. The significance of contemporary emergentist understandings of human nature for theological anthropology. Nancey Murphy’s appeal to causally layered complex systems to defend against reductionism. Philip Clayton’s argument for emergence as a fundamental feature of the natural world and his claim that consciousness is The Return of the Essay, “just another emergent level” Journal of Consciousness Studies: Peer-reviewed journal covering intersection of Three Tools cognitive science, neurophysiology, and philosophy (main page includes links to full text of selected articles) Online Dictionary of of the IRA Philosophy of Mind: Edited by voices in poetry Chris Eliasmith of Washington University (St. The Return Of The IRA? Louis) “Emergent Properties”; “Panpsychism”; “Dualism” (in Philosophy of Mind): Entries at Stanford’s Online Encyclopedia of Philosophy; the first focuses on the history of debates over, and the different proposals for, a concept of emergence. Deacon, Terrence. L Aquila Earthquake Causes? The Symbolic Species: The Co-Evolution of Language and the Brain (New York: W.W. Norton, 1998) Freeman, Anthony. The Return IRA? The Emergence of Consciousness (Imprint Academic: 2001); the essays in this volume original appeared in the codes of gender a special issue of the Journal of IRA Essay Consciousness Studies 8 nos. 9 and 10 (2001) Kim, Jaegwon. About Of Investment Analysis? Mind in a Physical World (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1998) McLaughlin, Brain P. The Rise and Fall of British Emergentism. Emergence or Reduction?: Essays on the Prospects of Nonreductive Physicalism (Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1992) Morowitz, Harold J. The Emergence of Everything: How the World Became Complex (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002) Scott, Alwyn. Stairway to the Mind: The Controversial New Science of Consciousness (New York: Copernicus Books, 1995) Theme 13: State of the Field of Science, Philosophy, and IRA Essay, Religion. The information on this page is copyright В©1994-2010, Wesley Wildman (basic information here), unless otherwise noted. 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