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Cultures: Egypt, Ancient Near East, Islam, China, India, Japan, Africa, Pre-Columbian America, and gods the Pacific. St Crispin's Day Speech. Click on the topic to see a list of works that apply. (Compiled as a class in 2013. This is not a complete list and gods many more apply in each category.) Power and Tax the Authority Nature (connects to gods of hindu, us as humans, depictions of land/sea/animals) Environmental art (land as material) Scale/proportions Narratives Body as surface Nude Deities Sacred Spaces Family Human Body Realism/Abstraction Historical Record Previous artistic influences Series/cycles Artist intent Patron Installation Social commentary Political commentary (Civil rights movement, women's rights movement) Architecture as sculpture Cultural crossing Architecture as a complex. Propaganda Violence in Art Women in Art Portraits Domestic Space Materials/Techniques Creativity Religion Memorials Text within images Erotic Miniatures Math and science/technology depicted in art Color theory Allegory Art as a vehicle to connect to criminal behaviour definition, the supernatural/ spiritual world Still life Direct historical influences The unconscious Protest Art Drugs Conceptual art Body as medium Digital technology used as a medium Controversial art Art restoration. 2500 Old Kingdom Egypt. 1500 New Kingdom Egypt. 1333 Armana Period Egypt. 900 Geometric Greek. 700 Orientalizing Greek. 480 Severe Greek. 450 Classical Greek. 350 Late Classical Greek. 250 Hellenistic Greek. *Some dates added/changed by gods, Ms. Park. 2 250 Roman Late Empire. 350 Early Christian. 622 Beginning of Islam. 1140 Early Gothic. 1200 High Gothic. 1250 Late Gothic. 1300 Giotto/ Early Ren. 1450 15th c. Italian Ren. 1450 15th c. N. Euro. Sexo Teen. Ren. 1515 High Renaissance. 1550 16th c. N. Euro. Ren. 1650 Counter Ref. Baroque. N. 3 Main Gods Of Hindu. Bourgeois Baroque. N. Criminal Definition. Aristocratic Baroque. 1750 18th c. 3 Main Gods. styles. N. Example. Bourgeois Baroque. N. Aristocratic Baroque. 1750 18th c. styles. 1900 Art Nouveau. 1914 Futurism/German Exp. 1925 Harlem Renaissance. 1930 Surrealism/ Bauhaus. 1930 Mexican Muralists. 1950 Abstract Expressionism. 1960 Pop Art, Happenings. 1980 Post Modernism- present. 10 Content Areas per gods, College Board. (Keep in mind my course contains the same areas but are broken down into various units and lessons) Global Prehistory (4%, 11 works) Ancient Mediterranean (15%, 36 works) Early Europe and Rich Essay Colonial Americas (20%, 51 works) Later Europe and Americas (22%, 54 works) Indigenous Americas (6%, 14 works) Africa (6%, 14 works) West and Central Asia (4%, 11 works) South, East, and SE Asia (8%, 21 works) The Pacific (4%, 11 works) Global Contemporary (11%, 27 works) See the full 250 list. Exam Format- 2 parts each worth 50% Part A: Approximately 8 sets of questions (3 to 6 questions each) based on color images Part B: Approximately 35 individual multiple-choice questions 2 - 30 minute essays - 1 hour. 4 - 15 minute essay questions - 1 hour. * The essay section is 2 hours- YOU manage your own time! **Unless this has been preapproved as an accommodation by gods of hindu, the College Board Services for st crispin's, Students with Disabilities office prior to the exam date. * Double check with your Costa Guidance Counselor first! AP Art History Review: From Prehistory to Modernism including Africa and Asia review slides! 50 vocab words that you should know. 3. Hierarchical scale. 6. Corbelled Vault. 25. Barrel vault. Ms. Park's Tips on Writing Essays and Short Answers. Thoroughly READ the 3 main gods of hindu, prompt first. The language of the tone indian's of indian be described as, question is very key! Then re-read it again and underline important parts. Do not be impulsive. Think first. You have plenty of time to write. Gods Of Hindu. Make notes then start to write. Do not list points (Oh, the irony…) Make run on sentences if you think you’re running out of Rich example, time. Only write in paragraphs. You may number your points but each one must still be in complete points. Organize your response and answer all parts to the prompt in the same order it was asked. Do not write an 3 main, introduction or conclusion paragraph. Spelling and grammar does not count. Do not write anything as fact unless you are 100% sure. MUST INCLUDE FOR EVERY ARTWORK: TITLE/DESIGNATION , NAME OF ARTIST AND/OR CULTURE OF ORIGIN , DATE OF CREATION (DOWN TO AT LEAST THE DECADE), AND MATERIALS USED. Use the rule of three or more: If you mention “the drapery”, what about the drapery and where is it specifically evident in the artwork? For example, if the day speech, prompt asks for gods, evidence of the characteristics of a particular movement or time period, discuss them one at a time as evident in the artwork. St Crispin's Day Speech. Meaning, if mathematical precision is characteristic, point out in the artwork where the mathematical precision is- proportions, linear perspective, golden ratio etc. 3 Main Gods. Be aware of how many artworks/architecture the prompt is asking form. If the prompt says "artwork s " you must include at least two artworks. Reference only ONE artwork unless the prompt specifically asks for behaviour definition, two. You will not receive more points by discussing more artworks. Gods Of Hindu. Choose one good one and analyze the heck out of it. Do not compare and bring in other artworks if the prompt does not specifically ask you to. If it says "compare" then you compare. Remember, language is key!! UNDERLINE titles of paintings and sculptures. Sexo Teen. Architecture is not underlined. You’re still not in gods of hindu the habit of st crispin's, doing this. 3 Main Gods. Do not use architecture if the day speech, prompt asks for "artworks". 3 Main Gods. Only use architecture if it specifically says architecture. Of Indian As. If you choose a global contemporary work to answer the prompt you must clearly connect the gods, artwork back to the artist's cultural origins. If the prompt includes a quote to criminal, respond to, you MUST quote the 3 main gods of hindu, quote. Thank you Dr. Robert Coad for your infinite wisdom and being my art history guru! You're amazing! Thank to my fellow art history colleagues that inspire me every day! Designed and updated by Valerie M. Park © 2013 Feel free to use materials as you like, but kindly give me credit :)

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Hindu Deities - Trimurti The three main forms or manifestations of
First published: 9 December 2004 Full publication history DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-1842.2004.00543.x View/save citation Cited by (CrossRef): 4 articles Check for updates. Alison Alborz, National Primary Care Research and gods, Development Centre, 5th Floor, Williamson Building, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL, UK. E-mail: Objectives:  To develop methods to facilitate the ‘systematic’ review of evidence from a range of methodologies on diffuse or ‘soft’ topics, as exemplified by criminal definition, ‘access to health care’. Data sources:  Twenty-eight bibliographic databases, research registers, organizational websites or library catalogues. Reference lists from identified studies. 3 Main Of Hindu? Contact with experts and st crispin's, service users. Current awareness and contents alerting services in the area of learning disabilities. Review methods:  Inclusion criteria were English language literature from 1980 onwards, relating to gods of hindu, people with learning disabilities of any age and all study designs. The main criteria for assessment was relevance to sexo teen, Guillifords’ model of 3 main of hindu, access to health care which was adapted to day speech, the circumstances of people with learning disabilities. Selected studies were evaluated for 3 main gods of hindu scientific rigour then data was extracted and the results synthesized. Quality assessment was by an initial set of ‘generic’ quality indicators. This enabled further evidence selection before evaluation of findings according to specific criteria for qualitative, quantitative or mixed-method studies. Results:  Eighty-two studies were fully evaluated. Chief Joseph’s Tone Indian's View Can Best Be Described As? Five studies were rated ‘highly rigorous’, 22 ‘rigorous’, 46 ‘less rigorous’ and nine ‘poor’ papers were retained as the 3 main sole evidence covering aspects of the guiding model. The majority of studies were quantitative but used only what is photoreceptors, descriptive statistics. Most evidence lacked methodological detail, which often lowered final quality ratings. Conclusions:  The application of a consistent structure to quality evaluation can facilitate data appraisal, extraction and synthesis across a range of 3 main gods, methodologies in diffuse or ‘soft’ topics. Synthesis can be facilitated further by using software, such as the microsoft ‘access’ database, for managing information. The evidence base to inform methods for carrying out systematic reviews is what developing rapidly. The Health Technology Assessment programme has funded a number of studies to further our understanding of the application of aspects of the systematic review process. 1–4 The growth of the Cochrane Methodology Register, 5 which conducts and monitors this research, also reflects the development of this subject. This is the second of two papers on gods, literature review methodology in diffuse subject areas. The first focused on identification of relevant literature. 6 This paper describes an approach to the evaluation of Essay, quality across research employing different methods, used for a review of a ‘diffuse’ topic—‘access to health care’. As the amount of published research evidence increases exponentially, syntheses of evidence are an important resource in 3 main informing decision making by policy makers, practitioners and is photoreceptors, health service users. 7 The evaluation of literature described here was part of a literature review funded by the National Co-ordinating Centre for Service Delivery and 3 main gods, Organization research programme (NCCSDO), which has itself produced guidance on methods for researching the organization and delivery of health services. 8 The purpose of review in this context is to summarize the what is photoreceptors available evidence to inform decision-making within health care services, while identifying areas where research is of hindu lacking. It is against this background of increased commissioning of literature reviews in diffuse topics 9 that the role of the librarian in the systematic review process is now being highlighted. 10. Literature reviews that examine services must place the research evidence in context. To this end, the review included a consultation (described in st crispin's day speech the first paper 6 ) to gather evidence on barriers to, and facilitators of, access to health care for gods of hindu people with learning disabilities. The challenges in developing systematic review methods include how to incorporate evidence using different research methodologies into tone indian's view affairs", a single review 11 and how to include different types of ‘knowledge’, such as that gathered from consultation, generated to meet the need of stakeholders. 12 We felt it was important to gods, discriminate between different types of ‘evidence’ and ‘knowledge’ as research evidence, in itself, is of limited value unless stakeholders are able to translate it into their own context and use it to support their practice or decision making. Only when this translation has taken place can research evidence be said to have become ‘knowledge’ either tacitly or formally within organizations. Different types of evidence are recognized as being more or less valid, depending on what, their quality and the purpose for which they were gathered. The consultation exercise gathered non-written forms of evidence and was designed to capture the tacit and experiential knowledge of service users. Identification of evidence context is one area where the librarian can make a significant contribution to 3 main, the review process. The concept of ‘access to health care’ is multi-faceted with barriers and facilitators operating both outside and across health services. Capturing the available evidence, therefore, required identification of literature across a range of disciplines, as well as consideration of its concern to a range of stakeholders. St Crispin's Day Speech? Details of the model of access used and search strategy are given in the previous paper. Gods? 6 The full report is is photoreceptors available on of hindu, the SDO website. 13. There are two ways in criminal definition which the rationale for the methods employed in this review differed from a systematic review of effectiveness. Firstly, it was deemed inappropriate to adopt criterion for study design, or ‘hierarchy of evidence’ 14 because research evidence on diffuse topics is 3 main gods likely to reflect a plurality of methods and approaches, in keeping with their multi-faceted nature. We, therefore, made no value judgements about the relative merits of qualitative vs. quantitative method, but reasoned that it was possible and justifiable to not limit evidence to a particular methodological approach or study type. Secondly, as a key purpose of the sexo teen review was to identify gaps in the evidence base and practical interventions to gods of hindu, promote ‘access’, it was important not to exclude research solely on the basis of poor methodological quality. It was acknowledged that such research could be substantive in illuminating the underpinning model, or ‘innovative’ in terms of potential for future service development. A conscious decision was therefore made to balance the ‘signal’ of a publication (i.e. our judgement of its potential value to illuminating access to health care for people with learning disabilities) against its ‘noise’ or poor methodological quality. Rich Essay? 15. Quality evaluation tool development. Critical appraisal of the literature in this review draws on a number of established criteria 16,17 and approaches. 18–20 There is some agreement on the most important elements of 3 main gods of hindu, research that embody methodological and behaviour, epistemological quality that should be appraised to establish the credentials of evidence. In diffuse topics, many titles and/or abstracts retrieved are inadequate, there can be an extensive grey literature and, almost certainly, use of a wide range of methodologies. It is, therefore, preferable to use a parsimonious tool that provides opportunities to decide further analysis is unproductive. The quality evaluation tool described here was designed to incorporate the multifarious nature of research evidence on ‘access to health care’ and provide two opportunities for data rejection before appraisal of findings and final quality rating. Quality evaluation tool summary. Use of the tool is dependent on an adequate appreciation of the issues denoting rigour in qualitative and quantitative research. These are alluded to in the description of 3 main of hindu, this tool, however, the reader is recommended to see the work of Popay, Rogers and Williams 18 and Mays and Pope 19 regarding evaluation of qualitative research, and of development, Gomm 21 for a discussion of the issues affecting quality in quantitative research. Phase 1—paper identifiers and gods of hindu, assessment of relevance. Fields—author(s), title, source, year, study type.  Paper identifiers (noted above) were recorded for every paper. Those not relevant to our model on erik 8 stages of development, examining the full text were discarded and of hindu, the reason noted. Full details of selection criteria are given in the first paper. 6. Phase 2—evaluation of methodological rigour. Part 1. Method—fields: design, aims, participants, instruments.  Methodological details were recorded for remaining papers. The design and other details informed assessment of methodological quality, and enabled the reviewer to interpret the findings in context during synthesis. Adequate description of erik erikson, methodological detail in of hindu research papers is crucial to erik, evaluation of quality. 22. Part 2. Methodological quality indicators—fields: clarity of aims, appropriateness of design, clarity of context/setting description, sampling adequacy, data collection technique adequacy, data analysis techniques adequacy.  These indicators were applied to of hindu, both quantitative and qualitative papers as they have been identified as central to criminal behaviour, methodological rigour in both types of research. 18,19,21. It is a prerequisite of any piece of rigorous research that the aim of the study, hypothesis or research question is clearly stated as this is the yardstick against 3 main gods, which findings are considered. The design of the Rich Essay study should then be capable of providing evidence to answer the question, support or refute the hypothesis. The reader is unable to adequately assess the extent to which findings provide answers to research questions without knowledge of the context within which the research was conducted. 3 Main? Settings may exert significant influence on outcomes. Behaviour? For example, interviews conducted in participants’ own homes may allow more reflective and of hindu, open comment than those either conducted in the high street or in the presence of an authority figure such as their manager, doctor or teacher. Issues of sampling also have a bearing on research outcome. In quantitative research, considerations of statistical power 23 often mean that large numbers of participants must be included in order to detect statistically significant effects. In qualitative research, the absolute number of participants is less significant than the range 18 whose experiences reflect different perspectives on the research subject and therefore allow a more considered analysis of the topic. Methods used to st crispin's, collect data also influence outcome. Face-to-face interview, telephone interview, postal survey, using structured, semi-structured or grounded questioning/interviewing will all produce data, but with varying levels of gods of hindu, detail. Data collection must be appropriate to the aims of the study and Rich example, its participants. Data analysis, therefore, whether conducted on conclusion of data collection, as in 3 main gods much quantitative research, or concurrently, as is common in qualitative research, needs to indian's affairs" as, be appropriate to the sample, type of data collected and the question it is trying to answer. Part 3. Review organisers—fields: area of model, age group, severity of disability.  Details were recorded of which aspects of the model were covered in the paper, participants’ age group and disability range. 3 Main Of Hindu? The review aimed to reflect differences in access to health care across the lifespan and definition, any effect severity of disability had on access. These details were recorded at this point to gods of hindu, aid decisions on the usefulness of including the paper where the indicators showed the study to Tax the, be lacking rigour. The remaining analysis was differentiated by method, however, the overall structure for each section was consistent. Part 1. Key findings.  Findings from the 3 main gods of hindu research paper, relevant to the review topic, were recorded. Part 2. Evaluation of findings by is photoreceptors, method.  Whether the findings connected with existing bodies of knowledge, or generated new research evidence, was considered and gods of hindu, formed the ‘knowledge indicator’. Such connections were considered to behaviour, signify rigour by positioning the findings within the wider evidence base. This involved reflection on the findings and their relation to evidence cited in the introduction to the paper, as well as other ‘bodies of knowledge’ that the reviewer became aware of 3 main of hindu, through the process of review. Quantitative studies were assessed with respect to the aim of the research and particularly whether confounding may offer an alternative explanation to the findings and whether there had been attempts to criminal behaviour, control for, recognize and address, confounding. 20 Confounding occurs where statistical significance, or association, is apparent between an independent and dependent (or outcome) variable, but may in gods of hindu fact be attributable to a third factor, or variable, that is related to both. For example, research may demonstrate a statistical relationship between socio-economic status (SES) and computer literacy amongst 8-year-old children. Further investigation may suggest that an intermediate factor—access to a computer—may mediate the relationship between SES and computer literacy. The research is therefore confounded, as it is unclear whether SES relates to aptitude or opportunity differences between the children. Qualitative research was assessed using established standards 18,19 with particular consideration given to the validity and sexo teen, adequacy of 3 main, studies. This was judged through theoretical and conceptual adequacy—clarity of description, logic of analysis, imagination in interpretation, coherence, fairness, honesty—and transferability of findings. For both types of study, consideration was given to its policy relevance—the extent that the study addresses issues of concern to Tax the Rich, practitioners and policy makers and empowers service users. Part 3. Notes—idiomatic translation.  The quality evaluation tool uses a heuristic approach to the exploration of the literature, rather than rigid criteria. It was designed to include idiomatic translation of findings, to place the gods study within the Rich example wider literature. Notes were therefore made on the focus of the research and 3 main gods of hindu, its fit within the model of access guiding the review, along with other relevant concerns. The literature reflected a wide range of themes, disciplines and paradigms, which represented forms of narrative and therefore issues of audience, language and knowledge. Tax The Essay? This is in keeping with literature synthesis as a form of ethnography where the synthesiser identifies key metaphors and concepts in order to understand competing ‘world views’ of a topic. 24 This section guided final synthesis. Mixed method studies underwent both types of evaluation for their component parts. Final consideration was given to whether these met quality criteria and were adequately integrated. Part 4. Final quality rating.  Taking all the above factors into account, studies were allocated a quality rating as described below. 1 Highly rigorous—all or most quality indicators met including knowledge indicator. 2 Rigorous—main quality indicators met including knowledge indicator. 3 Less rigorous—some lack of methodological detail but knowledge indicator met. 4 Poor—lack of methodological detail and/or knowledge indicator not met. Two researchers were involved in reviewing literature but, given that over 800 papers were identified as potentially relevant and there was a timescale of 1 year, it was not possible for both researchers to review every paper. It was therefore important to ensure that the tool provided a firm structure through which a thorough review would be conducted consistently. The tool was piloted on a sample of six qualitative, quantitative, and 3 main gods, mixed-method papers, to allow reviewer familiarization and evaluate its capacity to capture the dimensions of the publications to be assessed. Comparisons were made between three sets of completed assessments and discrepancies discussed. What Is Photoreceptors? A further three sets of papers were then completed in light of 3 main gods, these discussions to erik 8 stages of development, ensure compatibility between the reviewers in application of the tool. Gods Of Hindu? The pilot phase was brief, but considered adequate, as the reviewers were not expected to conduct their reviews in chief joseph’s in "an indian's of indian affairs" can best isolation. They were able to meet to discuss and learn from discrepancies and generate a consistent method for dealing with future cases. The co-location of the reviewers was an important factor in 3 main being able to conduct data extraction and evaluation in this way. As a result of the pilot exercise, some amendments were made to the tool to extend the number of options for classifying the literature by type, design, age group and disability range. Criminal Behaviour? The number of 3 main of hindu, coding boxes for identifying the areas of the st crispin's day speech model explored by the publication were also increased from three to five. 3 Main Gods Of Hindu? The tool was then converted into a database format using Microsoft ‘Access’ software. The evaluation of all remaining papers was carried out by entering data directly onto the database. Application of the criminal behaviour definition evaluation tool. The tool facilitated ‘funnelling’ of 3 main gods, literature, 22 that is stages of manual scanning and filtering search results to Tax the Rich example, compensate for the lower level of specificity occurring in diffuse topic searches. The process is 3 main gods illustrated in Fig. 2 below. Funnelling of references. *Discarded studies were methodologically poor and covered areas of what, model where more rigorous studies were identified, or they applied to health care in 3 main gods the USA. Stage 1—initial inclusion/exclusion. Stage 1 funnelling was completed during the search phase where inclusion/exclusion criteria were applied to sexo teen, records retrieved from of hindu, databases (titles and abstracts). Of the joseph’s in "an view of indian can best be described 2221 records screened, 839 appeared to meet our criteria. This stage was deliberately over inclusive because we did not wish to exclude relevant papers/publications because of obscure titling or inadequate abstracts (see first paper 6 ). Implementation of ‘quality evaluation’ therefore began in earnest with the consideration of these 839 records. Twelve of the 839 ‘relevant’ publications identified were unobtainable. The reviewers considered the full text of 3 main of hindu, remaining publications. After recording paper identifiers, confirmation was sought that the paper addressed one or more of the areas of the model adopted for Rich Essay example the research. Any publication where the assessor was unsure or doubtful was discussed jointly to agree a status. Six hundred and forty-four publications did not address ‘access’ as defined by our criteria and were abandoned. Stage 3—methodological quality evaluation. Twenty-four of the 183 publications confirmed relevant were reviews. These were read to ensure that papers we had failed to identify were included. Methodological rigour was poor on many of the remaining papers. The audiences for these publications were often practitioners, and evidence cited based on very small samples or anecdotes of gods, experience. St Crispin's? A few studies surviving to this stage addressed access to the insurance-based health care system in the USA and were therefore not included. Papers were read fully and assessed against a ‘generic’ set of methodological quality indicators as described above. This involved considering the background to the investigation, its aims in relation to these issues, and the appropriateness of the methodological and analytical techniques employed. The areas of the model of 3 main of hindu, ‘access’ covered in the study, age groups and disability range were recorded and used to criminal behaviour definition, organize the review in of hindu synthesis. These items were valuable for highlighting ‘gaps’ in research. Papers which scored well on these ‘generic’ quality indicators, and/or those that applied to areas of the model for which no more rigorous literature was identified, proceeded to definition, a detailed evaluation of their findings based on study design. Poor quality papers had their limitations made explicit. Stage 4—method specific quality evaluation. Eighty-two studies were considered of adequate quality and relevance to the ‘access’ model including 15 qualitative, 62 quantitative and gods of hindu, five mixed-method studies. These proceeded to the final stage of evaluation of findings according to specific quality criteria. The data extraction and quality evaluation process included evaluation of the literature using both literal and idiomatic techniques. 24 That is, the main details of each paper were transcribed literally (word for word) from the chief joseph’s in "an can best be described original text onto the quality evaluation pro-forma to 3 main gods of hindu, accurately represent original findings. These were then evaluated in light of the criteria for the study type, as described above and, using idiomatic translation, comments were added on Tax the example, the quality, paradigms and approaches used, comparisons with previously reviewed literature and 3 main of hindu, relationship to the model. Idiomatic translation identifies the underlying ‘meaning’ of the text, from its literal meaning, and has been highlighted as a precursor for synthesizing and interpreting qualitative literature into a new construction or dialectic. 24 Diffuse literature review needs to recognize competing ‘world views’ and evaluate their relevance to the model employed. This translation means that reviewer perspectives, along with the substance of the literature, are reflected in synthesis of findings. This is a feature of literature review in more diffuse, ‘soft’ topics. Final ratings are shown in st crispin's Fig. Gods Of Hindu? 2. Many papers evaluated failed to attain higher ratings as a result of lack of detail on the methodology, which made judgements on confounding, representativeness and transferability difficult. Tax The Rich Essay Example? The nature of the topic meant that statistical analysis in the vast majority of quantitative papers was merely descriptive. 3 Main? Statistical considerations were therefore not critical to evaluation and many of the papers rated ‘less rigorous’ were considered adequate in terms of the soundness of the data on which conclusions were based. Use of a Microsoft ‘Access’ database to manage information generated by Tax the example, data extraction and evaluation proved invaluable. It allowed the reviewer to extract data easily according to areas of the model underpinning the literature review. Equally important, in the light of evidence from the consultation exercise, it enabled us to describe the distribution of the evidence across the model and hence identify ‘gaps’. Time and gods of hindu, effort in converting the hard copy pro-forma to sexo teen, a database format were more than repaid at 3 main of hindu, this stage. The type of literature evaluation described here is increasingly being commissioned to inform decision making on is photoreceptors, future priorities for research, and to gods of hindu, assess the impact of policy 9,25 from a stakeholder perspective. This has implications for the research infrastructure, of which librarians are part, in terms of capacity and skills to respond. Librarians are familiar with literature across a range of st crispin's, methods and disciplines and are therefore well placed to gods, contribute to the evaluation of literature, particularly in identifying and categorizing the different narratives that converge in what is photoreceptors a diffuse topic. Identifying the underlying assumptions, or ontology, on which research is based draws on traditional librarian skills of classifying the literature. 3 Main Gods? The evaluation phase of the literature review required the authors to focus on the content of the evidence gathered during which the librarian identified and categorized the variety of ‘world views’ 24 reflected. Chief Joseph’s Tone Indian's Can Best Be Described As? This facilitated the mapping of the literature. Quantitative papers using parametric statistics, although a small proportion of the studies using this methodology, were evaluated by the first author who has the necessary skills in this area. Critical appraisal of gods, quantitative research and statistical methods has been identified as a skills gap among health librarians. To contribute effectively to all stages of the what is photoreceptors systematic review process, and provide an evidence-based service, it is important that skills are developed in this area. 26. The quality appraisal tool was devised by the first author, drawing on her research experience. However, ensuring the 3 main gods of hindu tool was ‘fit for purpose’ required further development work during the pilot phase as the tool was applied to a variety of Rich Essay, literature. Librarians have done a good deal of work in assisting research users to identify and apply the plethora of quality evaluation tools and checklists available, through the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme 27 (CASP). They can extend this role by contributing to the development and piloting of quality appraisal tools, by using their extensive knowledge of the literature, and by further testing and 3 main of hindu, applying these tools in subsequent literature reviews. To this end, participating in what is photoreceptors all stages of 3 main gods of hindu, a literature review, from the criminal behaviour funding proposal to the dissemination of findings, can provide a vehicle for 3 main of hindu developing the role of the librarian in the health services context. At the same time, their developing research skills will enable them to joseph’s affairs" be described, conduct research both on the services they provide and, as a member of 3 main gods of hindu, a team, on example, research projects. Implications for gods of hindu systematic review methods. Literature reviews of diffuse concepts require additional stages of manual sieving, or ‘funnelling’ data, as final criteria for inclusion only emerge after examining the full range of available literature. 22 A high level of wastage would then seem to be an unavoidable feature of this type of review as many references initially obtained as of potential, or undeterminable, relevance are later discarded on examining the full text. The evaluation of the literature was an criminal intense, iterative process, reflecting the developing literature around quality assessment in qualitative research, which suggests that further criteria refinement may be necessary during evaluation as qualitative research incorporates a wide range of techniques and approaches. 28. The development and piloting of the quality appraisal tool was of 3 main gods, necessity a rapid process. Time limitations also meant the literature had to be divided between the two authors. However, ongoing consultation was conducted as necessary. Given more time, each paper could have been evaluated by both assessors. This would have enhanced the scientific validity of the review findings by enabling calculation of Essay example, inter-rater reliability, and further assessment of the evaluation tool. A common practice in literature review, particularly within short timescales, is for gods of hindu reviewers to take the lead on specific pieces of the overall work, which are later assembled and honed into a complete review. The advantage of researchers reviewing the full range, as opposed to st crispin's, carving out discreet areas of the literature, is the depth of 3 main gods of hindu, knowledge acquired around the topic. As quality appraisal progressed, the reviewers’ understanding of the literature and its relationship to the model of day speech, ‘access to health care’ deepened and they were therefore able to gods of hindu, feed this more rounded or ‘holistic’ view into the synthesis. The authors plan to further test and develop the tool and would encourage other researchers and practitioners involved in reviewing different types of evidence to erikson, provide feedback on its use. In this regard, the section of the evaluation tool entitled ‘Area(s) of the model’ was specific to the research project described here. However, this section is interchangeable and could be replaced with criteria from models or frameworks underpinning any review through which the evidence is to be organized. Finally, this literature review adopted a relativist approach congruent with the multi-faceted nature of of hindu, health care service delivery, recognizing that human activity reveals a wide range of subjective perspectives and narratives. Unlike traditional systematic reviewing, therefore, all methodological perspectives and types of publication were considered valid. Consequently, the findings of this review challenge conventional ways of delivering health services by chief in "an view affairs" can best be described as, identifying both the ‘thick’ and 3 main of hindu, ‘thin’ descriptions 29 of contextual factors that may result in failure to Rich, gain access to services by people with learning disabilities. The authors believe that the value of this approach to literature review is demonstrated by the range and depth of publications identified and gaps in knowledge highlighted. They suggest that it is possible to conduct such reviews systematically, although they do not constitute a ‘systematic review’ in the traditional sense. We thank our colleagues Angela Swallow and of hindu, Caroline Glendinning, all those who participated in the consultation exercise and the NCC SDO for funding this project. A full report of the st crispin's project is gods of hindu available from the NCC SDO website at: The full quality evaluation tool is available on the NPCRDC, University of Manchester website at: •  Participating in the evaluation phase of a literature review is a valuable role that provides skill development opportunities for health librarians. •  Traditional librarian skills of organizing and chief tone in "an indian's view of indian affairs" can best, classifying information can assist in identifying and gods of hindu, mapping underlying themes and components in literature reviews of diffuse topics. •  Librarians need training in both qualitative and quantitative methods, and erik erikson 8 stages, evaluation of research quality to participate in research and become evidence-based practitioners. Issue online: 9 December 2004 Version of record online: 9 December 2004. 1 Moher, D. , Pham, B. , Lawson, M. L. & Klassen, T. P. The inclusion of reports of randomised trials published in 3 main of hindu languages other than English in systematic reviews . Health Technology Assessment 2003 , 7 , 1 – 90 . CrossRef | PubMed | CAS 2 Sutton, A. , Abrams, K. , Jones, D. , Sheldon, T. & Song, F. Criminal Behaviour? Systematic reviews of trials and gods, other studies . Health Technology Assessment 1998 , 2 , 1 – 276 . PubMed | CAS | Web of Science® Times Cited: 2 3 Song, F. , Eastwoood, A. , Gilbody, S. , Duley, L. & Sutton, A. Publication and related biases . Day Speech? Health Technology Assessment 2000 , 4 , 1 – 115 . PubMed 4 Egger, M. , Juni, P. , Bartlett, C. , Holenstein, F. & Sterne, J. How important are comprehensive literature searches and the assessment of trial quality in systematic reviews? Empirical study . Health Technology Assessment 2003 , 7 , 1 – 76 . PubMed | CAS 5 The Cochrane Methodology Register . In: The Cochrane Library . Issue 2. Of Hindu? Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2004 . 6 McNally, R. & Alborz, A. Developing methods for systematic reviewing in health services delivery and organisation: an example from a review of access to health care for people with learning disabilities. Sexo Teen? I. Of Hindu? Identifying the literature . Health Information and Libraries Journal 2004 , 21 , 182 – 93 . Wiley Online Library | PubMed 7 Boaz, A. , Ashby, D. & Young, K. Systematic reviews: what have they got to offer evidence based policy and practice? ESRC UK Centre for Evidence Based Policy and Practice: Working Paper 2. London: ESRC UK Centre for Evidence Based Policy and Practice, Queen Mary, University of London, 2002 . 8 Fulop, N. , Allen, P. , Clarke, A. Rich Essay? & Black, N. (eds). 3 Main Gods? Studying the Organisation and Delivery of Tax the Rich Essay, Health Services Research Methods. London: Routledge, 2001 . Of Hindu? 9 Grayson, L. & Gomersall, A. A difficult business: finding the evidence for social science reviews . ESRC UK Centre for Evidence Based Policy and Practice: Working Paper 19. London: ESRC UK Centre for Evidence Based Policy and Practice, Queen Mary, University of London, 2003 . 10 Beverley, C. , Booth, A. & Bath, P. The role of the information specialist in the systematic review process: a health information case study . Health Information and Libraries Journal 2003 , 20 , 64 – 75 . Wiley Online Library 11 Thomas, J. , Harden, A. St Crispin's? , Oakley, A. , Oliver, S. , Sutcliffe, K. , Rees, R. , Brunton, G. & Kavanagh, J. Integrating qualitative research with trials in systematic reviews . Of Hindu? British Medical Journal 2004 , 328 , 1010 – 2 . St Crispin's Day Speech? CrossRef | PubMed | Web of Science® Times Cited: 52 12 Pawson, R. , Boaz, A. , Grayson, L. , Long, A. & Barnes, C. Types and quality of knowledge in gods of hindu social care . Knowledge Review 3. Behaviour? London: Social Care Institute for gods Excellence, 2004 : 1–83. 13 Alborz, A. , McNally, R. , Swallow, A. & Glendinning, C. From the cradle to the grave . A Literature Review of Access to Health Care for People with Learning Disabilties. Manchester: National Primary Care Research and Deevlopment Centre, University of Manchester, 2003. Available from: 14 Sackett, D. L. , Richardson, W. S. , Rosenberg, W. & Hayes, R. Is Photoreceptors? B. Evidence Based Medicine: How to Practice and of hindu, Teach EBM. New York: Churchill Livingstone, 1997 . 15 Edwards, A. , Russell, I. & Stott, N. Signal versus noise in the evidence base for medicine: an alternative to is photoreceptors, hierarchies of evidence? Family Practice 1998 , 15 , 322 . CrossRef | Web of Science® Times Cited: 22 16 University of Salford, Health Care Practice Research and Development Unit. Evaluation Tool for gods of hindu Quantitative Research Studies 2001. Available from: (accessed 11 August 2004). Rich Example? 17 University of Salford, Health Care Practice Research and Development Unit. Evaluation Tool for Qualitative Research Studies 2001. Available from: (accessed 11 August 2004). 18 Popay, J. , Rogers, A. & Williams, G. Of Hindu? Rationale and sexo teen, standards for the systematic review of qualitative literature in health services research . Qualitative Health Research 2000 , 8 , 341 – 51 . CrossRef | Web of Science® Times Cited: 176 19 Mays, N. & Pope, C. Assessing quality in gods qualitative research . British Medical Journal 2000 , 320 , 52 . Joseph’s Tone In "an View Can Best? CrossRef | Web of Science® Times Cited: 367 20 Reeves, D. , Alborz, A. , Hickson, F. & Bamford, J. Gods? Community provision of hearing aids and related audiology services . Health Technology Assessment 2000 , 4 , 1 – 198 . PubMed | CAS | Web of Science® Times Cited: 3 21 Gomm, R. , Needham, G. & Bullman, A. (eds). Evaluating Research in Health Social Care . London: Open University Press, 2000 . 22 Hawker, S. , Payne, S. Sexo Teen? , Kerr, C. , Hardey, M. & Powell, J. Appraising the evidence: reviewing disparate data systematically . Qualitative Health Research 2002 , 12 , 1284 – 99 . CrossRef | PubMed | Web of Science® Times Cited: 40 23 Cohen, J. Gods? Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences , 2nd edn . What? Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1988 . 24 Noblit, G. & Hare, D. Meta-Ethnography: Synthesizing Qualitative Studies . Newbury Park, California: Sage, 1988 . Gods? CrossRef | Web of Science® 25 Milner, S. , Bailey, C. & Deans, J. ‘Fit for purpose’ health impact assessment: a realistic way forward . Public Health 2003 , 117 , 295 – 300 . CrossRef | PubMed | CAS | Web of Science® Times Cited: 4 26 Booth, A. & Brice, A. Clear-cut? Facilitating health librarians to in "an of indian be described, use information research in practice . 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