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The Later Works of John Dewey, Volume 3, 1925 - 1953: 1927-1928,
academic essay on motivationThe Academic Essay. The academic essay is merely a specific writing genreas is the love letter, newspaper editorial, or pop-fiction. As a genre, it functions within a set of norms, rules, and conventions. The purpose of this discussion is to make clear to you what those rules and norms are, and how to use them to express your argument clearly. The purpose of the academic essay is to persuade by reasoned discourse. Scholars use the essay amongst themselves to Progressive advance ideas. Its value as an instructional tool is to assist students in developing their critical thinking skills. As you recall, critical thinking is defined as: the ability to read theory accurately, appropriate it meaningfully, apply it independently, generate results based on that application, analyze the Essay on The Protagonist ShakespeareВґs, results, and form a clear argument based on those results that can be defended with a specific line of Essay about Progressive reasoning. A good academic essay engenders this process and clearly demonstrates that the process has been performed successfully. Suicide Affect Essays? With this in mind let's examine how to Essay Progressive Preference write an academic essay. Do you frequently find yourself struggling with the introduction to your essays? Do you not know how to begin the essay? Do you find yourself searching for a generalizing statement that will get things going, and trying to find a delicate balance between BS'ing and saying something meaningful? If so, that's because you are not following the norms for the introduction to the academic essay. Following this norm actually makes introductions a piece of dippin dots cake and Essay, gets you right into the body of the essay. Here is the norm: The purpose of the introduction is two-fold: 1. Genetic Definition? To introduce the theoretical framework that will guide your analysis. 2. About Progressive? To introduce the thesis statement that will organize your paper. Following this norm allows you to cut to dippin dots franchise the chase. No more generalizing statements of philosophical speculation that you venture forth hoping that it won't get shot down. You know, crap like "Hemingway was perhaps one of the most visionary authors of his time. " or "The Western is perhaps the most uniquely American of all the genres. " Rather, if the Preference, purpose of the essay is to demonstrate that you have appropriated a theory and applied it independently to produce results, then the Society?, function of the introduction becomes more focused: to introduce the theoryor theoretical frameworkthat you have decided to use. Hence you will find that many essays begin with such statements as "In his book. " Or, "In her essay. " IMPORTANT NOTE: One of the Essay about Progressive Preference, main reasons that the of finance business, norm of the Introduction developed this way is because of an important rule of the Academic Essay: Avoid making statements that you cannot prove. The problem with the Essay, generalizing/philosophical/BS'ing statements like "Hemingway. " and "The Western. " is de lassalle that they cannot be proven through reasoned discourse. Moreover, to even try and do so would require voluminous amounts of discourse for something that is not even your thesis: what you actually ARE setting out to prove. As a result, the Essay about Progressive Preference, genre of the Academic Essay has evolved into the above norm. It still meets an introduction's purpose of dots orienting the reader, it just does so in a very specific manner. Having accomplished that, the expectation for Essay Preference an essay is that you will introduce a thesis statement that is directly related to that theoretical framework (or its application). As a result, a major convention of the academic essay is that: The introduction ends with the thesis statement. Having stated a thesis, you are expected to then go and prove it through the body of the essay. That said, it is v guildford important to discuss what's at stake in Essay about Progressive Preference making a thesis statement. V Guildford? There are four basic logical forms for a thesis statement: A banal thesis statement. A simple thesis statement. A complex thesis statement. An impossible thesis statement. Let's discuss each of these quickly before moving on. A banal thesis statement is a statement that does not really say anythingit is in fact meaningless because it is either so overly general or so evident as to not be of Essay about significance. Here's an example from literature. A frequent argument students will make is "This author used symbolism to make his point." The statement, however, is meaningless precisely because it is not of significance: every author writing literature uses symbolism of one kind or another, either using language metaphorically or metonymically. Thus, to attempt to v guildford single out or make a distinction of a piece for using "symbolism" is to not say anything that even needs proving to begin with. A simple thesis statement is Progressive not quite what it may sound like. A simple thesis statement means that only one main point or argument is Affect going to be proved. The term "simple argument" can thus be misleading because the Essay about Progressive Preference, argument itself can and frequently is very theoretically sophisticated. What makes them simple is franchise that in terms of their logical structure, they only take on one line of proof, and hence, their organization of Preference proof will be simple. One has to sources business be careful, however, because sometimes one main argument may require SEVERAL supporting arguments. The example here would be the argument that "Star Wars belongs within the Western Genre." Here the about Progressive Preference, writer has only one thing to prove, but in order to do so will have to establish the elements that comprise the Western Genre and demonstrate how the film embodies them--not a small task. Simple thesis statements are eminently preferable in in food terms of writing an essay for a course. It allows you to focus on your points and your proofs rather than getting lost in the organization of your arguments. A complex thesis statement means that the Progressive Preference, thesis has more than one point to prove. In this respect, the genetic determinism definition, essay will have to organize more than one line of reasoning in so far that more than one thing has to Essay Progressive be proven. Complex theses are not necessarily more theoretically sophisticated than simple thesis statements, they are only more difficult to organize clearly. In this respect, they are not worth what they entail and should be avoided. An example of a complex thesis statement would be something like: "Faulkner's novels critique the ideologies of patriarchy and racism." This would be an appropriate analysis for the work of Faulkner, but I'm not sure it would be worth it. To begin with, it is not clear what the writer has to gain in terms of proving BOTH of these aspects of the work rather than just the one. Instead, with this complex thesis, there are going to be long sections of the de lassalle, essay where half of what needs to be proved will be left suspended while the Essay Progressive Preference, other half gets discussed. In addition, the thesis picks "the work" of Faulkner which necessitates discussing every book, rather than just one. Thus it is that an important convention of the academic essay is How Does Affect Society? that: A complex thesis statement can usually be restructured into a more theoretically sophisticated (if not interesting) simple thesis statement. Making an Argument. As stated earlier, the academic essay is an exercise in reasoned persuasion. In this respect, the thesis statement is an important organizational structure insofar as it establishes how the Preference, rest of the de lassalle, essay will be organized. Classical logic maintains that there are 3 basic kinds of persuasive statements: statements of fact, statements of value (or evaluation), and Progressive Preference, statements of policy (or action, which argue what we should do). Unless otherwise specified, the first of these, the statement of fact, is the form that the thesis statement for an academic essay should takethe obvious exception being when you write evaluative criticism (which you will NEVER do in my course). Statements of fact can themselves be grouped into two basic forms: arguments of classification, and arguments of operation or function. It is possible to make other distinctions, like for example, arguments of relationship (how to things relate to dots franchise each other) but these distinctions can be readily subsumed into these two basic groups. Arguments of classification are when you establish some sort of criteria, and Essay Preference, then argue that something meets or fails to meet that criteria. The earlier example that "Star Wars belongs within the Western Genre" is an example of an argument of classification. Having established what comprises the de lassalle, Western Genre, the writer will then go on to prove how Star Wars embodies, contains, or possesses those elements. The writer will, in other words, prove that Star Wars meets that criteria. Arguments of Essay Preference operation or function argues in terms of How Does Teen Suicide Affect Essays what something does, or how it functions. The earlier argument that "Faulkner's work critiques the Preference, ideology of patriarchy" is an example of function. Determinism? This statement argues that Faulkner's work DOES something: it criticizes the ideology of patriarchy. Note that unlike the argument of about Preference classification, the writer of this essay SEEMS to have to do more to prove their thesis. They will not only have to define what the ideology of patriarchy isand thus establish criteriathey will also have to Essay on The Othello demonstrate that Faulkner's work DOES something with that criteria. The question of HOW leads to a discussion of the body of the essay. The Body of the Essay. From a conceptual standpoint, the function of the body of the essay is to prove the thesis statement laid out in the introduction. Easy enough. This section discusses how the writer accomplishes that proof. In the discussion of types of argument, I made the point that the Essay about Progressive, writer will have to establish criteria that can be used to of finance prove their argument. The body of the essay is the location where the writer accomplishes that. An introduction is about Preference precisely that: It INTRODUCES the theoretical framework and the thesis statement. Of Finance? It does not DESCRIBE or DISCUSS these two things. This is a fairly common mistake that beginning essay writers make. They fear that they have not said enough in Progressive the intro and as a result, go on to discuss aspects of sulfites their theory or elaborate on a thesis. The problem with doing so is about that it screws up your organization. What comes next is no longer clear to the reader. If you keep it clear to yourself that the purpose of the introduction to your essay is to only INTRODUCE your theoretical framework, and your thesis statement, then the function of the body of your essay will also become evident to the reader. They will expect you to establish criteria so that you can prove your thesis. As a result, another important norm of the academic essay is: A primary function of the body of the essay is to establish the criteria by which the thesis statement will be proven. Thus it is that having argued that Star Wars is a Western, the body of the paper is dippin going to have to first establish the elements that comprise the Westernit will have to Progressive establish the criteria by which the thesis can be proven. To argue that Faulkner's work criticizes thee ideology of patriarchy is v guildford going to require that the writer establish what the ideology of Essay Progressive Preference patriarchy is. Establishing the criteria by which the thesis statement will be proven leads to the next logical step: demonstrating how the object under investigation meets those criteria. Clearly it is not enough for the Faulkner essayist to just define what the ideology of patriarchy is. Their thesis is that Faulkner's work criticizes that ideology. As a result, they will have to point to specific things within the text and argue that they relate to those criteria IN A SPECIFIC WAYin this case through a process of dippin criticism. Essay About Preference? This process of relating the object of investigation back to the established criteria is another fundamental component of the body of the essay. Without it, the de lassalle v guildford, proof is about Progressive Preference not complete. As silly as that sounds, I kid you not that the most frequent mistake of beginning essay writers is a failure to relate their analysis back to the criteria they have established. Thus it is that another important norm for the academic essay is: Relate the dippin dots, analysis back to the terms and concepts of the established criteria. The Star Wars example brings up another fundamental logical task to this process. From the beginning you have probably thought the Star Wars thesis to Essay about not be very feasible. The film is Essay on The Protagonist in Willima ShakespeareВґs not set in the West, and it occurs in the future. The question becomes, however, whether these are ESSENTIAL criteria to the Western, and if not, what is? In terms of proving that thesis statement, the writer is going to Preference have to clearly establish what the elements of the Western Genre are, and definition, then relate aspects of the film back to ALL of those criteria. Herein lies the essential importance of "completeness" to that process. If the Star Wars writer establishes the criteria but can only point to the "gun-fighting" that occurs in Essay Progressive Preference the film, then their essay will fail to persuade. Their essay will fail to persuade precisely because it inadequately addresses the scope of the criteria. Thus it is that another important norm for this process is: Fully address the established criteria. It is very important to note that fully addressing the scope of the criteria does NOT mean that the object under discussion has to fully meet ALL the criteria. Teen Suicide Affect? To stick with the Star Wars example, the writer can not IGNORE the Essay about Progressive, issue of dippin dots setting and even remotely hope to about Progressive persuade the audience. In some way, the writer is going to have to address the How Does Suicide Affect Society?, fact that both time and place are out Essay about Preference of the bounds of the of finance business, Western. This is the point precisely. The author will have to ADDRESS that pointthose criterianot necessarily MEET those criteria. In this respect, the writer is going to have make a supporting argument about how these criteria relate to each other in terms of comprising the genre (or in a logical sense "the whole"). The important point is that all criteria are addressed adequately. Failure to address any of the established criteria creates a gap in logic. Essay Progressive Preference? Subsequently, the in food, reasoning process (and its ability to persuade) fails. Fully relating the Essay about Preference, object of the thesis to the established criteria fulfills the logical requirements necessary to persuade reasonably and allows the writer to draw conclusions. Before that process is discussed, however, it is sources of finance business necessary to examine an important component of this "relating back" process. The Role of Description. Relating "the object of investigation" or the "object of the thesis" back to the established criteria is necessarily going to involve description. Description is frequently an unclear and thorny issue for writers of the academic essayespecially in terms of scope (how much is enough?). The purpose of description, however, clarifies the issue of scope. The purpose of Essay description to is to make clear, or establish WHAT in the object of investigation (the film, the scene, the shot) relates to the criteria being used. Genetic Determinism? It therefore becomes important for the writer to use description in such a manner as to establish the basis of the relationship between the object and the criteria. Furthermore, the writer should LIMIT description to accomplishing only this task. Added description is not only superfluous, but distracts from Essay about trying to prove your argument. As a result, another important norm for dippin dots the body of the Progressive Preference, academic essay is: Subordinate description to the purpose of analysis. As stated above the process of fully relating the object of the thesis to the established criteria has the effect of fulfilling the logical requirements. It is THAT task which ultimately persuades, not the conclusion itself. It is for this reason that, in some respects, the conclusion does not seem to have a FUNDAMENTAL role in the process of reasoned persuasion. That in itself probably accounts for how many dopey "tips" exist for what to do with a conclusion, like: repeat the thesis statement (like people have forgotten it despite the fact that you've been working to prove it the entire time) or some other such thing. What to do with a conclusion if the work of proof is already done? The most effective thing to do with a conclusion is to first signal that the work is dippin franchise coming to close, and then close off the discussion itself by stating something definitive about the work. Like the introduction, then, the conclusion has a dual role: to signal the transition to closure, and to close the discussion with a definitive statement. The work of the about Progressive Preference, conclusion should reference the thesis, without necessarily repeating the thesis (or the steps by which it was proven) It should then say something definitive that signals closure by pointing to the implications of what you've discussed, by amplifying what you've discussed, or by How Does Teen Suicide Society? contextualizing what you've discussed. In each case, you are striving to close discussion by being definitive, and Essay about Preference, you are taking caution not to violate rule #1 of the academic essay: avoid statements that you cannot prove. To stay with the in food, running examples, the Essay about Progressive, conclusion to genetic determinism definition the Faulkner paper could look something like this: ". it therefore serves as an example of how literary texts structure their criticisms of dominant ideologies." (pointing to the implications of proving your argument). "Thus, far from being a "portrait of its time" Faulkner's work demonstrates that literary works actively engage ideologies." (amplifying your argument) "Rather than a story centered exclusively on war, Hemingway's novel instead participates in the reinforcement of dominant ideologies with American culture." (Contextualizing the argument) Note that the similarity here is how definitive these statements are. They draw upon the work that has been done, but say something different and final that is logically based upon what has been discussed. There are, of course, variations on Essay about Progressive Preference, the genre of the academic essay--some rather large difference exist, for determinism definition example, between the social sciences and the humanites. This discussion is based on about Preference, the humanties approach. Other variations can result from the idiosyncracies of specific instructors. To the degree that what is Protagonist in Willima ShakespeareВґs Othello written here sounds heavy handed and inflexible, I caution instead that such tone is trying to reflect the manner in which your own analysis and writing will need to Essay about Progressive Preference sound precise and rigorousthe standards by which the academic essay is evaluated. The precision and rigor with which these norms and conventions are applied should function only to demand that your own analysis and reason engender these standards. They are thus meant to elevate your thinking, not control it. The principles by which the academic essay structures itself is designed to be a discipline that frees your thinking, not subjugate it. Within its conventions is unlimited creative potential whose only demand, ultimately, is that you say something meaningful that others can be persuaded of via your logic. What I have attempted to definition do here is make the Essay about Preference, norms and conventions of the genre explicit so that you can refine your skills working within it. Mastering this genre has the dippin franchise, benefit of developing your skill to analyze situations using explicit criteria, and be able to about make decisions based on that analysis. More than a few people have found that possession of such a skill is in food invaluable in life and professional endeavors.
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Progressive Preference Essay - 2678 Words - brightkite comClick on the highlighted text to see the Essay about Preference comments. Computer systems computer systems. This report investigates the in food current state of scanner technology and examines the predicted future advancements of scanners. A brief history of the scanner and its operation is Essay about initially outlined. On The Protagonist In Willima ShakespeareВґs Othello! The discussion then focuses on the advantages and limitations of the five main types of scanners in common use today: drum, flatbed, sheet-fed, slide, and hand held scanners. The performance of about Progressive Preference these scanners is examined in relation to four main criteria: resolution, bit-depth, dynamic range and software. It is concluded that further technological advances in these four areas as well as the deployment of new sensor technology will continue to improve the of finance business quality of scanned images. It is also suggested that specialised scanners will increasingly be incorporated into other types of Essay Progressive Preference technology such as digital cameras. The purpose of this report is to genetic, survey the current state of scanner technology and to briefly discuss predicted advancements in the field. By examining a range of recently published journal articles, magazine articles and internet sites on the topic of scanners this report describes the main types of Essay about Preference scanners in of finance business, common use today and Essay about Progressive examines their performance in relation to four criteria: resolution, bit-depth, dynamic range and determinism definition software. The report then considers the effect of further technological advances in these four areas, as well as the about Preference deployment of new sensor technology on the future development of scanners. The first scanner, initially referred to Essay on The Protagonist in Willima, as a 'reading machine', was developed in 1960 by Jacob Rabinow, a Russian born engineer. Essay About! The device could scan printed material and then compare each character to a set of standards in a matrix using, for the first time, the "best match principle" to determine the original message (Blatner, Fleishman and Roth 1998, p.3). This reading machine was to de lassalle, form the basis for Essay, the development of current scanning, sorting and processing machines. An early improvement on the reading machine was the drum scanner. These scanners used a type of scanning technology called photomultiplier tubes (PMT) . Drum scanners are still used in industry today because of the high quality images they produce. The development of smaller, more economical scanners such as desktop scanners and scanners for domestic use followed the drum scanner as the number of computer users increased and computer technology advanced. Scanners can now capture images from a wide variety of dippin two and three dimensional sources. These images are converted to digitised computer files that can be stored on a hard-drive or floppy disk. With the aid of specific software, these images can then be manipulated and enhanced by the user. It is now possible to deploy electronic acquisition to Essay, create an entire layout (including all graphic elements) from the same computer. This means manual stripping is no longer required (Scanners, digital cameras and photo CDs 2000). Scanners are considered an invaluable tool for adding graphics and text to documents and have been readily adopted by both business and domestic users. A scanner is a device that uses a light source to electronically convert an de lassalle, image into binary data (0s and 1s). This binary data can then be used to store the scanned image on a computer. A scanner recreates an Essay Progressive, image by using small electronic components referred to as the scanner's 'eyes' (Scanner tips 2000). The type of 'eyes' used in today's scanners are charge-coupled devices (CCD) and photomultiplier tubes (PMT). These electronic eyes measure the amount of light reflected from individual points on the page and translate it to sulfites in food, digital signals that correspond to the brightness of Essay Progressive each point (Englander 2000). To create a file on the computer that represents a colour image, the sulfites in food scanner divides the Essay about Progressive Preference image into a grid with many individual points called pixels or picture elements (Scanner tips 2000). A scanning head, termed a row of 'eyes', reads over the grid and assigns a number to each pixel based on the main colour in that pixel, using green, blue and red. For example an aqua pixel would be saved as a number to represent the proportion of blue, green and red which represents the colour aqua (Scanners, digital cameras and photo CDs 2000). There are five main types of scanners in common use today: drum scanners, flatbed scanners, sheet-fed scanners, slide scanners, and hand held scanners. Drum scanners were widely used in the past, however they are much less commonly used today due to advances in scanner technology. As a result of their expense, these machines are primarily used by professionals in industry, where they are considered important due to the high-end quality image they produce and because they use PMT technology which is more sophisticated than charge-coupled devices (CCDs) and contact image sensor's (CISs). Drum scanners are difficult to operate and technicians operate these scanners by placing the item to be scanned on a glass cylinder rotating at high speeds around the sensor (Sullivan 1996). The most popular scanners for general use are flatbed scanners. This type of scanner is dots franchise highly versatile because it is able to scan flat objects as well as small three dimensional objects. Flat-bed scanners operate by placing the Essay about Progressive Preference item to be scanned on a glass window while scanning heads move underneath it. A transparency adapter is used to scan transparent originals such as slides or x-rays, and determinism an automatic document feeder is available for scanning large numbers of documents (Scanner tips 2000) . Sheet-fed scanners have grown in popularity in recent years, particularly for small office or domestic use as they are reasonably priced, can scan full-sized documents and Essay are compact, requiring limited desk space (Scanner tips 2000). Most models of sheet-fed scanners have an inbuilt document feeder to overcome the problem of manually feeding one sheet of paper at a time. Business! However the actual process or scanning with a sheet-fed scanner may result in distortion as the image to be scanned moves over the scanning heads (Scanner tips 2000). A further limitation of sheet-fed scanners is that they are unable to scan three dimensional objects. This type of scanner is about used to scan items such as slides that need careful handling during scanning. Unlike other scanners, the dots franchise scanning heads in Essay about Preference, slide scanners do not reflect light from the image, but rather pass light through it. This enables these scanners to produce superior results without distortions caused by reflective light. To be able to scan small and detailed items, these scanners have a large number of eyes on the scanning head which produces a high quality result. Slide scanners tend to be more expensive and less versatile than flatbed and sheet-fed scanners as they are limited to only scanning slides and film. These scanners, however, are well suited to users requiring high quality scans of large numbers of slides (Scanner tips 2000). Hand held scanners are compact, portable scanners which are simply dragged across a page manually to of finance, capture an image. These scanners are easy to use and economical to purchase; however, their use is limited to Essay about Progressive Preference, text of up to four inches in diameter that does not require a high resolution. For this reason, hand held scanners are unsuitable for colour images. A further disadvantage of hand held scanners is that the user must have a steady hand when scanning or the resulting image will be distorted (Scanner tips 2000). The performance of a scanner can be examined in relation to four main criteria: resolution, bit-depth, dynamic range and software. Resolution is Teen Society? Essays a measure of how many pixels a scanner can sample in a given image. It is used to describe the amount of detail in an image (Figeiredo, McIllree and Thomas 1996). Essay About Progressive! Higher resolution scanners are generally more expensive and produce superior results as they have a greater capacity to capture detail. Scanners have two types of resolutions: optical resolution and genetic determinism interpolated resolution. Optical resolution, or hardware resolution, is a measure of how many pixels a scanner can actually read. A current model desktop scanner typically has a resolution of 300 x 300 dots per inch (dpi) (Anderson 1999) . Progressive Preference! This means that this scanner has a scanning head with 300 sensors per inch, so it can sample 300 dpi in one direction and 300 dpi in the other direction by stopping the scanning head 300 times per dots inch in both directions. Essay About Progressive Preference! Some scanners stop the scanning head more frequently as it moves down the page, giving an optical resolution of 300 x 600 dpi; however, scanning more frequently in one direction does not improve the result of the scan. De Lassalle! The basic requirement for scanning detailed images and line art from photos or other printed originals is an optical resolution of Essay Progressive Preference 600 dpi. When scanning slides and negatives the minimum optical resolution is in Willima 1200 dpi. Interpolated resolution measures the number of pixels a scanner is Essay about Progressive Preference able to predict. A scanner can turn a 300 x 300 dpi scan into genetic, a 600 x 600 dpi scan by looking in-between scanned pixels and guessing what that spot would have looked like if it had been scanned. This prediction is then used to insert new pixels in between the actual ones scanned. This technique is Essay about less precise than optical resolution; however it assists in improving the enlargement of scanned images. Bit depth refers to Essay on The Protagonist in Willima ShakespeareВґs, the amount of information that a scanner records for each pixel when converting an Essay about, image to digital form. Scanners differ in the amount of data they record for each pixel within an of finance business, image. The simplest kinds of about Preference scanners only record data related to black and white details and have a bit depth of 1 (Anderson 1999). The minimum bit depth required for scanning photographs and documents is 24-bits, while slides, negatives or transparencies need a scanner with at least 30-bits. Thus for in food, a scanner to Essay Preference, produce a high quality scan with colour, a higher bit depth is required. In general, current scanners have a bit depth of 24, which means that 8 bits of information can be collected for the three primary colours used in scanning; blue, red and green (Anderson 1999). Essay On The Protagonist In Willima! This high resolution allows scanners to produce images close to photographic quality. Dynamic range refers to the measurement of the range of tones a scanner can record on a scale of 0.0 to about Progressive Preference, 4.0, with 0.0 being perfect white and 4.0 being perfect black. Determinism Definition! Colour flat-bed scanners usually have a dynamic range of 2.4. A range of this measurement is unable to provide high quality colour scans. A dynamic range of 2.8 and 3.2 is suited to about Preference, professional purposes and can be found in high-end scanners. An even higher dynamic range of 3.0 to 3.8 can be provided by drum scanners. A scanner, like any type of de lassalle hardware, requires software. Typically the two most common pieces of software provided with scanners include optical character recognition (OCR) and image editing software. Essay Progressive! Optical character recognition software translates the on The Protagonist in Willima information recorded in a scan, tiny dots, into a text file which can be edited. Image editing software allows the tones and colours of an image to be manipulated for better printing and display. Image editing also gives filters to apply special effects to scanned images. The quality of scanned images is constantly improving as characteristics such as resolution, bit-depth and dynamic range are enhanced and about Progressive further developed. More sophisticated image editing and Protagonist in Willima Othello optical character recognition software development is also resulting in superior quality scans. Future advances are expected to result in the incorporation of specialized scanners into other types of technology such as the recently developed digital camera. This device allows the user to Preference, take pictures of three-dimensional objects much like a regular camera, except that instead of using film, the objects are scanned by the camera in genetic determinism, a similar process to the functioning of a flatbed scanner. The relatively new area of sensor technology in about Progressive Preference, the form of a contact image sensor (CIS) (see Appendix 1) is expected to improve the functionality of scanners and the quality of images as it "replaces the cumbersome optical reduction technique with a single row of sensors" (Grotta and Wiener 1998, p. 1). Developers have already been able to produce a CIS scanner which is thinner, lighter, more energy efficient and cheaper to manufacture than a traditional CCD base device. Essay! However, the quality of the scan is about Progressive Preference not as good as its counterparts. Genetic Determinism! Further development of CIS technology is needed to improve image quality and colour, and to address the problem of a limited 300 or 600 dpi. This report has identified five types of scanners currently available. Some are primarily used for professional purposes such as the drum scanner; others are used more broadly in the workplace and home such as flatbed scanners and to a lesser extent sheetfed scanners. Scanners for specialized purposes have also been identified such as slide and about Preference handheld scanners. The performance of these scanners is dependent upon their resolution, bit-depth, dynamic range and software. De Lassalle V Guildford! Scanners have improved significantly in recent years in terms of Essay about Preference weight, size, price and speed, and the replacement of CCD technology with CIS technology is anticipated to produce further benefits to these areas as well as to scan quality. Determinism! The impact of these improvements is about expected to increase the accessibility of scanner technology to sulfites, a wider range of users and Essay about Progressive Preference its suitability for a wider range of purposes. In relation to this, the future of scanner technology seems to point to the convergence of different technologies. Specialized scanners are currently being incorporated into other types of technologies such as digital cameras, printers, and photocopiers. This can be expected to continue with other forms of technology in conjunction with further improvements to image quality, speed, price, size and weight. Anderson, D. The PC Guide. [http:www.pctechguide.com/18scanners.htm]. Blatner, D., Fleishman, G. Roth, G. (1998) Real world scanning and halftones 2nd edition, Peachpit Press, USA. Englander, I (2000). The Architecture of computer hardware and systems software. John Wiley, USA, p272. Figeiredo, J. McIllree, J. Thomas, N. (1996) Introducing information technology 2nd edition Jacaranda Press, Singapore, p145. Grotta, D. and Weiner, S. What's now . What's next. [http://www.zdnet.com/pcmag/features/scanners98/intro.html] PC Magazines 20 October 1998. 8/4/00. Prepress, scanners, digital cameras and photoCDs. [http://www.prepress.pps.com/mem/lib/ptr/scanners.html] 1998. Franchise! 6/4/00. Scansoft scanner tips [http://www.scannercentral.com/scanners/tips/tips1.asp] 2000.6/4/00. Sullivan. M. Progressive! Types of scanners. Teen Suicide! [http://hsdesign.com/scanning/types/types.html] 1996. 8/4/00. Clear statement of the four criteria used in the report to assess the technology. About! Appropriately mentions an important aspect of future enhancements - sensor technology, as well as other aspects of ShakespeareВґs Othello future scanning technology. The comment on the quality of scanned images could be extended to include other desirable improvement outcomes; for example, faster scanning or 3D scanning. States the purpose and outlines the content of the report succinctly at the start. Historical background is then provided. This level of detail should be placed in Section 2 'How Scanners Work'. Essay About Preference! Try to avoid repeating ideas in the body of the report by grouping ideas on the same topic or subtopic together. Good comment - provides an overall picture. It would be more appropriate to discuss such detailed aspects of scanning in the body of the Protagonist ShakespeareВґs report rather than the introduction. When a technical term such as this is Essay about used it should be explained and genetic determinism definition related to the previous sentence(s). This paragraph presents a clear definition of how a scanner works. The student's understanding of the concept is about Preference evident because the definition has been clearly expressed in the student's own words and the sources of the definition have been acknowledged. The student has used information from only one source for Sections 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, and 3.5. This has severely limited the content of these sections of the de lassalle v guildford report. This paragraph provides a good description of this criteria in Essay about Preference, simple clear language. It would be better to use a more recent reference here. A 1999 reference which states this is "current" typical resolution in an essay written in 2002 is inappropriate - computer technology develops very quickly. This concept is poorly explained. The student needs to express the determinism definition main point in more detail. The ideas in Progressive Preference, this paragraph are well expressed; however the source of these ideas has not been provided. Suicide Affect! The student needs to provide references. The concept of 'dynamic range' has not been sufficiently explained here. The student needs to provide further detail and to provide references to the sources of information used. As in the previous paragraph, the Essay Progressive Preference concept has not been sufficiently explained. Further detail is required, especially in relation to the current capabilities and limitations of the software. References to franchise, the sources used are also required here. This sentence is too general. It would be better to include more specific information about the about kind of enhancements being referred to. This paragraph provides an appropriate amount of detail. Significant improvements to the field are identified in definition, a brief discussion of new technology. However the student has again omitted references to the sources used in the discussion. This conclusion presents a brief summary of the main ideas that have been established in the report. Unfortunately, it typifies the limitations of the Essay about Progressive Preference report; that is, the content is too general - more specific detail is required. A further improvement would be to on The in Willima ShakespeareВґs, provide more detail on how the Essay Preference current state and future position of scanner technology is related to the broader field of computer technology. WARNING - do not use this reference list as a model! The number of sources used in an assignment depends on the quality of the sources - their currency, reliability, and the amount of of finance relevant information. This reference list consists of 8 sources: 3 books, 1 magazine, and 4 commercial web sites. It does not meet the requirements of the assignment description. One source is Essay about Preference used for a number of sections in sulfites in food, the report. The reference list needs to include several academic journal articles and more magazine articles. This would enable a wider range of opinions and about Progressive ideas to be included. For this report, it is best to only use commercial web sites published by major manufacturing companies which provide technical and educational information rather than online shopping or reseller sites, or sites developed by individuals. Content and layout: The citations need to include appropriate details, and to be punctuated according to the Harvard Referencing System. For example, the country (USA) has been provided as the place of publication in a number of citations instead of the genetic definition name of a city or town, the copyright dates of many of the web sites has not been included, and the inclusion of a page number for a book (p.145) is not necessary in the reference list (it is required in the text if the student is making a direct quote). The use of punctuation in this reference list is inconsistent and not always appropriate. Problems? Questions? Comments? Please provide us feedback.