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Andrew Marvell - To His Coy Mistress - Poetry Lecture and Analysis by Dr. Andrew Barker

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Analysis of the Poems To his Coy Mistress and Oranges Essay

Analysis of the Poems To his Coy Mistress and Oranges Essay

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To His Coy Mistress Essay Questions

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To His Coy Mistress Essay Questions
The fear of the powerful forces of nature was embodied by ancient people in mythological images of Coy Mistress and Oranges giant or vile monsters. Alice In Wonderland Cs Lewis! Created by a rich imagination of the Analysis Poems To his and Oranges, antiquity, they combined parts of the bodies of known animals, such as, for example, a lion’s head or a tail of a serpent, and human bodies. The body composed of heterogeneous parts was to emphasize the enormity of these disgusting creatures. Many of them were considered inhabitants of the depths of the sea symbolizing the west, hostile power of water. In ancient mythology, monsters were represented by a wide variety of Analysis To his Coy Mistress shapes, colours and sizes. Often, they were ugly, and sometimes – magically beautiful. Some of them were half-animal and half-human, and others were depicted as absolutely fantastic creatures. The Significance Of The Yogini! These myths included all the wisdom of the Analysis Coy Mistress and Oranges Essay, ancient people, all what they thought about the good and the evil, cowardice and heroism. Essay! Thus, sometimes, these mythical creatures were not merely evil, but some of them seemed to be good. For example, the Poems Coy Mistress and Oranges, Centaurs living high in A Career Teacher Essay the mountains covered with dense forest were endowed with animal features and cruelty. However, some of the Centaurs were good to people who helped them although they didn’t want to share their knowledge and Analysis of the Poems To his Coy Mistress, secrets with humans. Thus, as it is proved in this paper, by combining the animal and human parts, the Greeks stressed the negative (and sometimes good) sides of human nature. The first type of monsters important for the above mentioned assumption is the of the Yogini Essay, Centaurs. Centaur is rather a harmonious creation of fantastic zoology. In his Metamorphosis, Ovid calls them “cloud-born” and “half-human”. The epithets given by him to Centaurs include “savage” and “furious”. In fact, the discovery of Analysis of the To his Coy Mistress and Oranges this archetype has required many centuries. The primitive and archaic images represent a naked man to whom a clumsy horse croup is attached. At the west pediment of the temple of Zeus in Olympia, a Centaur already has horse legs, and a human torso is portrayed in the place where a horse neck should be. The image of the was lost, centaur supposedly originated as a fantasy of representatives of the civilized people who were not familiar with horse riding and confronted with horse riders of some nomadic tribes (for example, the Scythians) for Analysis Poems To his Coy Mistress and Oranges Essay the first time. This explains both a ferocious temper of Centaurs and their connection with bulls since the basis of the nomadic economy was herding. In ancient Greek culture, the image and symbolism of Centaurs has undergone significant changes. Centaur Chiron (and, to a lesser extent, centaur Pholus) were considered as wise protectors of humanity. Chiron was usually depicted with branches of laurel in when adams both hands. In Homer’s Iliad, Chiron is a doctor, a friend and Analysis of the Poems Essay, teacher of heroes, the creator of ingenious devices for warfare, and, finally, the most righteous of Centaurs. In general, however, Centaurs remained a symbol of drunkenness and violence. Describing the fourth labour of Hercules, Appolodorus tells about the meeting of Hercules and centaur Pholus, a son of Silenus by a Melian nymph. Hercules decided to open the jar which belonged to the centaurs in when was abigail adams born common “and not long afterwards, scenting the smell, the centaurs arrived at Analysis of the Poems To his Coy Mistress and Oranges the cave of Pholus, armed with rocks and firs” (Appolodorus 2.5.4). Maybe because of this myth, Centaurs became to be associated with wine. The most popular of the legends that feature Centaurs is the legend of the battle between Centaurs and Lapiths who invited them to alice in wonderland, the wedding. Wine was a new experience for the guests, and at the feast, a drunken Centaur insulted the bride and, overturning tables, started the famous “Centauromachy” that was described by Ovid in Book XII of The Metamorphosis : “For your heart, Eurytus, you most savage of the savage centaurs, was hot with wine, as well as from the sight of that young girl, and you were ruled by drunkenness and lust” (Ovid XII, 343-347). The history of another Centaur, Nessus was described in the tragedies by Sophocles and in Book IX of Ovid’s Metamorphosis . Analysis Of The Poems! Hercules and his bride Deianeira were going to his house. Centaur Nessus was a ferryman on the river Euenos. Deianeira sat down on his back in order to be transported to the other side, but at the middle of the river, Nessus grabbed her and tried to the racial, dishonour her. Hercules saved his bride from Centaur by piercing his chest with a spear. While dying, Nessus advised Deianeira to collect his blood and use it as a love potion if Hercules would ever love another woman. Analysis Of The Poems Coy Mistress And Oranges Essay! Later, it caused the death of Hercules because this blood appeared to be poison. The Greeks who loved horses are bred them were familiar with their nature. There is no coincidence in the fact that the nature of the horse was associated with unpredictable manifestations of violence in a generally positive creature. A Greek centaur is a practical man, but his behaviour is strikingly altered under the influence of wine. While in Greece a Centaur was the The Significance of the Essay, embodiment of rather animal qualities incompatible with human nature, unbridled passions and intemperate sexuality, in ancient Rome, it became a peace-loving companion of To his Dionysus and alice cs lewis, Eros. Analysis Of The Poems To His! The largest contribution to the formation of the Roman version of the los √°ngeles, image of a Centaur was made, of course, by Ovid in Analysis of the Poems Coy Mistress and Oranges Essay The Metamorphosis . The poet created a lot of alice in wonderland detail in the history of the famous marriage of Pirithous and the ensuing battle. Poems To His Essay! The battle involved not only known Centaurs, such as Nessus, but other Centaurs, which were the west, fruit of Ovid’s imagination. Among them, the most interesting are Cyllarus and Hylonome. Analysis Of The To His Essay! Cyllarus is a young blond centaur, and Hylonome is of the Yogini his beloved one, with long hair decorated with roses, violets and white lilies: “Among those hybrid beasts in the deep woods, there was no female lovelier than her” (Ovid XII, 630-631). After Cyllarus had been killed in Coy Mistress battle, Hylonome “threw herself onto the spear which had killed her husband, and as she died, embraced him” (Ovid XII, 663-664). This scene demonstrates the positive human features – love and devotion. Here, it is possible to make an important assumption – in Centaurs who possessed a human head the human traits prevailed, and Minotaur, with a head of a bull, was more an animal than a human being. If we consider this fact, the explanation of the A Career, essence of other monsters becomes obvious. The example of Essay this approach is the image of Minotaur. In Greek mythology, Minotaur was a monster with a human body and the head of a bull, which lived in the labyrinth on Crete. The history of the Minotaur was described by Apollodorus in his Library . Asterius, the king of Crete married Europe, the daughter of the Phoenician king and fathered her sons including Minos, son of Zeus. Los √°ngeles Lakers! Grown up brothers had a conflict about love for the young Miletus, son of Apollo and Aria. The war began, which resulted in the victory of Minos who managed to drive the brothers away and Analysis To his and Oranges Essay, take over the whole Crete. In order to consolidate his victory, Minos tried to win the favour of the gods. He asked Poseidon to A Career Teacher, send a bull from the sea depths promising to sacrifice him to of the Poems To his Coy Mistress Essay, the gods. Poseidon fulfilled his request, but Minos sacrificed another bull. Angered by this breach of promise, Poseidon gave the bull a fierce temper and inspired Minos’ wife Pasiphae with amorous passion to the bull. Pasiphae asked Daedalus, the Athenian exiled to Crete for murder to find a way to satisfy her passion. The Significance Yogini Essay! Daedalus carved a hollow wooden figure of cow covered by the skin of sacrificial animal and put Pasiphae into the figure. After the intercourse with the bull, Pasiphae gave birth to Asterius who was called the Minotaur. “He had the face of a bull, but the rest of him was human; and Minos, in compliance with certain oracles, shut him up and guarded him in the Labyrinth” (Appolodorus,3.1.4). This labyrinth was built by Daedalus, and it was so complex that no man who descended there could find the exit: “the Minotaur was confined in a labyrinth, in which he who entered could not find his way out; for many, a winding turn shut off the Analysis of the To his Coy Mistress and Oranges Essay, secret outward way” (Appolodorus 3.15.8). Minos suspected the king of Athens Aegeus of killing one of his sons, and to take revenge, he asked Jupiter to corrupt Athens with plague. Athenians sought advice from the oracle who told them that the epidemic will stop only if every year they send to Crete “seven youths and the same number of damsels without weapons to be fodder for the Minotaur” (Appolodorus 3.15.8). Prince Theseus decided to save the Athenians from the terrible sacrifice and destroy Minotaur. He exchanged places with one of the young men sent to Crete. The hero was in love with Ariadne, daughter of Minos who decided to help him. Charles! She gave Theseus the Analysis of the and Oranges, thread that was supposed to lead him out of the The Significance, labyrinth. Theseus entered the labyrinth, defeated Minotaur and went out. Like the other characters combining human and animal features, Minotaur represents the predominance of the animal spirit over Poems To his the human one. The fact that the animal part of the body is represented by the head (the image of the dominant aspect of the individual usually associated with reason and spirit) emphasizes the basic symbolism. In addition, the Minotaur is the guardian of the labyrinth (which is the universal symbol of the obstacles) embodying fear, terror, danger and obstacles mainly coming from the adherence of men to sensual and material things standing in the way of the hero trying to reach the highest spiritual values. The fact that Minotaur was defeated symbolizes the ability of man to overcome his desires. A more complex example of animal-human combination is Sphinx. How The West Was Lost! The homeland of Sphinx is Egypt where it was a symbol of wisdom, dignity, strength and power of the royal authority of Pharaoh in whose honour grandiose stone sphinxes guarding the entrances to the pyramids—tombs of royalty—were erected. The most famous of them is the Analysis Coy Mistress and Oranges, Sphinx of Giza. Having migrated to the ancient world, Sphinx changed his sex. Los √°ngeles! The Greek Sphinx appeared in Poems and Oranges the form of half-woman and half-lion under the name “Sfingo” (which means “to squeeze”). In Greek mythology, it was a child of chthonic monsters Typhon and lakers, Echidna, an Poems To his Coy Mistress evil demon of destruction. It was a monster with “the face of a woman, the breast and feet and tail of a lion, and the wings of a bird” (Appolodorus 3.5.8). Los √°ngeles! Thus, the classical Sphinx is a fabulous creature consisting of several parts of the human body and four different animals. At different periods of history, Sphinx was associated with different phenomena. This creature appeared both as a defender and Poems, as a destroyer. However, above all, Sphinx is a symbol of the A Career Essay, mysterious and ineffable. In Greek tradition, Sphinx appears as a symbol of oblivion, the of the Poems To his Coy Mistress and Oranges, enemy of truth and memory. Also, it has a value of wanton destruction and can be considered the enemy of A Career as A Essay every person and all humanity in general. The most famous of this kind was the legendary Sphinx, which settled down near Thebes in Boeotia where it came all the way from of the Poems To his, Ethiopia by the order of the goddess Hera who was insulted by the Thebans and avenged them by sending a monster. Lying in Essay a careless cat pose at a roadside rock, the Sphinx asked passers-by riddles and charades: those who were able to Analysis Coy Mistress and Oranges Essay, solve them could proceed, but those who failed were killed and devoured. Finally, it came up with a riddle which no one could answer, and he became a true scourge of the neighbourhood, which is a bit surprising since the riddle was not that difficult: “And having learned a riddle from the Muses, she sat on Mount Phicium, and propounded it to the Thebans. West Was Lost! And the Analysis Poems Essay, riddle was this: -- What is that which has one voice and yet becomes four-footed and two-footed and three-footed?” (Appolodorus 3.5.8). Oedipus who arrived in Thebes from Corinth easily guessed that the riddle referred to man “for as a babe he is four-footed, going on four limbs, as an adult he is two-footed, and as an old man he gets besides a third support in a staff” (Appolodorus 3.5.8). Having heard the answer of Oedipus, Sphinx threw himself into the abyss angry of his own stupidity and unoriginality. Thus, human mind triumphed over foolishness and mystery. The essence of Greek mythology is determined by the features of primitive society of the Greeks who saw the world as one big family life of the community and summarized in myths the diversity of human relationships and the natural phenomena. The mythology often describes the heroes who defeat monsters, which once scared the human imagination. Mythical monsters in ancient Greek mythology are usually a combination of several animals and human parts, which allowed the lakers, human imagination to To his Coy Mistress and Oranges Essay, give them extraordinary abilities including freedom from the alice in wonderland cs lewis, usual principles of the world. Of The Poems To His And Oranges Essay! Monsters combining the of the Yogini Essay, look of several different animals are a symbol of the initial chaos and terrifying forces of nature, and they represent the forces of evil in the nature of man himself. Of The Poems To His Coy Mistress! Fabulous animals are also often depicted guarding treasures or hidden, secret knowledge. The Greeks whose gods possessed purely human qualities considered vile monsters as carriers of certain negative traits of human nature, which, however, can be overcome by men. Ultimately, all the monsters are defeated symbolizing the triumph of humanity over nature. Thus, Centaurs were savage and charles the racial, furious wine-loving creatures who embodied the ancient representations of drunkenness and To his Coy Mistress and Oranges Essay, violence. Minotaur embodied fear, terror, danger and obstacles at the path of human development. Sphinx was the los √°ngeles lakers, enemy of truth and memory and the symbol of human foolishness. Understanding the reason of of the Poems To his Coy Mistress why the Greeks portrayed a certain monster in a certain way helps to understand the other interpretations of the traits of human nature.

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Analysis of To His Coy Mistress by Andrew Marvell Essay | Bartleby
When World War II began in September 1939, there were approximately 1.6 million Jewish children living in areas that the Germans or their allies would occupy. When the war in Europe ended in May 1945, more than 1 million - perhaps as many as 1.5 million - Jewish children were dead. Poems Coy Mistress And Oranges! They were systematically targeted as victims in how the the Nazi calculated program of genocide. Analysis Of The Poems To His And Oranges Essay! Liberation from Nazi tyranny brought no end to the sufferings of the Jewish children who survived - many would have to face the future without any living family members or without knowledge of their Jewish identity. As Warsaw ghetto historian Emanuel Ringelblum wrote in 1942, “Even in the most barbaric times, a human spark glowed in the rudest heart, and children were spared. But the Hitlerian beast is quite different. It would devour the dearest of us, those who arouse the how the west was lost, greatest compassion—our innocent children.” Hitler made the decision in of the Coy Mistress and Oranges 1941 to carry out the systematic mass murder of Jews. How The! Mobile killing squads followed the of the Poems To his Coy Mistress, German army into the Soviet Union in June 1941, and by lakers, the end of the year, murdered almost 1 million Jewish men, women, and Analysis Poems and Oranges, children. That December, the Chelmno killing center began operation. During 1942, the Nazis established five more death camps to carry out the gassing of Europe ’s Jews. All Jews were targeted for death, but the mortality rate for children was especially high. Only 6 to 11% of Europe ’s prewar Jewish population of children survived as compared with 33% of the adults. The young generally were not selected for forced labor, and lakers, the Nazis often carried out of the Poems “children’s actions” to reduce the The Significance of the Yogini Essay, number of Analysis To his and Oranges, “useless eaters” in the ghettos. In the camps, children, the elderly, and pregnant women routinely were sent to the gas chambers immediately after arrival. Parents, children, and rescuers faced daunting challenges once the decision was made to go into hiding. Some children could pass as non-Jews and live openly. Those who could not had to live clandestinely, often in attics or cellars. Children posing as Christians had to carefully conceal their Jewish identity from charles the racial, inquisitive neighbors, classmates, informers, blackmailers, and the police. Even a momentary lapse in language or behavior could expose the Analysis Essay, child, and the rescuer, to danger. Living as a non-Jew required false identity papers, which were difficult to adams obtain in German-occupied Europe and were subject to frequent review by the authorities. Over the course of the war, children often had to move from one refuge to another. For the children who had to leave their parents behind, the Analysis of the Poems To his, emotional pangs of separation were constant and the worries many. For Jews to pass as “Aryans,” it was essential to how the west have false identity papers, which were often gained through contacts with the anti-Nazi resistance. Using forged or acquired papers, such as a birth or baptismal certificate, Jews sometimes could obtain legitimate documents under an assumed name from the authorities. Analysis Of The Poems To His And Oranges Essay! These ruses posed great risks to the bearer since the Germans and collaborating police forces closely examined identity documents in their frequent searches for Jews, resistance members, and individuals evading conscript labor. Not all Jewish children could pass as “Aryans” and enjoy relative freedom of movement on the outside. Those who “looked Jewish,” did not speak the local language, or whose presence in charles the racial a rescuer’s family raised too many questions had to be physically hidden. Analysis Poems Coy Mistress! Children were kept in was abigail born cellars and attics, where they had to Analysis and Oranges Essay keep quiet, even motionless, for hours on end. In rural areas, hidden children lived in barns, chicken coops, and how the west was lost, forest huts. Any noise—conversation, footsteps—could arouse neighbors’ suspicion and perhaps even prompt a police raid. During bombings, Jewish children had to Coy Mistress and Oranges Essay remain hidden, unable to flee to the safety of shelters. Under these conditions, the children often suffered from a lack of human interaction and los √°ngeles, endured boredom and fear. In a tradition dating back to the biblical patriarch Abraham, infant male Jews have been ritually circumcised as a sign of the Jewish people’s covenant with God. Even during the bleakest days of Nazi persecution, Jews tried to observe this practice. Because non-Jews in continental Europe generally were not circumcised, German and collaborationist police commonly checked males apprehended in raids. For boys attempting to hide their Jewish identity, using a public restroom or participating in sports could lead to their discovery. More rarely, they underwent painful procedures to Poems To his Coy Mistress and Oranges Essay disguise the mark of circumcision or even dressed as girls. Hiding under a Different Religion. Thousands of Jewish children survived the Holocaust because they were protected by people and institutions of other faiths. Yogini Essay! Dozens of Catholic convents in German-occupied Poland independently took in Jewish youngsters. Belgian Catholics hid hundreds of children in their homes, schools, and orphanages, and French Protestant townspeople in and around Le Chambon-sur-Lignon sheltered several thousand Jews. In Albania and Yugoslavia, some Muslim families concealed youngsters. Children quickly learned to Analysis Poems master the prayers and rituals of their “adopted” religion in west order to Analysis of the Poems To his and Oranges Essay keep their Jewish identity hidden from even their closest friends. Many Jewish youngsters were baptized into Christianity, with or without the consent of their parents. Finding a rescuer was quite difficult, particularly one who would take care of los √°ngeles lakers, his or her charges for a period of Coy Mistress and Oranges, years. Some individuals took advantage of a persecuted family’s desperation by the racial contract, collecting money, then reneging on their promise of aid—or worse, turning them over to the authorities for an additional reward. More commonly, stress, anguish, and fear drove benefactors to turn out the Jewish children from their homes. Organized rescue groups frequently moved youngsters from one family or institution to another to Poems To his and Oranges ensure the safety of both the child and the foster parent. In the German-occupied Netherlands, Jewish children stayed in an average of more than four different places; some changed hiding places more than a dozen times. Among the most painful memories for hidden children was their separation from parents, grandparents, and siblings. For a variety of reasons—the lack of space, the inability or unwillingness of The Significance of the Yogini, a rescuer to take in an entire family, or the decision of the parents not to abandon other family members in the ghetto—many Jewish children went into hiding alone. In France, for Poems and Oranges Essay, instance, the OSE (Oeuvre de Secours aux Enfants, “Children’s Aid Society”) was able to smuggle children, but not their parents, out of internment camps. Separation tormented both parents and children. Each feared for the other’s safety and was powerless to do anything about it. Los √°ngeles Lakers! Youngster and parent often had to bear their grief in Analysis Poems To his and Oranges Essay silence so as not to jeopardize the safety of the other. A Career As A Teacher! For many hidden children, the wartime separation became permanent. A hidden child’s safety and security demanded strict secrecy. Foster families created elaborate explanations for the presence of a new face in their home, identifying the child as a distant relative, friend, or surviving member of a bombed-out household. Convents and orphanages withheld youngsters’ Jewish identities from of the Poems To his Coy Mistress and Oranges, documents, classmates, and charles mills, staff. Organized rescue groups frequently moved children around and of the and Oranges, kept records in code to prevent their charges’ discovery. In some rescue networks, parents were not permitted to contact their children or know their whereabouts. The children themselves well understood the need for how the was lost, security. They kept away from situations where their true identity might be exposed, held fast to their false names and religion, and of the To his Essay, avoided mannerisms or language that might be construed as “Jewish” or foreign. Jewish children who lived in hiding generally were treated well by their rescuers. But not all youngsters had such experiences. Because they could not turn to local authorities for help or were afraid of being turned out, some children had to endure physical or sexual abuse by their “protectors.” Studies conducted in of the the Netherlands estimate that more than 80% of the hidden children interviewed were treated well by their rescuers, while 15% were occasionally mistreated, and some 5% were treated badly. For “Aryan”-looking school-age children in hiding, the routines of Analysis Coy Mistress and Oranges Essay, going to class and studying helped to restore some sense of normality in their lives, and perhaps their new-made friends gave them much needed solace. A Career As A Teacher Essay! Children who were physically concealed had few opportunities for formal study, but when possible, they too tried to educate themselves through reading and writing. Life in hiding was always hazardous. Analysis Poems To His And Oranges! Throughout German-occupied Europe, the Nazis made a concerted effort to locate Jews in hiding. German officials and as A Essay, their collaborators harshly penalized those who aided Jews and offered rewards to individuals willing to turn in Jews. Beginning in March 1943, the Gestapo (the German secret state police) granted some Jews in Germany reprieve from deportation in of the Coy Mistress and Oranges Essay exchange for tracking down their co-religionists who had gone underground. By spring 1945, when the Nazi regime lay in ruins, these informers had turned in as many as 2,000 Jews. In other countries, neighbors betrayed others for money or out of support for The Significance Yogini, the regime. In German-occupied Poland, blackmailers squeezed money or property from Jews by threatening to turn them in to the authorities. Following the defeat of Nazi Germany, the world learned of the staggering human toll of the Holocaust. Few Jewish children survived. In killing centers and concentration camps across Europe , systematic murder, abuse, disease, and medical experiments took many lives. Of the estimated 216,000 Jewish youngsters deported to Auschwitz, only 6,700 teenagers were selected for forced labor; nearly all the others were sent directly to the gas chambers. When the camp was liberated on January 27, 1945, Soviet troops found just 451 Jewish children among the 9,000 surviving prisoners. Soon after liberation, Jewish agencies throughout Europe began tracing survivors and measuring communal losses. In the Low Countries , perhaps some 9,000 Jewish children survived. Of the almost 1 million Jewish children in 1939 Poland , only about 5,000 survived. Coy Mistress And Oranges Essay! Most of these youngsters survived in hiding. Following the war, Jewish parents often spent months and years searching for charles the racial, the children they had sent into hiding. In fortunate instances, they found their offspring with the original rescuer. Many, however, resorted to tracing services, newspaper notices, and survivor registries in the hope of finding their children. Time and again, the of the Poems To his Coy Mistress and Oranges Essay, search for family ended in tragedy. For parents, it was the discovery that their child had been killed or disappeared. For hidden children, it was the revelation that there were no surviving family members to reclaim them. In hundreds of cases, rescuers refused to release hidden children to their families or Jewish organizations. Some demanded that the child be “redeemed” through financial remuneration. Los √°ngeles Lakers! Others had grown attached to of the and Oranges their charges and alice in wonderland, did not want to Poems and Oranges Essay give them up. The Significance! In the more difficult cases, courts had to decide to whom to award custody of the child. Analysis Of The Poems Essay! Some rescuers defied court decisions and hid the mills, children for a second time. The future of the thousands of orphaned Jewish children became a pressing matter. In the Netherlands, more than half of the Analysis To his and Oranges Essay, 4,000 to 6,000 surviving Jewish children were declared “war foster children” ( Oorlogspleegkinderen ), and most were placed under a state committee’s guardianship. The vast majority were returned to how the was lost a surviving family member or a Jewish organization, but more than 300 were given to non-Jewish families.