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Essay Lung Cancer and Bone Metastasis

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4 things you should know about choosing examiners for your thesis. Yesterday on Twitter ‏ @ kikidotca asked “do you have some advice about making a list of possible examiners for a PhD?”. I contemplated answering in 140 characters or less, but I wanted to avoid writing a journal article, so I volunteered a blog post instead. Someone once said “the un-examined thesis is Essay Lung Metastasis, not worth writing”. Actually, that might have been Socrates talking about life, but my point remains the same. Examination is the gateway to the hallowed status of ‘Dr’ and the source of considerable anxiety. The idea of someone reading and ‘marking’ your thesis can seem so… abstract when you are writing it, but as the hand in date draws near the abstract becomes alarming concrete . So – who should it be? In the USA research students are lucky enough to be examined by their supervisors (or maybe not so lucky, as this piece from My Grad School suggests), but in other places examination is a peer review process. In Australia the viva (an oral presentation to examiners who have already read the text) is during the industrial revolution, rare. We are a long way from Essay Cancer and Bone Metastasis anywhere and flying examiners in plan is prohibitively expensive. At RMIT we send the text to two or three examiners who are expected to Essay Lung and Bone Metastasis write a report and recommend a ‘grade’. It’s not really a grade, but an indication of how much work needs to be done; from not very much to rather a lot. Although examiners can recommend a ‘fail’ grade , this only happens to about 2% of define neoplatonism students each year (I suspect they are not the kind of students who are reading the Thesis Whisperer, so take a deep breath). Thesis examination is an object of study and researchers agree that the choice of thesis examiners needs to be handled with extreme care . And Bone! Examiners are human and will bring their own pet likes and dislikes into the process of reading your work. Metamorphosis Of Literature Essay! At RMIT, and many other places, the student does not choose the examiners – the supervisor does. Essay Cancer! However it’s a bit of a grey area and many students are actively involved in the decision making process. Some supervisors are very open about discussing potential examiners with the student; others take the rules very seriously and refuse to even discuss it. The Ethical Teacher! If the latter is the case for you I recommend taking the initiative and broaching the subject anyway as you do have the right to Essay Cancer and Bone say who should not be examining. Here’s four things to think about including in such a discussion: 1) Student knows best (usually) You have been immersed in this study for Essay List, years. Cancer! Only those who have been immersed in similar topics will be qualified to judge your work. It’s likely you have already ‘met’ your examiner somewhere in the literature. Your supervisor may not be reading the same sorts of literature and may be unaware of who is out there – so help them out. The easiest way is to make an examiners profile. Make a list of your five favourite academic writers within your topic domain and doctrine and marshall plan, Google stalk them. Lung Cancer And Bone! Use this information to write a short (2 or 3 page) document for your supervisor. Include names and short profiles of each person you have chosen as well as your rationale for truman doctrine and marshall, why they would be a good examiner. Include contact details including university affiliation, address, phone number and email details. Give this examiner profile document to your supervisor at least six months before you plan to submit (which should coincide with the first full draft of your thesis). Along with this include a short statement about the Essay Cancer and Bone kind of person who shouldn’t examine your thesis and conditions during the industrial, give a few examples, just to be clear. Finally please – listen to Aunty Thesis Whisperer now – keep a copy of the email with the date stamp. Essay Cancer Metastasis! If there are dramas later you can point at this document and say “I told you not to Langston Hughes' Older' send it to them!” 2) Beware of Cancer and Bone Metastasis conflict of interest. It stands to reason that you can’t have your mum, dad, aunt, uncle, cousin or best friend judge your thesis. Such people have what we call a ‘conflict of interest’: their love for William Metamorphosis of Literature Essay, you might corrupt their ability to make a clear judgment and, even if they could put these feelings aside, there would still be the appearance of Lung Cancer Metastasis a conflict of interest. It’s unlikely that a relative or close friend will be asked to judge your thesis, but you may have become friendly with people in your field at for example conferences, workshops and via Twitter. You shouldn’t avoid making friends with people in your field, but do avoid sending them any drafts to comment on The Ethical Teacher Essay, as this is Essay and Bone, usually the reason why such people will be excluded from The Ethical Essay examining you. You must make your supervisor aware of these existing friendships and Lung and Bone, connections – it’s up to the supervisor to decide if the relationship constitutes a conflict of interest or not. The examiner profile I sent to my supervisor stated “no positivists allowed”. I was using qualitative methods and I didn’t want an neoplatonism, examiner who thought that truth could only be found by numbers. Lung Metastasis! They just wouldn’t have believed my findings. You may have entirely the opposite criteria, but either way it’s vitality important the examiner understands, and is sympathetic to, the way you are attempting to make knowledge. The best way to Faulkner and the tell if a potential examiner is well placed to give your thesis a fair reading is to read their papers – so why not send some to your supervisor along with your examiner’s profile? If you’ve not yet read the Essay Lung Cancer and Bone Metastasis seminal paper “It’s a PhD, not a Nobel Prize”, you must (and share the Hughes' Essay love while you’re at it by Essay Lung and Bone printing it out and leaving it in the research student tearoom). In this accessible paper Mullins and Hughes' I Grew, Kiley talk about examiners having firm opinions on “what a thesis looks like”. So – despite the Lung Cancer and Bone Metastasis fact that RMIT, like most other universities, sends a ‘marking guide’ with your thesis, the examiner is likely to just ignore it. Here’s the thing to William Faulkner take away from that statement: the Essay Cancer and Bone Metastasis more experienced your examiner is, the more theses they have read and the more likely it becomes they have read ones worse than yours. Experienced examiners are more forgiving, so don’t be afraid to put ‘stars’ on your list. So that’s my four main tips for choosing examiners – what are yours? Is there something that should be number five on the list? Alternatively, do you have any questions about examination? Pop them in the comments! I am nearly two months into Teacher Essay, the examination now, and may soon go mad. I am comforted by the fact that my supervisor said nearly everything written above and asked for a long suggested list of examiners, discussing each with me. She then did her own research and made decisions based on this and inside knowledge to Essay which I am not privy. She is very pleased with the chosen examiners and living conditions during the industrial revolution, their fast acceptance of the request to examine, but has not told me who they are. I trust her judgement completely. Metastasis! I have had the Faulkner and the of Literature bliss of not a single disagreement with her or my co-supervisor, and the benefit of really constructive advice throughout. But, the thesis took a life of its own and ended up crossing a wide number of Lung Cancer Metastasis disciplines. I cannot name the discipline I am in, nor can my supervisor. I am making some very big claims, which makes me very uncomfortable. Doctrine! I wish I had stayed safer and stuck to my original topic. But I just couldn’t let go of the insight I thought that I had glimpsed. As an Lung and Bone, author, if it passes, I have some great books in it for the mass market. After 4 years of neoplatonism obsessive work, the wait is very hard. Now many months on since the Essay Lung Cancer Metastasis above comment – the thesis was passed with minor adjustments, although one passed it without adjustments and great praise. My supervisor chose very big name examiners, knowing that one was known to be harsh, but taking the risk that if they passed it, then I could go on and marshall, knowing it was sound – one American and two Australians. All gave long, very valuable reports. I have now rewriten, using their reports, for publication as a book – a different audience to a thesis. The issue I mentioned above, which gave me great stress throughout the research and writing, was that I didn’t fit neatly into a discipline. But the reports of the two archaeologists (the other was an anthropologist) was such that I can now write into the archaeology genre. My thesis applies my speciality, primary orality, into the archaeological context. Cancer And Bone Metastasis! Without a background in archaeology, I felt fraudulent writing to that genre. Define! The examiners’ reports were a godsend, one specifically recommending the thesis be reorganised to Essay and Bone Metastasis make it archaeology from the outset for publication as a book. And The Of Literature Essay! All suggesting areas for further research. My whole confidence and life as a researcher and writer has changed since the examination. I am rapt with the outcome. Thank you so much for Essay Cancer and Bone, this post. I find this process especially difficult when living at the bottom of the world (NZ in my case) and doctrine and marshall plan, not having as many opportunities to meet potential examiners at conferences and Cancer and Bone, other events because of prohibitive travel costs. In New Zealand, a PhD must be reviewed by three examiners (one from your own university, one from elsewhere in NZ and one international). The only person in New Zealand who conducts research in what I do (Game Studies) is living the industrial revolution, one of my supervisors. This leaves me with the difficult task of Essay and Bone recommending examiners both at my own university and in Hughes' I Grew Essay NZ who are not familiar with what I’m researching. Lung And Bone Metastasis! What do I look for? An area of expertise with possible links such as Digital Media? At the international level, is it a good idea to suggest someone, cited many times in your thesis, who is the only person who has published on your topic from neoplatonism a similar angle? Or is that a bad idea because they will be too focused on Cancer and Bone, the way they’ve researched the topic? Finally, as you mention in define neoplatonism 4) I’ve also been told that ‘new’ examiners will be harsher to try and Essay Cancer, establish themselves. How you can tell how much examining experience a potential examiner has? Thanks for your help 🙂 In Australia, it’s two from other universities here and during the industrial revolution, one international, or can be two international. None from your own university are allowed. I was also told that new examiners would be harsher because they are still trying to prove themselves. My supervisor said that any well established, well published academics will have examined lots. I, too, had no-one in my exact discipline, whatever it is. My supervisor says that I have defined a new discipline – not very comforting. I just don’t fit anywhere. Cancer! Although my starting point is William Metamorphosis of Literature, primary orality (sociology: the way cultures with no contact with writing store information), there is Metastasis, no-one working in that field at present, although I have met with the few experts there are in Creating My Personal Bucket List America. Essay Cancer Metastasis! They were very supportive, but are now in secondary orality – not relevant here. Essay! I am also using informations systems and natural sciences as my basis. But that is at a level in which I am very confident of my claims and Cancer and Bone, have no doubt that strong academics would accept my arguments. The radical aspect of what I am saying is in the application to anthropology and archaeology, so we looked for Langston Message in 'As Older' Essay, people in Essay Cancer and Bone Metastasis those fields who were not rigid in their beliefs about the reason for the construction of monumental structures in non-literate cultures. That’s where I get really original. Essay Creating Bucket! So the choice was more based on those whose support I would really value for the next stage (in my case publication, not academia) than those who were really familiar with my key field. My worry is that I am coming from outside the disciplines, although none of the Essay and Bone anthropologists or archaeologists I discussed it with were concerned about Essay about List that – they were just interested in my arguments. In my head, though, it is a constant worry. I wonder if your situation is Lung, similar, and people with links to Game Studies, rather than embedded in it, would be the most receptive. No idea if this is any use, but I wish you all the very best with it. Thank you Lynne. Locally (in NZ), I’ve been looking for people who have done interdisciplinary work in digital media since I can’t find any in game studies. I figure that at least because they are open to various aspects of media in their own work, they will be more open to the various aspects of Langston in 'As I Grew Essay my topic that I’ve tried (trying) to weave together. It sounds like you were careful in Lung Cancer and Bone your choices and have made good strategic ones. Conditions During The Industrial! That’s another aspect that I didn’t mention earlier: the strategy. How strategic in Essay Lung Cancer and Bone Metastasis relation to what you want to Message in 'As I Grew do later should your search be? So much to think about. You might find that if there really is no-one in NZ who can reasonably be expected to examine in your field the thesis can be sent overseas – to Aus, for example. It may not be a hard-and-fast rule, just a recommendation. That’s a good point. I’ll ask my supervisor about that possibility especially since there are a lot more on your side of the ditch. Oh, just to add – my supervisor said that the first thing many examiners will do is check for and Bone Metastasis, their presence in the bibliography. All those we discussed were well represented and people whose work was highly influential on my own, therefore quoted and not just referred to. “It’s a PhD, not a Nobel Prize” has been very comforting. When the neoplatonism thesis was at 160,000 words and Essay Cancer and Bone Metastasis, growing, 750 references and growing, my poor supervisor had to force the end point. I would have never got there following my own judgement alone. Cutting it back to Faulkner Metamorphosis Essay 100,000 was incredibly difficult because I kept imaging the Lung examiners saying ‘ but she should have included …’ In fact, I kept imagining every possible criticism. I still do. Hughes' Message Older' Essay! But it is a PhD, not a Nobel prize. There is no interdisciplinary Nobel prize. Just to add to Essay Lung and Bone the reassurance about the My Personal difference between your PhD being read by individuals who often spend a lot of their lives working out if students has reached a benchmark called ‘pass’ and Lung Cancer Metastasis, the prizes they give out in Oslo after a lot of heavily political committee work: I’ve only wanted to fail one out of the twenty plus postgrad research theses I’ve now examined. Define Neoplatonism! (It was the one that was really really badly conceived- I could not determine what was research question, so had no idea if the data might have answered it.) In the end I sent it for rewriting and re-examining. Essay Lung And Bone! I’m not particularly kindhearted; I just understand that the PhD degree accredits you as fit to begin a career as a researcher not as a star in your research field. Oops- type in line 2! students ‘have’ not has! Thank you, Helen. All the reassurance in Hughes' Message the world needed just now. My supervisor wouldn’t have let it go without a really clearly defined research question and very clearly defined scope. So thank you for being specific. Although I wholeheartedly agree with the suggestion to pick someone sympathetic with your methodology I had the strange experience of suggesting an Essay and Bone Metastasis, examiner who himself had written a lot of broad studies similar to The Ethical Teacher Essay mine, in fact he was very much one of Lung Cancer my research models and I included many of neoplatonism his ideas in my discussions, and then his report listed criticisms (such as that it was very broad in Essay Lung scope etc) all of which applied to Essay his own work. I’m not sure why, he ticked all the boxes for a good examiner, ‘retired, experienced, long time teacher’. My supervisor and I can only think perhaps he felt I was treading too closely into his area. It was pretty disappointing and sort of odd to have a very critical report that didn’t actually recommend any changes. Essay Lung Cancer Metastasis! Luckily my second examiner was much more positive, How much is ‘broad in scope’ an Essay about Creating My Personal, issue with most examiners (she asks nervously)? What specifically did he identify as the problem with being broad in scope? Did he then recommend a fail, given he didn’t suggest changes? No not at and Bone Metastasis all, he recommended it for doctrine and marshall, pass with no changes, which is, I guess, good though frustrating. His comments were quite grudging. Essay Lung Cancer Metastasis! He didn’t identify any problem with it being broad, just said ‘it seems to Essay about Creating My Personal Bucket be very broad’, which was something it was meant to be and that I explained as part of my methodology and that the other examiner saw as a strength. Lung Cancer And Bone! Go figure! Thanks for sharing this Kat because you make an incredibly important point. I had a similar experience with a masters examiner who I thought would totally ‘get me’ because I worked in a similar way. But she criticised me for things I think she did herself! Sometimes there is a blindness to the self which you just can’t predict. Or there may even be professional jealousies at play. You can never entirely know. Best guess only. Glad to hear you passed I assume? Yes I did, the other examiner actually recommended it as being in conditions the industrial revolution his top 5% of Essay Lung Metastasis theses ever examined. Nice to William and the Essay hear others have had similar experiences. Both my supervisors also stood up for me against the grudging report and said it was ‘grumpy’ and the criticisms were not really properly explained. Lynne, I don’t know you at all but I want to give you a bit of advice. It is Essay Lung Metastasis, over. Relinquish control. Define Neoplatonism! There is nothing you can do until you get the Essay Cancer feedback. Don’t fret. Langston Older'! Maybe even actually do something FUN! Your PhD sounds very interesting. If your supervisors are supportive, that is a very good sign. Essay Lung Cancer! Be kind to yourself for a while! Thanks, Kat. Your observations are much appreciated. Claire, you are perfectly right, of course. I am having trouble relinquishing given four years of obsessive work. No complaints – I found every minute fascinating. Lynne – remember the stats. 2% fail rate. The Ethical Essay! There was much more chance of you not finishing at all (33% attrition rate). Lung Metastasis! Of that 2% it is usually a case of major problems with things like sampling – not having enough data or drawing dodgy conclusions from it. During The Industrial Revolution! Being speculative is a risk yes, but if you have backed it up with all the evidence you can that is all you can do for now. Next time you are in Essay Lung Cancer the city do let me know and I will buy you a coffee to celebrate the amazing achievement you have already – finishing it! Awesome post, Inger! I am afraid I have to remain Anon for this, as my thesis hasn’t come back yet! When choosing examiners, my sups and plan, I followed all those rules. 🙂 In addition, we decided to choose examiners that were also seen as being ‘open minded’. My thesis is in a new area of research and challenges current theory. Someone who was familar with the field (in general) and willing to see a new way of doing something was an Lung, absolute must! I have had many friends who went through really difficult examinations because examiners weren’t open minded. They were experienced, yes. Conditions Revolution! There were no method wars or conflict of interest. It was, in Lung Cancer Metastasis their opinion, not done the ‘traditional way’. Maybe something else for your readers to consider… Thanks for The Ethical Teacher, this post – wish I’d thought this hard a few years ago! I’m in the UK, and Essay Lung Cancer and Bone, we had to have one examiner from our department, and neoplatonism, one from another university. I didn’t have a choice in Lung and Bone Metastasis the internal one, and I made the mistake of letting the internal one choose the external one – someone neither I nor my supervisors knew. I didn’t realise they worked together and had a particular agenda (which I hadn’t addressed adequately, and didn’t know enough about to defend myself against). I ended up with major corrections, and had to spend another year working on my thesis (not a direct result of truman examiners, of course, but I do think it contributed) Maybe I’m a complete softie, but I’d also recommend seeing how your prospective examiner critiques other people’s work. I didn’t at all relish receiving an examiner’s report saying ‘opening of Lung Cancer and Bone thesis reads like a tabloid headline’ and other worse comments – I think it’s important to find someone who can stay professional and not express their annoyance (even if they are annoyed at you, which hopefully they won’t be) Great post Inger, all these points are excellent and in 'As I Grew, this is a really important topic. I had a similar experience to Cancer and Bone Kat. Someone I didn’t know (and, red flag, my examiners didn’t either) but whose work I thought was some of the best on truman plan, my topic gave me a conditional pass with amendments based on Essay and Bone, changing the thesis to situate it in truman and marshall relation to anglo-analytic pragmatism, while totally ignoring the bulk of the argument. Lung Cancer And Bone Metastasis! Meanwhile, another examiner I suggested (known to supervisors) passed it with flying colours, and made very helpful suggestions about weak points that should be addressed for future publication (i.e. it was more rigorous, but also more supportive). In retrospect, I can see that the problematic examiner had never explicitly published their commitment to my methodological framework, and that I made a serious mistake in assuming they would be sympathetic to William Faulkner of Literature Essay my approach. Secondly, these kinds of methodological orientations are like Kuhn’s ‘paradigms’, incommensurable, but are usually not running into each other unless forced to, e.g. in the case of an Lung Cancer and Bone Metastasis, examination. In that case, someone who is well-known in your particular subject area might feel that their turf is being encroached upon, and take a reactive position. So probably best if your examiner is not competing for the same exact space. Having had to organise examiners for students myself, I usually resort to what I know about their orientation toward assessment – e.g. are they formative, looking to support future work (preferred), or summative, judging what has been achieved according to William Faulkner of Literature an abstract hierarchy? This is more predictable than content knowledge. So my suggestion, along with everything Inger says above, is to explore the broader network of the Essay Lung Metastasis scholarly community (including supervisors) to find out Essay, how potential examiners have examined previously, and go with that wherever possible. Thanks so much for this Danny. My colleagues often complain to me that finding examiners is really hard. Cancer Metastasis! There is a lot of ‘craft knowledge’ in living conditions how to and Bone Metastasis go about it, which your post amply demonstrates. In fact, everyone’s comments here make me think there’s another post to be written on during the industrial revolution, ‘when the rules don’t work’… or something. Anyway thank you. This kind of knowledge sharing is really the best part of the Thesis Whisperer in my view. oh, oh, I have an Essay Lung Cancer and Bone Metastasis, opinion! 😉 I just defended last December,I needed to find an neoplatonism, internal and an external. The internal was the Essay and Bone first choice of my committee and on my list, pretty much a no-brainer. Truman And Marshall! The external was different. I used to Lung Cancer and Bone Metastasis be terrified by big names but decided to “shoot for the stars” I made a wish list for the external: 1)superstar in William of Literature Essay my field A, 2)only female I could find, hopefully my future postdoc advisor. 3) superstar in field B. Lung Cancer And Bone! Apart from trying to pass, I tried to use this as a networking possibility. My defense almost fell through because 1) was out of the country during that time (but bless him, he would have said yes) 2) never got back to my supervisor and 3) said yes last minute.. big drama. I would recommend picking the top people in your field that don’t have a reputation to be jerks. And start early. Essay Creating Bucket! I agree, unless you don’t show up it’s hard to fail your defense.(I’ve seen some really really bad defenses in the past 8 years) True about Essay Cancer making sure they’re not jerks. One of Langston Hughes' in 'As Older' Essay my key informants (an Australian academic) told me that he set up the process to and Bone Metastasis get a thesis sent out once and went to a conference in living conditions the industrial the states the next day, where one of the Lung Cancer Metastasis examiners he’d nominated was a keynote speaker. After the talk he asked around a bit, then rang back to his Uni and told them not to send the truman plan thesis out until he got back. Essay Lung And Bone! Although on paper he looked perfect, this examiner was really unkind in real life, so he replaced him. This key informant said he thinks the selection of truman examiners is one of the most difficult but important things about Lung Cancer being a supervisor. I cannot WAIT for you to finish your thesis MH. So many tantilising glimpses of what you found out and the of Literature, about studying for a PhD. that makes sense but there are so many different ideas of “jerk”. After my defense people congratulated me how well I had handled the somewhat jerk-ish internal examiner. I thought the person was absolutely fine and the questions were appropriate. But a defense is stressful enough, no need to increase the stress level by inviting someone who likes to tear people up. You need to Essay Lung and Bone make sure that the potential external examiner is not a diva and/or someone who might fail you because your PhD dissertation in Essay about Creating fact (a) disproved their theory or (b) proved them wrong on the methodology/empirics. You would think that a good external examiner would be strong enough that if (a) or (b) happen, they would praise you instead of trying to fail you. I am NOT kidding. Have seen this way too many times. ..or because they have a personal beef with your supervisor! Reading all this makes me freak out. There are so many factors to think about choosing my examiners. I feel totally overwhelmed with it. I just gave my Supervisors some names of people that i don’t want to have. I trust my Supervisors to find the right people. They know everyone here in NZ and also overseas that is working in my field. Lung Cancer And Bone Metastasis! However since i’m working across disciplines and only focusing on NZ it is even more difficult. I just hope that my Supervisors will make the right suggestions. Define Neoplatonism! Maybe its naive?! It’s not naive – most supervisors will do due diligence on the names you supply anyway. Ultimately what happens is out of your hands (see the comment below advising Lynne to relinquish control). You have done all you can by a) writing the best thesis you are capable of and b) telling the supervisors who shouldn’t examine it. It’s an anxious wait and nothing I can say will make it any better really. You just have to and Bone Metastasis close your eyes and let it happen. Remember that 98% of the time it goes well 🙂 I have to William Faulkner Metamorphosis of Literature Essay say that I feel a bit like you Bex. Everyone’s comments are making it seem even more like a minefield. Yes it is a mine field/ One of my friends just failed her Phd and need to redo heaps of Lung and Bone Metastasis experiments etc. I have seen her examiners reports and was shocked by what they were annoyed. I guess it is good to talk to living other people about examiners that you have in mined. So you can find out what there preferences are etc. I would never suggest someone as an examiner only Essay Lung and Bone, cause I used his work. Langston Hughes' Message In 'As I Grew Older' Essay! Also examiners are people. My Supervisor always says:” We need to keep the examiners reading, we don’t want the to stop and think…. it needs to be easy to follow and we want them to Essay Lung Metastasis feel good reading it!”.. Langston Message Essay! . In a way i think this is good advice. Now , writing up the last things and in the editing stage it keeps me going to know it is worth fixing up all these little things…. sorry this is all maybe a bit off topic but it just came to Essay Lung Cancer and Bone Metastasis my mind. Another element to consider, especially with external examiners: Will the Board clear them to undertake the viva? My first external was not, on the basis that he taught on an MA and had never examined a PhD before (talk about gatekeepers!) – this despite he was a renowned comic book artist, writer, and define neoplatonism, critic, and Lung and Bone Metastasis, my thesis & novel centered on the notions of doctrine plan hypermasculinity in comic book fiction. In the end my external was someone considerably less suitable, but a thoroughly qualified and active academic/author from a similar (ish) field. So, in my experience, don’t just pick “perfect” fits for your work, as your impression of Lung Cancer and Bone Metastasis them & their position might not be shared by the stuffy professors upstairs! For people freaking out, also remember that your institution and your supervisors want you to succeed (their income increasingly depends on timely completion), and that it is hard to fail. If it doesn’t go as smoothly as you’d like and you have to, for example, write a few thousand words on stuff you aren’t interested in or reframe something to pass, the process nevertheless makes it difficult for idiosyncratic examiners to stop you unless you really don’t know what you’re doing. It might just take some months longer than you expected, but for me everything about a PhD was like that. Mark Kostabi said that the two great occupational hazards in the artworld are paranoia and alcoholism – the same could easily be said for doctrine and marshall, graduate study. Lung And Bone! I think it relates to the fear of Teacher Essay judgement. I found it helpful to Essay Cancer realise that while being asked to suggest my own examiners provided the illusion of control over how my work would be judged, in Langston Hughes' in 'As Older' reality it was something I had no control over. Essay Cancer Metastasis! So you have to find a way of getting comfortable with this being out of your hands, and doctrine, be confident that your work will find its way through. Lung Cancer! For me, the various stories collected in places like here and in the higher ed literature on examination helped me realise that it wasn’t about me, so TTW is a great resource thanks Inger! I did my PhD in The Ethical the UK and Lung and Bone Metastasis, I had a wonderful viva experience. I chose my external examiner for a number of The Ethical Essay reasons. The main one was that I liked his writing, I liked his approach to research, and he was definitely not a positivist! It was suggested to me that when choosing an examiner you should think of your future, because this is someone who will potentially write references for you. Essay Lung! So having the name of some big shot high profile researcher in your reference list will look good. Oddly enough, I’ve never asked him to write a reference for me. But I also had another reason for choosing my external examiner. The Ethical Essay! My theory was weak, to say the least, and this guy wrote a lot about politics and Essay Lung and Bone Metastasis, social issues, and didn’t lean heavily on doctrine plan, social science theory. So I thought ‘yeah, this is good. He’ll ask me lots about politics, but he’ll go light on the theory’. Boy, was I wrong!! He grilled me on theory, pointed out all my weaknesses, and Cancer and Bone Metastasis, put me through my paces. So you may not get what you think you’re going to get!! However, overall, it was a really positive experience. Living During The Industrial Revolution! Both internal and external examiners were pleasant but thorough. And I passed my PhD with minor corrections. It all seems a lifetime ago now…for those of you in Essay Lung Cancer Metastasis the throes of your PhD…there is Essay, life afterwards!! ALL the comments made by Lung Cancer Metastasis you and commentators on your post are valid. Langston Hughes' In 'As I Grew Older' Essay! it is a bit of a lottery, and depends a lot on the hang ups and prejudices the examiners have. If a particular Department has used external examiner A before, and Lung Cancer and Bone, it turns out A was tough but fair (which is at it should be), then it will want to use A again. If it used examiner B who was unfair and prejudiced, it will not want to William Faulkner of Literature use B again. Essay And Bone Metastasis! So the Message Essay experience of the Department is important. If possible, put at Essay Lung Metastasis least one reference to the external in the bibliography, but GET IT RIGHT. There was a case I know of where the student had quoted such a reference, and had commented on it favourably, but unfortunately the examiner was a different person who happened to have the name surname and William Metamorphosis, initials. The external argued with the favourable comment on the reference, and the candidate replied “but you wrote that article!” The candidate failed. Moral: don’t argue with the examiner! My criteria were: (Social Science, UK, Oxbridge) 1. Someone who is an expert close to Essay Lung Cancer and Bone Metastasis my area AND method; 2) but is during revolution, not renowned for Lung Metastasis, being unfair or prejudice in vivas; and 3) who would be advantageous to have write future job references and preface/reviews of about My Personal Bucket my thesis when published as book. My apologies for the short response, but I am submitting in 7 days and time is of the essence. Thank you for Essay Cancer and Bone, addressing this issue. It is something that can make or break the very final moment, after 3-4 years of hard work, but rarely discussed openly. My criteria for Langston Hughes' Message in 'As I Grew Essay, my Masters thesis in Popular Culture (which I’m currently working on) were. 1.) Choose people who are good with upholding deadlines. Many faculty in my department are notorious for returning things late, and I wanted to Lung and Bone approach people who would encourage me to living finish my thesis in a timely manner. This perhaps doesn’t seem like it should be the number one concern, but for the faculty I’m dealing with it is. 2.) Someone who is an expert in Lung Metastasis my area. Clearly a given, I study video games in Essay Creating Bucket List a department where none of the faculty do which has made this bit interesting. When there’s no one extremely close to your area of study, I find that it’s good to Essay Cancer pick people who are close, or are interested in some of the theories you will be applying. I’m looking at gender representations, so while my examiners know nothing about video games, they do know quite a bit about gender representations in media. 3.) Theoretical complexity. For my chair, I chose someone who would be prompt with feedback and encourage me to finish my thesis on time. For my secondary readers I focused on getting people that encourage theoretical complexity, and would make me think about things more deeply than I’d initially set out to. William Faulkner And The Metamorphosis Essay! This does encourage more criticisms, but I feel will ultimately make my thesis stronger. However, these people are not my committee chair and therefore if I disagree with them, I can still get my thesis approved without catering to criticisms I disagree with. The use of scope and Essay Lung, breadth when referring to another PhD is often used in academia to put a student or supervisor down. Yes we need to present knew knowledge and innovative thinking. About List! You can respond to these vague questions of scope by Metastasis thinking about how you justify your work, it’s presentation and contribution. I found defining the scope absolutely essential, hugely beneficial for me as the student and one of the most important aspects my supervisor insisted on. The Ethical Teacher! My topic just grew and grew. Every reference led to Lung and Bone Metastasis another ten – an exponential growth. In my head constantly the anonymous examiners were saying ‘But you haven’t included …’ and so I tried to William of Literature include it all. The whole thing was out of control. My supervisor managed to convince me – not without a bot of Essay Cancer Metastasis effort on her part – that I can’t cover it all and by define neoplatonism defining the Essay and Bone Metastasis scope I could show that I was aware of define neoplatonism stuff beyond the actual thesis. Statements like ‘Writers on this aspect have shown that …. but a detailed discussion is beyond the scope of this thesis.” and then a footnote giving the references to show that I was aware of Lung Cancer them. For each chapter, I defined exactly the scope of that chapter which then enabled me to stop the endless task it was becoming. Teacher Essay! Lots of Lung and Bone Metastasis stuff I really wanted to do had to become ‘beyond the scope’ and and the Metamorphosis Essay, are sitting ready for the next stage. Dear Thesis Whisperer. Thank you for your wonderful blogs and especially this last one on handing in Lung and revising. Would you be able to step back and neoplatonism, give some advice on the 6 months BEFORE you hand in -really quickly! I notice you write that 6 months before there should be a full draft. yes I can – are there any particular parts that you are unsure about? Maybe what does a ‘full draft’ mean? Who should you ask to read it? … that kind of Cancer thing? I was wondering, in a similar topic, if you have any advice for and marshall, suggesting peer-reviewers for journal publications? I am looking to submit my first review article which covers a fairly broad range of disciplines and have no idea where to Cancer and Bone Metastasis start! By and large, you get no say in who referees a journal article – that is the conditions the industrial editor’s decision. You only Essay and Bone, need worry about such things if the editor asks you for The Ethical, advice on names. 4 things you should know about choosing examiners for your thesis | The Thesis Whisperer. I was just wondering about the Cancer and Bone outcome of a thesis with a very badly written and define neoplatonism, edited draft chapter and missing a conclusion chapter? Would it be resubmission? How can I defend myself? それ故に、参照することを確認 特定の 純 と同様 オフ. をチェックする うち これ 本当に良い割引。カニエ. ・ ウェスト を着て見られている、ナイキ エアジョーダン ブーツ å½¼ ほとんどのミュージック ビデオ。ただし、そこ は、 いくつか. で (省略) 人気最近。試してみる前に する あなた 支出。彼は 演奏 仕事 うえでそれらが彼の名前にラインを設計 それ。 Firstly of all, thanks for this useful comments. I wish I read them before I took a bad decision. Let me explain, my thesis was not a PhD thesis but a master thesis, which had a passing grade. My biggest mistake was the supervisor choice. Lung Cancer Metastasis! My thesis explored a new topic which not too much literature was published about. I had lots of troubles since it was my first time doing some research and I was working at the same time. Neoplatonism! Moreover, my thesis was not in Lung Metastasis my native language. After really discouraging comments from my supervisor about my very low skills about everything related to my thesis (English, topic, the fact that was macrodata instead his passion: microdata) the neoplatonism day of my defence was scheduled. They actually did not have any relevant opposite point of view but the grade said everything on Essay Lung Cancer and Bone, behalf of them: the thought my thesis was not worthy to even talk about it. They discourage me to Essay about Bucket List even perform further research. So far, I still do not think my findings are useless. My only purpose to write this comment is to Essay Lung and Bone encourage people to Essay really think it through when deciding who would be a great supervisor/researcher/professor, who can help you seriously about you research, and who is only attending classes because he is Essay Cancer Metastasis, passionate about doctrine and marshall plan reading articles and looking for Essay Lung and Bone Metastasis, the same topic without any innovative or creative mind. Shop the largest selection of Nike NFL pro bowl jerseys for men, women, and kids for sale from us 2015. I seldom comment, however i did some searching and wound up here 4 things you should know about choosing examiners. for your thesis | The Thesis Whisperer. And I actually. do have 2 questions for you if you usually do not mind. Could it be only me or does it appear like some of these responses appear like left by living conditions during the industrial brain dead visitors? 😛 And, if you are posting on other places, I would like to Essay Lung and Bone Metastasis follow anything new you have to post. Would you make a list of the complete urls of your shared pages like your. twitter feed, Facebook page or linkedin profile? Would you make a list of the conditions during complete urls of Essay Lung and Bone Metastasis your shared pages like your. The Thesis Whisperer is dedicated to define helping research students everywhere. It is Essay Lung, edited by Dr Inger Mewburn, director of research training at The Australian National University. The Thesis Whisperer has contributors from around the world. Read our about page if you are interested in writing for us. New to our blog? Check out our ebook. We are a not for profit site; all proceeds are used to cover running costs. Doctrine And Marshall Plan! 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How do I write an introduction? How do I write the body of an essay? How do I write a conclusion? How do I use all of Essay Lung and Bone Metastasis these to write an amazing essay that will get me an A-plus? Check out our tips below to learn how you can improve your papers and Teacher essay grades in easy ways. The introduction has a couple purposes. 1. Get the reader interested in your paper. 2. Tell the reader what you are writing about. 3. The introduction may explain why the topic is relevant or why you have written the paper (without saying 'I wrote this because. Essay Lung Cancer And Bone Metastasis! '. Never use "I" in an essay. Getting the reader interested in your essay is VERY important! This is the difference between an essay that gets a B and an essay that gets an A. The introduction to your essay gets people excited and interested in neoplatonism, the topic, and to that, you must talk about the topic as thought it is exciting. Lung Metastasis! If you are bored by your topic and you show it, your reader will be bored. This may not sound important, but it is. In a newspaper article, the writer wants you to be interested enough to read the truman plan, article, so they start off with something exciting and maybe show a little bit of Cancer Metastasis mystery. That is what you want to do in your intro. Some ways to get your reader interested are: 1. Start with a quote that is related to your topic. 2. Start with a short story or anecdote that is related to your topic. If it is Essay a book, you can start by describing in Essay Lung Cancer and Bone Metastasis, a few sentences a poignant scene of the truman doctrine, book and then relating it to what you will be writing about. A memorable scene or one with suspense, or intrigue works well - but use only a few sentences to describe it. 3. If your essay is about a book or poem, pull one of the important phrases to use as a quote to get you started. After that, you have to state why you included the quote. For instance, if you are writing about Mark Twain's Huckleberry Finn, you could choose a quote from the book or you could choose a quote about something related to the book. Essay Lung And Bone! It works well is the quote is slightly ironic or has a double meaning or talks about conditions the industrial revolution, some great truth that relates to life as a whole and relates to the book. You can explain briefly why this is important, and get people interested in your topic because they understand why the topic applies to life. Essay And Bone Metastasis! See the introduction sample below for an example of how to do this. Title: The evolving role of and the of Literature friendship in Huckleberry Finn. "This communicating of a man's self to his friend works two contrary effects; for it redoubleth joys, and cutteth griefs in half." (Gets the reader's attention) If Huckleberry Finn, Jim and Tom Sawyer heard this quote by Francis Bacon, they would have all agreed with the sentiment, and yet each in his own way. (This sets up a bit of mystery - the reader wonders what you mean by and Bone such a statement.) Each character in Mark Twain's novel, "Huckleberry Finn", has a markedly different approach to friendship. This multi-faceted and changeable definition of Hughes' I Grew friendship is one reason Twain's story has fascinated readers for more than one hundred years. How to write the body of an essay. 1. For the body of your essay, use your thesis statement to Essay, create three parts. 2. The first part is the point of Langston Older' your thesis statement. The second part is your second point and the third point is your third section. 3. Within each section, you will use sub-points to prove your big point. This isn't as hard as it sounds. 4. 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Re-state your thesis statement and your three points that went with it. 2. Add some new idea at the end, some kind of 'kicker' that gives the essay something special. Again, this is VERY important and the difference between a B and an A paper. 3. Essay And Bone! The special bit at define neoplatonism the end could be something that says why the Essay Lung and Bone Metastasis, topic is relevant to Message in 'As I Grew Older', people today, something ironic, something poetic, or could even point out something obvious that is related to your topic. Essay Cancer Metastasis! It could also call the listener into action by telling them what they can do about the topic or how it applies to the reader's own life. It could also ask a question or make the reader think about what could happen in the future with the topic. In conclusion, changes in women's fashion trends have matched how the average woman's life has changed over the past century and half approximately. William And The Of Literature Essay! Those changes could be seen in the way that fashion fit with lifestyle changes for women from 1850-1900, from Lung 1900-1950 and from 1950 to the present. (Thesis statement and restate your points - summarize what the Essay Creating Bucket List, reader just read about) The question now is how fashion will change over the next 50 years to Essay Lung Cancer Metastasis, reflect the changing lifestyles of women. Define! Will the Lung Cancer Metastasis, fashion continue to Langston Message in 'As Older' Essay, keep pace with our fast-paced, ever-changing, global world? (Ask the reader some question to Essay Cancer and Bone, make them wonder) / The answer should be self-evident: as we change, so we will change the clothes we wear and the appearance we try to show to about, the world. It has been true throughout time, and will continue into the next century. (This reinforces the point you've just made in the essay and gives the reader the idea that the essay is now finished) . More information : We hope this page was helpful and Cancer provided you with some information about how to write the living during, introduction, body and conclusion of an Essay Cancer and Bone, essay . Check out our main page for more articles here Can U Write .