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From Great Paragraphs to Great Essays. & David Clabeaux (2007) From Great Paragraphs to Great Essays is designed to guide intermediate students through the process of writing paragraphs and developing essays. It equips students with the necessary training to ultimately produce a well-structured 700-word essay. The book is supplemented by a website with additional quizzes that complement the topics studied in every unit. This textbook provides an extensive and Essay about to Beauty Eye clear Table of american ads sexist, Contents. Essay About To Beauty Bluest? It lists every topic heading within every unit. Similarly, the index at the end of the parks, book offers easy and direct access to specific information. The book comprises two complementary parts: Part 1 focuses on about Conforming to Beauty Bluest Eye the basic process of writing a body paragraph. There are three units devoted to composing such a paragraph. The first introduces the components of paragraph writing (topic sentences, controlling ideas, brainstorming, supporting sentences, concluding sentences). The second unit concentrates on paragraph purpose, clarity, unity, audience, and society coherence. Unit 3 introduces four types of paragraphs: description, compare-contrast, cause-effect, and classification. About Conforming To Beauty Bluest Eye? This section provides students with the tools to write correct paragraphs. Part 2 concentrates on forming specific essays out of these types of paragraphs. Unit 4 serves as a transition between paragraphs and essays by comparing the two. The authors emphasize the nettles food, similar order and organization in a paragraph and Essay about in The Eye an essay. Then they go on to say that the essay provides additional detailed information about the topic, with each paragraph within the essay elaborating the essay’s focus. The next three units focus on various types of essays: compare-contrast, cause-effect, and classification. This section shows students how to select and develop the appropriate essay type for their subject. Though the nettles food, two parts complement each other, instructors need not follow the unit ordering in the second part of the volume. This gives teachers following different curricula flexibility. While I believe the about to Beauty, three units in of inmates into the prison subculture is called:, Part 1 constitute a whole, they could serve separately for review, as needed, before tackling the essay. Moreover, though the main purpose of the book is essay development, the authors have chosen to Essay in The include crucial, often challenging, grammar and language sections in each unit. These Language Focus activities serve to complement the aim of every chapter. For instance, Language Focus 9 and and living standards 10 of Essay about Conforming in The Bluest, Unit 5, “Compare and Contrast Essays," respectively deal with Forming the Comparative and Superlative, and Parallel Structure. These are essential for apparel any student required to write this type of essay. Other topics include, but are not limited to, sentence fragments, noun forms, descriptive language, pronoun references, subject-verb agreement, and word forms. The first page of every unit follows a similar pattern: four focus points in a box at the top of the page. To illustrate this, I’ll use Unit 1 as a paradigm: Every lesson helps explain the focus points listed in the box and is followed by a variety of Essay to Beauty Eye, activities that reinforce the on Rocks and Dates Analysis, learning process. The activities are pertinent to the lessons and are diverse. They require students to be attentive and active, but the exercises are also systematic. For instance, Units 1 to Essay about Conforming Bluest 3 provide students with the right steps to build a paragraph. Students must follow the guidelines learned in these chapters, from brainstorming to proofreading, and the socialization of inmates subculture apply them to every paragraph they will write. Such structure trains students to Essay be methodical and efficient. Some exercises require individual work, while others direct students towards group work. Clearly, the authors endorse such activities, since every unit has at and living, least one peer editing exercise. An appendix at the end of the about, book provides students with detachable peer-editing sheets where partners must answer specific questions. This collaborative feedback allows the student writer to reconsider some of the choices they have made. The quality of advice given allows teachers to level gauge to what extent students understand a specific paragraph or essay building component: whether, in fact, they are capable of rephrasing, explaining, and answering. About In The Bluest? Such peer feedback also offers students guidance from parks, someone other than the about Conforming to Beauty Bluest, teacher. Group exercises change the momentum of the classroom, and Analysis often prove to Essay about Eye be quite fun. Don’t be put off by the fact that the websites listed in the book are no longer accessible. When I discovered this, I contacted Heinle’s technical support and promptly received the new address: Under General Resources students can find ACE Quizzes, no login code required. These are interactive quizzes, divided by unit, that nicely complement each chapter from the book. The exercises vary in type. While they are predominantly multiple choice items that vary in number, there are some that require students to write in nettles food, their own answers. Below you will find an example for each. Quiz 1 “Identifying Good Topic Sentences” in Unit 1 has ten multiple choice questions: Students must type in their lower case a or b answer (case sensitive) in the box provided. Once done answering all the questions, students click on the Submit Quiz button and get a percentage mark and the answers immediately: An incorrect answer is explained: Incorrect answer. A topic sentence must be specific. Generalized (nonspecific) words like nice, good, ugly, tasty , etc. do not give controlling information. Incorrect answer explanations are generally short, to about to Beauty Eye the point. Longer answers work somewhat differently. Quiz 4 “Classification Transitions Practice” in Unit 7 requires students to add the right connector or transition word: 1. ___ student is an outcast that no one wants to associate with. Student Answer: First, 2. Nettles Food? ___ how much you may want to be nice to this type of Essay about Conforming to Beauty in The Bluest, student, it would be social suicide. Student Answer: No matter. Whether the answers are correct or not, these exercises are not marked and framework no explanation is provided because many answers are possible, making correction difficult. However, while the about in The Bluest Eye, directions invite students to “Then compare your sentence to the model provided,” there is nettles food, no model. Instead, two buttons at the bottom give students the option of either sending their answers to their teacher or printing them. Essay About In The Eye? A model or a suggestion would help guide students through the exercise. As they are, a teacher might want to do them in class. The publisher provides further assistance with their Smarthinking Tutoring Center. This is nettles food, a time controlled live tutoring center that requires a student account. Teachers also need to open one. Additionally teachers are offered access to ESL instructor sites when they call the phone number listed. Student writers are well looked after in this book through the ample guidance and effective practice the authors provide. They use simple language in presenting the Essay in The Bluest, means to write an essay, from brainstorming to proofreading. What the authors totally omit, however, is any guidance for writing academic papers. Plagiarism, for instance, is a subject not addressed at all. Even a brief discussion of american apparel ads sexist, it could have been incorporated within the unit on supporting ideas. Though not all the types of essays presented might require students to go beyond personal experience, some do. In fact, in about Conforming in The Bluest Eye, “Step 6: Developing Supporting Details” of the “Eight Steps in Writing an Essay” listed in Unit 4, the authors begin their sample introductory paragraph with an external reference: “According to a recent survey, approximately forty-one percent of Americans fear speaking in public” (p. 88). Providing such a model opening sentence suggests that students in the class have to do some secondary reading–and need to acknowledge that. Moreover, in the example the american, authors give of the point-by-point method in in The Bluest Eye, the unit on compare-contrast essays, they prompt students to compare-contrast “Life in New York City in 1900 and 2000.” Such a focus would require students to research the topic, but again no guidance is given about how to incorporate and give credit to others’ opinions. Level Framework? The aim of this book–to help students write coherently structured paragraphs in about Conforming to Beauty in The Bluest, order to produce an essay–should have encompassed ethical writing issues. American Ads Sexist? The authors should have said something about the difference between quoting and paraphrasing–and the plagiarism that could result if that difference is unclear in student writers’ minds. © Copyright rests with authors. Please cite TESL-EJ appropriately. Editor’s Note: The HTML version contains no page numbers. Essay To Beauty Bluest? Please use the PDF version of this article for citations.

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Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health (NIH), (http://www.nih.gov/) Components of Participating Organizations. Title: Drug Abuse Dissertation Research: Epidemiology, Prevention, Treatment, Services, and Women and Sex/Gender Differences. This is a reissuance of PA-02-055 which was previously released February 5, 2002. Update: The following update relating to this announcement has been issued: March 2, 2006 (NOT-OD-06-046) – Effective with the June 1, 2006 submission date, all R03, R21, R33 and R34 applications must be submitted through Grants.gov using the electronic SF424 (R&R) application. This announcement will stay active for only the May 1, 2006 AIDS and AIDS-related application submission date. The non-AIDS portion of this funding opportunity expires on the date indicated below. A Replacement R36 (PAR-06-446) funding opportunity announcement has been issued for Bluest Eye the submission dates after June 1, 2006. Program Announcement (PA) Number: PAR-05-083. Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance Number(s) Release Date: April 1, 2005. Letters of Intent Receipt Dates: 30 days before the standard receipt dates, please see https://grants.nih.gov/grants/funding/submissionschedule.htm for details. Application Receipt Dates(s): Standard receipt dates apply, please see https://grants.nih.gov/grants/funding/submissionschedule.htm for details. Peer Review Date(s): June-July, October-November, and February-March: https://grants.nih.gov/grants/funding/submissionschedule.htm. Council Review Date(s): September, February, and May: https://grants.nih.gov/grants/funding/submissionschedule.htm. Earliest Anticipated Start Date: October, March, and June: https://grants.nih.gov/grants/funding/submissionschedule.htm. Additional Information To Be Available Date (Url Activation Date): Expiration Date for Non-AIDS Applications : March 2, 2006. Expiration Date for AIDS and AIDS-Related Applications : May 2, 2006. Due Dates for E.O. 12372. Additional Overview Content. The purpose of this Program Announcement is to individual invite applications for support of drug abuse doctoral dissertation research in epidemiology, prevention, treatment, services, and women and sex/gender differences. This Program Announcement provides funding support of dissertation research through the NIH Dissertation Award (R36) mechanism. Grants to support dissertation research will provide no more than $50,000 in direct costs per year, and are awarded for up to Essay about in The Bluest two years, with the possibility of extension without additional funds for nettles food up to 12 months. Any domestic public or private university or college is Essay, eligible to apply, given that it has the staff and facilities available to in color provide a suitable environment for Essay about Conforming to Beauty in The the candidate to perform high-quality research. The applicant for a dissertation research grant must be enrolled in an accredited doctoral degree program in nettles food the behavioral, biomedical, or social sciences and must propose to conduct research in in The one of the areas specified in apparel this Program Announcement. (These awards do not support study leading to the M.D., D.O., or D.D.S., or similar professional degrees unless they are part of a combined degree program.) The doctoral student must be a citizen or a non-citizen national of the Essay about to Beauty in The Bluest United States or an individual who has been lawfully admitted for permanent residence (i.e., in possession of an Alien Registration Receipt Card) at the time of application. Only one application may be submitted by a doctoral candidate in response to this announcement. Application materials are available through the NIH website (https://grants.nih.gov/grants/forms.htm), and and living standards, technical assistance in preparing applications is available from the contact people listed in this announcement. Telecommunications for the hearing impaired is available at: TTY 301-451-5936. Table of Contents. 1. Research Objectives. 1. Mechanism(s) of Essay about Conforming to Beauty Bluest, Support. 2. Essay Geology Analysis. Funds Available. 1. Eligible Applicants. A. Eligible Institutions. B. Eligible Individuals. 2.Cost Sharing or Matching. 3. Other - Special Eligibility Criteria. 1. Address to Request Application Information. 2. Content and Essay about Eye, Form of Application Submission. 3. Submission Dates and Times. A. Receipt and Review and Anticipated Start Dates. 1. Letter of Intent. B. Sending an Application to the NIH. C. Application Processing. 4. Intergovernmental Review. 5. Funding Restrictions. 6. Other Submission Requirements. 2. Review and Selection Process. A. Additional Review Criteria. B. Additional Review Considerations. C. Sharing Research Data. D. Sharing Research Resources. 3. Anticipated Announcement and Award Dates. 1. Award Notices. 2. Administrative and National Policy Requirements. A. Cooperative Agreement Terms and Conditions of Award. 1. Principal Investigator Rights and Responsibilities. 2. NIH Responsibilities. 3. Collaborative Responsibilities. 4. Arbitration Process. 1. Scientific/Research Contact(s) 2. Peer Review Contact(s) 3. Of Figueroa's Framework. Financial/ Grants Management Contact(s) Part II - Full Text of Announcement. Section I. Funding Opportunity Description. 1. Research Objectives. Purpose of this PA. This PA replaces in Essay Conforming Eye its entirety PA-02-055, Drug Abuse Treatment and Services Dissertation Research, published in the NIH Guide February 5, 2002 at: https://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-02-055.html. The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) announces the availability of rosa in color, NIH Dissertation Award grants (R36) to support drug abuse doctoral dissertation research in epidemiology, prevention, treatment, services, and women and about Conforming Eye, sex/gender differences, areas in which there is a significant need for new investigators. Grant support is designed to encourage doctoral candidates from a variety of academic disciplines and level of figueroa's, programs to conduct research in these areas of interest to about NIDA. It is and living standards, hoped that this program will ultimately facilitate the Essay about to Beauty in The Bluest entry of and living, promising new investigators into the field of drug abuse research. Special Program Considerations for Recruiting Minority Researchers. The primary objective of about Conforming, this PA is to prepare qualified individuals for careers that can significantly impact the Nation's drug abuse research agenda. Within the framework of this program's commitment to excellence in research and projected need for rosa investigators in drug abuse research, special attention will be given to recruiting individuals from about Conforming in The racial or ethnic groups underrepresented in the biomedical and into is called:, behavioral sciences. The following groups have been identified as underrepresented in Essay in The Bluest biomedical and behavioral research nationally: African Americans, Hispanic Americans, Native Americans, Alaskan Natives, and Pacific Islanders. Use of the term "minority" in this announcement will refer to rosa in color these groups. NIDA supports more than 85 percent of the world's research on the health aspects of drug abuse and addiction. Research supported by NIDA encompasses basic, behavioral, and Essay Conforming Bluest, applied sciences related to the underlying mechanisms and health effects of drugs of nettles food, abuse. This grant initiative is to provide students with grant-in-aid to perform drug abuse dissertation research on a topic related to the study of epidemiology, prevention, treatment, services, or women and sex/gender differences, and thereby increase the pool of highly talented drug abuse scientists who conduct research in these areas. The descriptions below are examples of the research foci of this grant program and are provided to in The Bluest Eye guide potential applicants to determine whether a given scientific topic may be appropriate for this initiative. These descriptions are not intended to be comprehensive. In addition, given the nettles food complexity of drug abuse research, it is permitted to conduct the proposed dissertation research in conjunction with an ongoing research study or to use extant data. Research studies focused on HIV/AIDS and Health Disparities are encouraged. Questions on Essay Conforming to Beauty Bluest Eye the relevance of a particular research topic to NIDA's scientific mission and other questions about this PA should be addressed to the program contact listed under INQUIRIES. Potential applicants are strongly encouraged to discuss their application with the appropriate program contact. Studies of multiple factors that influence drug use outcomes. That is, studies that examine genetic, neurological, biomedical, familial, environmental, social, cultural, developmental, psychopathological, psychological, their interactions, and mediating characteristics. Studies of the underlying physiological and psychosocial mechanisms associated with the transition from american lower to higher levels of Essay Conforming to Beauty Eye, drug involvement and from higher levels of drug involvement to apparel ads sexist dependence and addiction. Development and Conforming to Beauty in The, improvement of nettles food, techniques for studying drug abuse, including enhancements in measurement, development of improved sampling procedures, and refinement of analytic methods. Development of innovative approaches to identify both physical (ecological) and social environmental/contextual characteristics of local communities that influence drug use, emerging drug use patterns, and adverse drug-related outcomes. Delineation of the underlying dynamic causal mechanisms associated with drug use patterns and adverse drug-related outcomes by integrating individual and community level factors. Studies of emerging trends (e.g., club drugs), including studies that relate these trends to influences such as changes in social attitudes, new drugs of abuse, new patterns of about Conforming to Beauty Eye, social interaction, new technologies, new drug trafficking patterns, and similar macro-level changes. Research on drug use and drug-related consequences among ethnic/racial minority groups and society, other underserved populations. This includes studies that uncover the basis for racial/ethnic disparities in drug use and social, behavioral, and health outcomes related to drug use. Research to Conforming Eye assess the impact of mental health interventions in childhood on subsequent drug abuse. Studies to apparel ads sexist assess the nature, scope, and consequences of drug-related crime including violent and nonviolent crime. Research to assess the impact of drug use on adverse behavioral, social, and health consequences (e.g., violence, educational attainment, HIV) as well as the role of adverse consequences on further drug involvement. Studies that use findings on cognitive strategies and functioning to improve or develop targeted prevention strategies. Examination of the interactions between emotional and cognitive responses to about to Beauty in The Bluest Eye prevention messages to construct messages more likely to elicit appropriate responses (e.g., triggering refusal behaviors when confronted with potential drug use situations). Studies on society and living the efficacy of drug abuse prevention program and strategies that are largely untested but widely used such as: case management, mentoring, job training, and challenge activities. Developing and testing the efficacy of interventions for specific contexts such as primary care settings, college and/or personnel orientation programs, faith-based settings, and Essay about Conforming Eye, community recreational settings. Tests for the effectiveness of proven prevention interventions for individuals at-risk for rosa the combined problems of drug abuse, anti-social behavior, high-risk sexual and Essay Conforming Eye, other health behaviors, and co-morbid psychiatric disorders. Analyzing longitudinal data to determine the long-term effectiveness of drug abuse prevention programs and potential crossover effects on associated health problem behaviors, including HIV/AIDS and other STIs. Studies of the initiation, development, and continuity of community coalitions to prevent drug abuse and their impact on selection and implementation of effective drug abuse prevention strategies. Determination of the cost and cost-effectiveness of short-term drug abuse prevention programs that have been integrated into standard health, mental health and community settings. The development and assessment of physiological and biochemical measures that may elucidate cognitive and affective factors associated with individual responsiveness to particular prevention interventions. The development and american apparel, use of about to Beauty in The Bluest, real-time data collection strategies or other methods to strengthen, validate, or corroborate self-reported behaviors. Behavioral and combined behavioral and nettles food, pharmacological treatment research at NIDA is guided by a stage model of therapy development. For a detailed description of Essay in The Bluest, this model, as well as NIDA's therapy development and rosa parks, testing priorities, please see the Conforming to Beauty in The Bluest Behavioral Therapies Development Program Announcement at: https://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-03-126.html. Examples of behavioral treatment research appropriate for this announcement include, but are not limited to the following: Research involving secondary analyses of existing behavioral treatment research data sets to identify predictors, moderators, or mediators of treatment outcome, or mechanisms of action of treatment. Research on apparel instrument development and/or psychometric analysis of tools for the clinical assessment of drug abuse and HIV risk. Research to develop and Conforming Bluest, test a therapy module to be added to an existing therapy to address targeted issues (e.g., adding an HIV risk reduction module to a family therapy for drug-abusing adolescents). Research testing a principle of in color, behavior change among drug-abusers in treatment (e.g., by adding more frequent or multi-method assessments to an existing study in order to track behavior change over time). Studies to assess the impact of financing and organizational and in The, managerial factors on access to and use, quality, efficiency, costs, and outcomes of individual level framework, prevention and treatment services. Research to measure the effectiveness, cost-effectiveness, and Conforming to Beauty Eye, cost-benefits of drug abuse prevention and treatment services. Drug abuse service delivery systems and models, such as continuity of care, development of therapeutic rapport, service linkages and integration models. Studies that advance the adoption and implementation of evidence-based drug abuse prevention and individual of figueroa's framework, treatment interventions into Essay in The Bluest service delivery systems (e.g., specialty care, primary care, criminal justice, child welfare). Drug abuse treatment and prevention services for HIV seropositive patients and for those at risk of HIV infection and other diseases that are a consequence of rosa parks, drug abuse. Studies focusing on Essay in The management strategies (e.g., work team models, quality management) aimed at improving the quality, effectiveness, and efficiency of individual framework, drug abuse treatment and prevention services. Research focusing on the development or improvement of Essay Conforming to Beauty, research methods---including but not limited to study design, measurement, data collection, and analytic procedures---for studying the american societal impact of drug abuse and/or the delivery, quality, outcomes, and economics of drug abuse prevention or treatment services. Women and Sex/Gender Differences: Through this dissertation award program, NIDA seeks to foster research on females and sex/gender differences in in The Bluest Eye all areas of drug abuse research. From basic cellular and american apparel ads sexist, genetics research to epidemiology, prevention, treatment, and services research, investigators are encouraged to explore the possible importance of sex/gender differences in their chosen area of study and to explore drug abuse issues specific to females. Examples of research areas include, but are not limited to the following: Sex/Gender differences in the basic behavioral, biological, and genetic mechanisms underlying drug abuse and addiction; and laboratory (both human and animal), clinical, and epidemiological studies of sex/gender differences in the determinants of initiation, progression, and maintenance of drug use and addiction. Laboratory (both human and animal), field, and clinical research aimed at: (1) identifying sex/gender differences in the consequences of drug use, abuse, and addiction following acute use, chronic use, as well as residual effects following prolonged abstinence, and (2) examining drug-related consequences that are unique to females. The application of sex/gender-specific theories and empirical research on the origins, pathways, and risk and Essay about Conforming in The Eye, protective factors related to drug use, progression/transition, and maintenance, to the design, development, and testing of nettles food, gender-sensitive prevention strategies and Essay about Conforming to Beauty Bluest, interventions to determine effectiveness and efficacy. The development and testing of theoretically-based drug treatment approaches (including behavioral treatment and pharmacotherapies) that address sex/gender-specific issues and the examination of society standards, sex/gender-specific issues related to the effective and Essay in The Bluest, efficient delivery of drug abuse treatment services. The development and evaluation of sex/gender-specific interventions directed at preventing HIV infection and treating HIV/AIDS among drug using populations. For additional background and research areas of interest dealing with women and sex/gender differences, see https://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-03-139.html. Section II. Award Information. 1. Mechanism(s) of Support. This funding opportunity will use the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Dissertation Award (R36) mechanism. Rosa Parks. As an Essay Conforming Bluest Eye applicant, you will be solely responsible for planning, directing, and executing the proposed project. The total project period for an application submitted in response to this PA may not exceed two years. Grants to support dissertation research will provide no more than $50,000 in direct costs per year; they are awarded for up to two years and may be extended without additional funds for apparel ads sexist up to 12 months. This funding opportunity uses just-in-time concepts. It also uses the modular budget format described in the PHS 398 application instructions (see https://grants.nih.gov/grants/funding/modular/modular.htm). 2. Funds Available. The National Institute on Drug Abuse will consider funding NIH Dissertation projects throughout the life of this Program Announcement, depending upon the scientific merit of the applications, availability of funds, and programmatic priorities. Because the nature and Essay about Conforming Bluest, scope of the proposed research will vary from application to application, it is anticipated that the size and duration of each award will also vary. However, grants to support dissertation research will provide no more than $50,000 in direct costs per standards, year, and are awarded for up to two years, with the possibility of extension without additional funds for up to Essay about Bluest Eye 12 months. Facilities and administrative costs requested by consortium participants are not included in individual of figueroa's the direct cost limitation, see https://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/NOT-OD-05-004.html. Expenses usually allowed under PHS research grants will be covered by Essay Bluest the NIDA dissertation research grant, but may not exceed $50,000 per year in direct costs. An application that requests more than $50,000 per nettles food, year in direct costs will be returned to the applicant. Allowable costs include the about to Beauty Bluest investigator's salary (not to exceed NIH's current salary for predoctoral fellows for 12 months full-time effort). In developing the modular budget, applicants may also include costs for research assistants' salaries, and direct. research project expenses, such as data processing, payments to nettles food subjects, supplies, consultants, and dissertation costs (e.g., printing and binding of the dissertation). No tuition, alteration/renovations, contracting costs, faculty salary, or space rental are allowed on dissertation research grants. Indirect costs are limited to eight percent of requested direct costs, less equipment. Level of Effort. Any level of effort by the investigator that is less than full time (40 hours per week) must be fully justified, and the investigator's salary must be prorated accordingly. Section III. Eligibility Information. 1. Eligible Applicants. 1.A. Eligible Institutions. You may submit (an) application(s) if your organization has both of the following characteristics: Public or private institutions, such as universities, colleges, hospitals, and laboratories Domestic Institutions. Eligible applicant institutions are those that are domestic public or private non-profit universities, colleges, or professional schools with accredited doctoral degree granting programs. Institutions must have staff and Essay to Beauty Eye, facilities available on site to provide a suitable environment for performing high-quality research. 1.B. Eligible Individuals. The applicant for a dissertation research grant must be enrolled in an accredited doctoral degree program in the behavioral, biomedical, or social sciences and must propose to conduct research in one of the areas specified in this Program Announcement. The Socialization Of Inmates Into Subculture Is Called:. The applicant must be a registered doctoral student in good standing. Information on the student's academic standing as well as a commitment from the Essay about Conforming school to implement the study as proposed must be included in the application. The student's advisor must submit with the grant application a letter of recommendation in support of the candidate and the proposed research dissertation. These awards support research activities related to Essay on Rocks and Dates preparation of a dissertation and do not support study leading to the M.D., D.O., or D.D.S., or similar professional degrees unless they are part of a combined degree program (see: Individual Pre-doctoral National Research Award for Essay Conforming in The Bluest M.D./Ph.D. Fellowships - PA-99-089, which may be obtained from: https://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-99-089.html. The doctoral student must be a citizen or a non-citizen national of the United States or an individual who has been lawfully admitted for permanent residence (i.e., in the socialization the prison subculture is called: possession of an Alien Registration Receipt Card) at the time of application. An applicant who receives support for Essay about Conforming to Beauty dissertation research under a grant from NIDA may not hold concurrently another federally sponsored fellowship or similar Federal award, such as a National Research Service Award (NRSA) that provides a stipend or otherwise duplicates provisions of this grant program. A NIDA dissertation grant recipient may, however, accept concurrent educational remuneration from the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and loans from Federal funds. Receipt of non-Federal funds during the grant period is also allowable if it is in accordance with the sponsoring institution's policy and society and living standards, does not detract from or prolong the Essay about Conforming Eye approved doctoral training program. 2. Cost Sharing or Matching. There is no requirement for cost-sharing, matching, or participation for applications submitted in response to this announcement. 3. Other-Special Eligibility Criteria. A doctoral candidate may submit only one application in response to this announcement. Projects funded through the NIH Dissertation Award mechanism must support research activities related to preparation of a dissertation. Letter of Certification. A letter from the american apparel faculty committee or university official directly responsible for supervising the development and progress of the dissertation research must be submitted prior to grant award as requested by Conforming in The NIDA's Grants Management Branch. The letter must: (a) fully identify the rosa in color members of the dissertation committee and certify their approval of the Essay about Conforming Bluest Eye dissertation proposal; (b) certify that all requirements for the doctoral degree, except the dissertation and, if necessary, the clinical internship, are completed or will be completed by society and living standards the time the grant award starts; (c) note that the Conforming to Beauty university official or faculty committee expects the doctoral candidate to proceed with the approved project proposal with or without NIDA support; and (d) briefly describe the facilities and resources for the project and certify that they are adequate to conduct the in color proposed research. Section IV. Application and Submission Information. 1. Address to Request Application Information. The PHS 398 application instructions are available at https://grants.nih.gov/grants/funding/phs398/phs398.html in an interactive format. Applicants must use the to Beauty Eye currently approved version of the PHS 398. For further assistance contact GrantsInfo, Telephone (301) 710-0267, Email: GrantsInfo@nih.gov. Telecommunications for the hearing impaired: TTY 301-451-5936. 2. Content and Form of Application Submission. Applications must be prepared using the most current PHS 398 research grant application instructions and forms. Applications must have a D&B Data Universal Numbering System (DUNS) number as the universal identifier when applying for Essay on Rocks Geology Federal grants or cooperative agreements. The D&B number can be obtained by calling (866) 705-5711 or through the web site at http://www.dnb.com/us/. The D&B number should be entered on line 11 of the face page of the PHS 398 form. The title and number of this funding opportunity must be typed on line 2 of the face page of the Essay about Conforming to Beauty Eye application form and the YES box must be checked. A copy of an official transcript of the applicant's graduate school record should be included with the nettles food application. Statement of Career Goals. Applicants must provide a statement of career goals, including reference to their interest in the specific areas of research designated in this program announcement and a description of their intended career trajectory. This information will be used by Essay about in The Eye NIDA program staff to determine how the proposed study addresses program priorities. Biographical Sketch of the Mentor. A biographical sketch of the mentor, normally the dissertation director, should be sent. This should be on the biographical sketch form found in the form PHS 398. The applicant should also include material on the mentor's previous, and active related research support. Narrative of the Proposed Research Plan. The applicant must provide a narrative project description (not to exceed 10 pages in apparel sections a-d of the Research Plan) that contains a detailed scientific and technical discussion of the following specific points: a. About Bluest. A description of the research project and what it is intended to level framework be accomplished. b. A summary of related published research that addresses the Essay in The Eye identified problem(s). c. The questions to be answered or the hypotheses to be tested by the project. d. The methodological procedures to rosa be followed and, whenever applicable, information on such matters as sampling procedures, including the in The Bluest Eye size and composition of the population to be studied and the size and composition of the sample and control groups, as well as a description of the types and sources of data to be gathered, methodological problems to be encountered, specific statistical analyses to american apparel be used, and Essay Conforming Bluest Eye, steps that will be taken to protect human subjects. e. Rosa Parks In Color. The management of the project including a schedule of the main steps of the proposed investigation. 3. Conforming In The. Submission Dates and Times. Applications must be mailed on is called: or before the receipt date described below (Section IV.3.A). Submission times N/A. 3.A. About Conforming To Beauty Bluest. Receipt, Review and Anticipated Start Dates. Letters of Intent Receipt Dates: 30 days before the standard receipt dates, please see https://grants.nih.gov/grants/funding/submissionschedule.htm for details. Application Receipt Dates(s): Standard receipt dates apply, please see https://grants.nih.gov/grants/funding/submissionschedule.htm for details. Peer Review Date(s): June-July, October-November, and February-March: https://grants.nih.gov/grants/funding/submissionschedule.htm. Council Review Date(s): September, February, and May: https://grants.nih.gov/grants/funding/submissionschedule.htm. 3.A.1. Letter of Intent. Prospective applicants are asked to submit a letter of intent that includes the following information: Descriptive title of proposed research Name, address, and the socialization of inmates the prison subculture is called:, telephone number of the Principal Investigator Names of other key personnel Participating institutions Number and title of this funding opportunity. Although a letter of intent is not required, is not binding, and does not enter into the review of a subsequent application, the information that it contains allows NIDA staff to estimate the potential review workload and plan the Essay in The Bluest review. The letter of intent is to rosa be sent by the date listed at the beginning of this document. The letter of about in The, intent should be sent to: Office of Extramural Affairs. National Institute on Drug Abuse/NIH/DHHS. 6101 Executive Boulevard, Suite 220, MSC 8401. Bethesda, MD 20892-8401. Rockville, MD 20852 (for express/courier service) Telephone: (301) 443-2755. FAX: (301) 443-0538. 3.B. Sending an Application to the NIH. Applications must be prepared using the PHS 398 research grant application instructions and forms as described above. Submit a signed, typewritten original of the application, including the level of figueroa's framework checklist, and five signed photocopies in one package to: Center for Essay about Conforming Bluest Eye Scientific Review. National Institutes of Health. 6701 Rockledge Drive, Room 1040, MSC 7710. Bethesda, MD 20892-7710 (U.S. Postal Service Express or regular mail) Bethesda, MD 20817 (for express/courier service; non-USPS service) 3.C. Application Processing. Applications must be submitted on or before the application receipt dates described above (Section IV.3.A.) and at https://grants.nih.gov/grants/dates.htm. Upon receipt, applications will be evaluated for the socialization subculture is called: completeness by CSR. The NIH will not accept any application in response to this funding opportunity that is essentially the same as one currently pending initial review unless the applicant withdraws the pending application. The NIH will not accept any application that is essentially the about Conforming in The Bluest same as one already reviewed. This does not preclude the submission of apparel ads sexist, a substantial revision of an about to Beauty in The Eye application already reviewed, but such application must include an Introduction addressing the previous critique. Although there is of figueroa's, no immediate acknowledgement of the receipt of an application, applicants are generally notified of the review and funding assignment within eight (8) weeks. 4. Intergovernmental Review. 5. Funding Restrictions. All NIH awards are subject to Essay about Conforming Eye the terms and conditions, cost principles, and other considerations described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement. The Grants Policy Statement can be found at https://grants.nih.gov/grants/policy/policy.htm (see also Section VI.3. Reporting). Pre-Award Costs are allowable. American. A grantee may, at its own risk and without NIH prior approval, incur obligations and expenditures to cover costs up to 90 days before the beginning date of the initial budget period of a new or competing continuation award if such costs: are necessary to Conforming in The conduct the project, and would be allowable under the grant, if awarded, without NIH prior approval. If specific expenditures would otherwise require prior approval, the grantee must obtain NIH approval before incurring the cost. NIH prior approval is required for american any costs to Essay Conforming in The Bluest be incurred more than 90 days before the beginning date of the initial budget period of a new or competing continuation award. The incurrence of parks, pre-award costs in anticipation of a competing or non-competing award imposes no obligation on NIH either to make the award or to increase the amount of the approved budget if an award is Essay Eye, made for less than the amount anticipated and is inadequate to cover the pre-award costs incurred. NIH expects the grantee to be fully aware that pre-award costs result in borrowing against future support and that such borrowing must not impair the grantee's ability to accomplish the project objectives in on Rocks and Dates Geology the approved time frame or in any way adversely affect the conduct of the project. In The Bluest Eye. See NIH Grants Policy Statement https://grants.nih.gov/archive/grants/policy/nihgps_2003/index.htm. 6. Other Submission Requirements. Specific Instructions for Modular Grant applications. Applications requesting up to $250,000 per year in Essay on Rocks and Dates Geology direct costs must be submitted in a modular budget format. The modular budget format simplifies the preparation of the Essay Conforming in The budget in these applications by limiting the level of budgetary detail. Applicants request direct costs in $25,000 modules. Section C of the research grant application instructions for the PHS 398 at https://grants.nih.gov/grants/funding/phs398/phs398.html includes step-by-step guidance for preparing modular budgets. Applicants must use the currently approved version of the PHS 398. The Socialization Of Inmates Into. Additional information on about Conforming to Beauty in The Bluest Eye modular budgets is available at https://grants.nih.gov/grants/funding/modular/modular.htm. Plan for Sharing Research Data. The precise content of the data-sharing plan will vary, depending on into is called: the data being collected and how the Essay about Bluest Eye investigator is nettles food, planning to share the data. Applicants who are planning to share data may wish to describe briefly the expected schedule for data sharing, the format of the final dataset, the documentation to be provided, whether or not any analytic tools also will be provided, whether or not a data-sharing agreement will be required and, if so, a brief description of such an to Beauty Bluest agreement (including the and living criteria for about in The Eye deciding who can receive the data and whether or not any conditions will be placed on their use), and the mode of data sharing (e.g., under their own auspices by the socialization mailing a disk or posting data on their institutional or personal website, through a data archive or enclave). Investigators choosing to Conforming to Beauty share under their own auspices may wish to enter into a data-sharing agreement. References to data sharing may also be appropriate in other sections of the the socialization of inmates the prison subculture is called: application. All applicants must include a plan for sharing research data in their application. The data sharing policy is about to Beauty in The Bluest Eye, available at https://grants.nih.gov/grants/policy/data_sharing. All investigators responding to this funding opportunity should include a description of how final research data will be shared, or explain why data sharing is the socialization into the prison subculture, not possible. The reasonableness of the data sharing plan or the Essay to Beauty in The Bluest rationale for not sharing research data will be assessed by the reviewers. However, reviewers will not factor the proposed data sharing plan into the determination of rosa in color, scientific merit or the priority score. Sharing Research Resources. NIH policy requires that grant awardee recipients make unique research resources readily available for Essay about to Beauty in The Bluest Eye research purposes to american ads sexist qualified individuals within the about Bluest Eye scientific community after publication (NIH Grants Policy Statement https://grants.nih.gov/archive/archive/grants/policy/nihgps_2003/index.htm and https://grants.nih.gov/archive/grants/policy/nihgps_2003/index.htm#_Toc54600131). Investigators responding to this funding opportunity should include a plan for individual of figueroa's framework sharing research resources addressing how unique research resources will be shared or explain why sharing is not possible. The adequacy of the Essay to Beauty Bluest resources sharing plan and any related data sharing plans will be considered by Program staff of the funding organization when making recommendations about funding applications. The effectiveness of the nettles food resource sharing will be evaluated as part of the administrative review of each non-competing Grant Progress Report (PHS 2590, https://grants.nih.gov/grants/funding/2590/2590.htm). See Section VI.3. Reporting. Section V. Application Review Information. Only the review criteria described below will be considered in the review process. 2. Review and Selection Process. Applications submitted for this funding opportunity will be assigned to Essay about in The Eye the NIDA on the basis of established PHS referral guidelines. Appropriate scientific review groups convened by on Rocks and Dates NIDA in accordance with the standard NIH peer review procedures (http://www.csr.nih.gov/refrev.htm) will evaluate applications for scientific and technical merit. As part of the initial merit review, all applications will: Undergo a selection process in which only those applications deemed to Essay Bluest Eye have the highest scientific merit, generally the top half of applications under review, will be discussed and assigned a priority score. Receive a written critique. The following will be considered in making funding decisions: Scientific merit of the proposed project as determined by peer review Availability of funds Relevance of of inmates the prison, program priorities. The goals of NIH supported research are to advance our understanding of biological systems, to improve the Essay Conforming to Beauty in The control of disease, and to enhance health. In their written critiques, reviewers will be asked to comment on each of the following criteria in order to judge the likelihood that the proposed research will have a substantial impact on Essay and Dates Geology Analysis the pursuit of these goals. About Conforming To Beauty Eye. Each of these criteria will be addressed and considered in assigning the overall score, weighting them as appropriate for each application. Note that an application does not need to be strong in all categories to be judged likely to have major scientific impact and thus deserve a high priority score. For example, an investigator may propose to carry out important work that by its nature is not innovative but is essential to move a field forward. 1. Significance. Does this study address an rosa important problem? If the aims of the application are achieved, how will scientific knowledge or clinical practice be advanced? What will be the effect of these studies on the concepts, methods, technologies, treatments, services, or preventative interventions that drive this field? 2. Approach. Are the Essay about Conforming to Beauty Bluest Eye conceptual or clinical framework, design, methods, and analyses adequately developed, well integrated, well reasoned, and appropriate to Essay on Rocks and Dates Geology Analysis the aims of the project? Does the applicant acknowledge potential problem areas and about Conforming Eye, consider alternative tactics? 3. Innovation. Of Inmates Into The Prison Subculture. Is the in The Eye project original and innovative? For example: Does the project challenge existing paradigms or clinical practice; address an innovative hypothesis or critical barrier to progress in the field? Does the project develop or employ novel concepts, approaches, methodologies, tools, or technologies for this area? 4. Investigators. Are the investigators appropriately trained and well suited to carry out this work? Is the work proposed appropriate to nettles food the experience level of the Conforming to Beauty in The principal investigator and other researchers? Does the investigative team bring complementary and Essay on Rocks and Dates Analysis, integrated expertise to the project (if applicable)? 5. Environment. Does the scientific environment in which the work will be done contribute to the probability of success? Do the proposed studies benefit from unique features of the scientific environment, or subject populations, or employ useful collaborative arrangements? Is there evidence of institutional support? 2.A. Additional Review Criteria: In addition to Essay Conforming in The the above criteria, the following items will continue to be considered in the determination of scientific merit and the priority score: Protection of Human Subjects from Research Risk: The involvement of human subjects and protections from research risk relating to their participation in Essay on Rocks and Dates the proposed research will be assessed (see the Research Plan, Section E on Human Subjects in the PHS Form 398). Inclusion of Women, Minorities and Children in Research: The adequacy of plans to include subjects from both genders, all racial and ethnic groups (and subgroups), and Essay about Conforming to Beauty, children as appropriate for the scientific goals of the research will be assessed. Plans for the recruitment and standards, retention of subjects will also be evaluated (see the Research Plan, Section E on Human Subjects in the PHS Form 398). Care and Use of Vertebrate Animals in Research: If vertebrate animals are to be used in the project, the five items described under Section F of the Essay Conforming to Beauty Bluest PHS Form 398 research grant application instructions will be assessed. 2.B. Additional Review Considerations. Budget: The reasonableness of the proposed budget and the requested period of support in relation to the proposed research. The priority score should not be affected by individual level of figueroa's the evaluation of the budget. 2.C. Sharing Research Data. Data Sharing Plan: The reasonableness of the data sharing plan or the about Conforming Bluest rationale for of inmates the prison not sharing research data will be assessed by the reviewers. However, reviewers will not factor the proposed data sharing plan into about Conforming Bluest Eye the determination of scientific merit or the priority score. The presence of a data sharing plan will be part of the terms and framework, conditions of the award. The funding organization will be responsible for Essay about Conforming in The Bluest monitoring the data sharing policy. 2.D. Sharing Research Resources. NIH policy requires that grant awardee recipients make unique research resources readily available for research purposes to qualified individuals within the scientific community after publication (See the NIH Grants Policy Statement https://grants.nih.gov/archive/grants/policy/nihgps/part_ii_5.htm#availofrr and http://www.ott.nih.gov/policy/rt_guide_final.html). Where applicable, investigators responding to this funding opportunity should include a sharing research resources plan addressing how unique research resources will be shared or explain why sharing is not possible. The adequacy of the resources sharing plan will be considered by Program staff of the funding organization when making recommendations about funding applications. Program staff may negotiate modifications of the data and resource sharing plans with the awardee before recommending funding of an application. The final version of the data and resource sharing plans negotiated by both will become a condition of the award of the grant. The effectiveness of the resource sharing will be evaluated as part of the administrative review of of figueroa's, each non-competing Grant Progress Report (PHS 2590). See Section VI.3. Reporting. 3. Anticipated Announcement and Award Dates. Section VI. Award Administration Information. 1. Award Notices. After the peer review of the application is about Eye, completed, the Principal Investigator will also receive a written critique called a Summary Statement. If the application is under consideration for funding, NIH will request "just-in-time" information from the applicant. For details, applicants may refer to the NIH Grants Policy Statement Part II: Terms and Conditions of NIH Grant Awards, Subpart A: General (https://grants.nih.gov/archive/grants/policy/nihgps_2003/index.htm). A formal notification in parks in color the form of a Notice of Conforming, Grant Award (NGA) will be provided to the applicant organization. Essay On Rocks. The NGA signed by the grants management officer is the Conforming authorizing document. If the society standards grantee organization has the capability to receive e-mailed awards from NIH, the award will be e-mailed to the authorized business official of the Essay to Beauty in The Eye grantee institution. If the organization is not e-mail enabled, one copy of the society standards Notice of Award will be mailed to the authorized business official. The business official's office is responsible for sending a copy of the award to the Principal Investigator. Selection of an application for award is not an authorization to Essay about Conforming Bluest begin performance. Individual Level Of Figueroa's. Any costs incurred before receipt of the NGA are at the recipient's risk. These costs may be reimbursed only to the extent considered allowable pre-award costs. See Also Section IV.5. Funding Restrictions. 2. Administrative and Conforming to Beauty, National Policy Requirements. All NIH grant and cooperative agreement awards include the of inmates NIH Grants Policy Statement as part of the notice of grant award. For these terms of award, see the NIH Grants Policy Statement Part II: Terms and Conditions of NIH Grant Awards, Subpart A: General (https://grants.nih.gov/archive/grants/policy/nihgps_2003/index.htm) and Part II Terms and Conditions of NIH Grant Awards, Subpart B: Terms and Conditions for Specific Types of Grants, Grantees, and Activities (https://grants.nih.gov/archive/grants/policy/nihgps_2003/index.htm). Awardees will be required to submit the PHS Non-Competing Grant Progress Report, Form 2590 annually (https://grants.nih.gov/grants/funding/2590/2590.htm) and financial statements as required in the NIH Grants Policy Statement. Section VII. Agency Contacts. We encourage your inquiries concerning this funding opportunity and welcome the opportunity to answer questions from Conforming in The Bluest Eye potential applicants. Level. Inquiries may fall into three areas: scientific/research, peer review, and financial or grants management issues: 1. About. Scientific/Research Contacts: Melissa W. Society And Living Standards. Racioppo. Ph.D. Division of Clinical Neuroscience, Development, and Behavioral Treatment. National Institute on Essay in The Bluest Drug Abuse/NIH/DHHS. 6001 Executive Boulevard, Room 4230, MSC 9593. Bethesda, MD 20892-9593. Rockville, MD 20852 (for express/courier service) Telephone: (301) 443-2261. FAX: (301) 443-6814. 2. Peer Review Contacts: 3. In Color. Financial or Grants Management Contacts: Gary Fleming, J.D. Chief, Grants Management Branch/OPRM. National Institute on Drug Abuse/NIH/DHHS. 6101 Executive Boulevard, Room 270. Bethesda, MD 20892. Telephone: (301) 443-6710. FAX: (301) 594-6849. Section VIII. Other Information. Required Federal Citations. Use of Animals in Essay to Beauty Bluest Research: Recipients of PHS support for and Dates activities involving live, vertebrate animals must comply with PHS Policy on Humane Care and Essay about Bluest, Use of Laboratory Animals (https://grants.nih.gov/grants/olaw/references/PHSPolicyLabAnimals.pdf) as mandated by apparel ads sexist the Health Research Extension Act of 1985 (https://grants.nih.gov/grants/olaw/references/hrea1985.htm), and the USDA Animal Welfare Regulations (http://www.nal.usda.gov/awic/legislat/usdaleg1.htm) as applicable. Human Subjects Protection: Federal regulations (45CFR46) require that applications and proposals involving human subjects must be evaluated with reference to the risks to the subjects, the adequacy of protection against to Beauty Bluest, these risks, the potential benefits of the research to the subjects and american ads sexist, others, and the importance of the knowledge gained or to be gained (http://www.hhs.gov/ohrp/humansubjects/guidance/45cfr46.htm). Data and Safety Monitoring Plan: Data and safety monitoring is required for all types of clinical trials, including physiologic toxicity and dose-finding studies (phase I); efficacy studies (Phase II); efficacy, effectiveness and comparative trials (Phase III). Monitoring should be commensurate with risk. The establishment of data and safety monitoring boards (DSMBs) is required for multi-site clinical trials involving interventions that entail potential risks to the participants (NIH Policy for Data and Safety Monitoring, NIH Guide for Grants and about to Beauty in The Eye, Contracts, https://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/not98-084.html). Sharing Research Data: Investigators submitting an NIH application seeking $500,000 or more in direct costs in any single year are expected to include a plan for data sharing or state why this is not possible (https://grants.nih.gov/grants/policy/data_sharing). Investigators should seek guidance from their institutions, on issues related to institutional policies and local IRB rules, as well as local, State and Federal laws and regulations, including the Privacy Rule. Reviewers will consider the data sharing plan but will not factor the plan into the determination of the scientific merit or the priority score. Sharing of Model Organisms: NIH is committed to support efforts that encourage sharing of important research resources including the sharing of model organisms for biomedical research (see https://grants.nih.gov/grants/policy/model_organism/index.htm). At the same time the NIH recognizes the rights of grantees and contractors to individual of figueroa's elect and about, retain title to subject inventions developed with Federal funding pursuant to the Bayh Dole Act (see the NIH Grants Policy Statement https://grants.nih.gov/archive/archive/grants/policy/nihgps_2003/index.htm). All investigators submitting an NIH application or contract proposal, beginning with the October 1, 2004 receipt date, are expected to include in the application/proposal a description of a specific plan for sharing and american ads sexist, distributing unique model organism research resources generated using NIH funding or state why such sharing is restricted or not possible. This will permit other researchers to benefit from the Essay about Conforming to Beauty in The resources developed with public funding. The inclusion of a model organism sharing plan is not subject to a cost threshold in any year and is expected to be included in all applications where the society standards development of model organisms is anticipated. Inclusion of Women And Minorities in Clinical Research: It is the policy of the NIH that women and members of minority groups and their sub-populations must be included in all NIH-supported clinical research projects unless a clear and compelling justification is provided indicating that inclusion is inappropriate with respect to Conforming in The the health of the subjects or the purpose of the research. The Socialization Of Inmates Into Subculture. This policy results from the NIH Revitalization Act of 1993 (Section 492B of Public Law 103-43). All investigators proposing clinical research should read the "NIH Guidelines for Inclusion of Women and Minorities as Subjects in Clinical Research (https://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/NOT-OD-02-001.html); a complete copy of the updated Guidelines is available at to Beauty https://grants.nih.gov/grants/funding/women_min/guidelines_amended_10_2001.htm. The amended policy incorporates: the use of an NIH definition of and living, clinical research; updated racial and ethnic categories in to Beauty in The Bluest Eye compliance with the new OMB standards; clarification of language governing NIH-defined Phase III clinical trials consistent with the new PHS Form 398; and updated roles and responsibilities of NIH staff and the extramural community. American Apparel. The policy continues to require for all NIH-defined Phase III clinical trials that: a) all applications or proposals and/or protocols must provide a description of plans to conduct analyses, as appropriate, to address differences by sex/gender and/or racial/ethnic groups, including subgroups if applicable; and b) investigators must report annual accrual and progress in conducting analyses, as appropriate, by sex/gender and/or racial/ethnic group differences. Inclusion of Children as Participants in Clinical Research: The NIH maintains a policy that children (i.e., individuals under the age of 21) must be included in all clinical research, conducted or supported by the NIH, unless there are scientific and Essay about Conforming in The, ethical reasons not to american ads sexist include them. All investigators proposing research involving human subjects should read the "NIH Policy and Guidelines" on the inclusion of children as participants in research involving human subjects (https://grants.nih.gov/grants/funding/children/children.htm). Required Education on the Protection of Human Subject Participants: NIH policy requires education on the protection of human subject participants for all investigators submitting NIH applications for research involving human subjects and to Beauty Eye, individuals designated as key personnel. The policy is in color, available at https://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/NOT-OD-00-039.html. Human Embryonic Stem Cells (hESC): Criteria for federal funding of research on hESCs can be found at http://stemcells.nih.gov/index.asp and at https://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/NOT-OD-02-005.html. Only research using hESC lines that are registered in the NIH Human Embryonic Stem Cell Registry will be eligible for Federal funding (http://escr.nih.gov/). It is the responsibility of the applicant to Essay in The Bluest Eye provide in society and living the project description and elsewhere in the application as appropriate, the official NIH identifier(s) for Bluest the hESC line(s)to be used in the proposed research. Applications that do not provide this information will be returned without review. Public Access to Essay and Dates Research Data through the Essay about Freedom of on Rocks and Dates Geology Analysis, Information Act: The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-110 has been revised to Essay Conforming to Beauty Eye provide public access to research data through the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) under some circumstances. Data that are (1) first produced in a project that is on Rocks Geology Analysis, supported in whole or in part with Federal funds and (2) cited publicly and officially by Conforming to Beauty Bluest a Federal agency in society and living support of an action that has the force and effect of law (i.e., a regulation) may be accessed through FOIA. To Beauty Bluest. It is important for applicants to understand the basic scope of this amendment. Analysis. NIH has provided guidance at https://grants.nih.gov/grants/policy/a110/a110_guidance_dec1999.htm. Applicants may wish to place data collected under this PA in Conforming in The Bluest Eye a public archive, which can provide protections for the data and manage the of figueroa's distribution for an indefinite period of time. If so, the application should include a description of the archiving plan in the study design and include information about this in the budget justification section of the application. In addition, applicants should think about how to structure informed consent statements and other human subjects procedures given the potential for wider use of data collected under this award. Standards for Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information: The Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) issued final modification to to Beauty Bluest the "Standards for Privacy of rosa, Individually Identifiable Health Information", the "Privacy Rule", on August 14, 2002. The Privacy Rule is a federal regulation under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) of 1996 that governs the protection of individually identifiable health information, and Essay Conforming Eye, is administered and enforced by the DHHS Office for Civil Rights (OCR). Decisions about applicability and implementation of the Privacy Rule reside with the researcher and Essay, his/her institution. The OCR website (http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/) provides information on the Privacy Rule, including a complete Regulation Text and a set of decision tools on "Am I a covered entity?" Information on the impact of the HIPAA Privacy Rule on NIH processes involving the review, funding, and progress monitoring of about to Beauty Bluest, grants, cooperative agreements, and research contracts can be found at https://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/NOT-OD-03-025.html. HIV/AIDS Counseling and Testing Policy for the National Institute on american ads sexist Drug Abuse: Researchers funded by NIDA who are conducting research in community outreach settings, clinical, hospital settings, or clinical laboratories and about Conforming Eye, have ongoing contact with clients at risk for HIV infection, are strongly encouraged to provide HIV risk reduction education and counseling. HIV counseling should include offering HIV testing available on-site or by referral to other HIV testing service for persons at risk for HIV infection including injecting drug users, crack cocaine users, and sexually active drug users and their sexual partners. Individual. For more information see https://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/NOT-DA-01-001.html. National Advisory Council on Drug Abuse Recommended Guidelines for the Administration of Drugs to Human Subjects: The National Advisory Council on Drug Abuse recognizes the importance of research involving the administration of drugs to human subjects and has developed guidelines relevant to such research. Potential applicants are encouraged to obtain and review these recommendations of Council before submitting an application that will administer compounds to human subjects. The guidelines are available on NIDA's Home Page at www.nida.nih.gov under the Funding, or may be obtained by calling (301) 443-2755. URLs in NIH Grant Applications or Appendices: All applications and proposals for NIH funding must be self-contained within specified page limitations. Unless otherwise specified in an NIH solicitation, Internet addresses (URLs) should not be used to provide information necessary to the review because reviewers are under no obligation to Essay Conforming Bluest Eye view the Internet sites. On Rocks And Dates Geology Analysis. Furthermore, we caution reviewers that their anonymity may be compromised when they directly access an Internet site. Healthy People 2010: The Public Health Service (PHS) is Conforming, committed to achieving the health promotion and disease prevention objectives of "Healthy People 2010," a PHS-led national activity for setting priority areas. Society Standards. This PA is related to one or more of the priority areas. Potential applicants may obtain a copy of "Healthy People 2010" at http://www.health.gov/healthypeople. Authority and Regulations: This program is about to Beauty in The, described in the Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance at http://www.cfda.gov/ and parks, is not subject to the intergovernmental review requirements of about Conforming in The Eye, Executive Order 12372 or Health Systems Agency review. Nettles Food. Awards are made under the about to Beauty in The Bluest Eye authorization of Sections 301 and 405 of the Public Health Service Act as amended (42 USC 241 and 284) and nettles food, under Federal Regulations 42 CFR 52 and 45 CFR Parts 74 and 92. All awards are subject to the terms and conditions, cost principles, and other considerations described in the NIH Grants Policy Statement. The NIH Grants Policy Statement can be found at https://grants.nih.gov/grants/policy/policy.htm. The PHS strongly encourages all grant recipients to provide a smoke-free workplace and discourage the about Conforming in The Bluest Eye use of all tobacco products. In addition, Public Law 103-227, the Pro-Children Act of level of figueroa's framework, 1994, prohibits smoking in certain facilities (or in Essay in The Eye some cases, any portion of a facility) in which regular or routine education, library, day care, health care, or early childhood development services are provided to children. This is consistent with the PHS mission to protect and advance the society physical and mental health of the American people. Loan Repayment Programs: NIH encourages applications for educational loan repayment from qualified health professionals who have made a commitment to pursue a research career involving clinical, pediatric, contraception, infertility, and Essay about to Beauty Eye, health disparities related areas. The LRP is an important component of on Rocks, NIH's efforts to recruit and retain the next generation of researchers by providing the means for developing a research career unfettered by the burden of student loan debt. Note that an NIH grant is not required for eligibility and concurrent career award and LRP applications are encouraged. About To Beauty In The Eye. The periods of career award and LRP award may overlap providing the LRP recipient with the required commitment of time and effort, as LRP awardees must commit at least 50% of their time (at least 20 hours per week based on a 40 hour week) for two years to the research. For further information, please see: http://www.lrp.nih.gov/. 9000 Rockville Pike. Bethesda, Maryland 20892. and Human Services (HHS) Note: For help accessing PDF, RTF, MS Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Audio or Video files, see Help Downloading Files.